In identifying matter, it does not just attend unilaterally but takes into account the positivity as well as the negativity of the matter as to achieve unification of both the positive and the negative aspects.
This, to an extent, differs from the Western method of unitary thinking of extremity because Chinese culture originated from the thought of "Tao' which integrates whatever movement and transformation in the universe into one entity as the two elements of "Yin" and "Yang".
Chinese ink-painting has for long been led by the philosophical thought of Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism.
Though there is a certain difference in these three schools of thought they assume "Tao" as the nucleus of thought. Taoist did say that void and solid are interrelated and interacted on each other. There is also a Buddhist saying which mentions that material being is void and vice versa, void is material being there by conceiving an entity of two extreme thoughts. Confucianism is on the belief of "Zhong yong" which means the Doctrine of the Mean that is also materializing the single entity of the two extreme thoughts.
Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism are inter-assimilated and during the Sung Dynasty. These three schools of thought were integrated into one, thereby characteristically influencing the cultural thought of the whole
Eastern world, as well as the Eastern aesthetic thought.
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