Modern Classic SLR Series :
Canon EOS-1N Series AF SLR camera
Macro Photography - Index Page

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<<---Macro photography... you can explore a whole new world of exciting possibilities even within your backyard or even indoor.

Credit: Image courtesy of Mr. Reidar Olsen® from Norway. A retired Norwegian army officer turned serious photographer. He has a Portfolio at Usefilm. Image copyright © 1996-2005. All rights reserved.

Macro photography can be one of the most frequently used applications. In particular among amateurs and serious photo enthusiasts, close-up is often used as it doesn't requires specific set up nor time or locations. You can do it in a photo outing, travel or even in your own backward and inside your house to find a specific subject of interest to photograph. Basically, as most modern optical lenses be able to deliver a minimum focusing distance with a reasonably good magnification and all you need to do is to focus to its physical limitation for any given minimum focusing distance to shoot or toy around with. However, the bare basic theory of macro photography is all about increase the magnification ratio. Most standard lenses (in particularly with zoom lenses) have limitation to achieve higher mag. ratio and thus, most camera manufacturers have designed a series of optical or accessories for this purpose. As camera and optical technologies have improved considerably over the years, for an instance, autofocusing, metering, various exposure control, optical performances and related gadgets (such as Image stabilizer etc.) have enabled macro photography so much easier than those days. You can work with daylight, or unfavorable light for fill in or multiple TTL flash setup and in some instances, even watch the flash burst onto subject on modeling effect if you are using a Pellicle Mirror SLR such as Canon EOS-1N RS or the EOS RT.

Through the use of a variety of mechanical and optical accessories, you can get higher magnification ratio and enlarging the film image of your subject. what is the term "Reproduction Ratio" ? it indicates the relationship between subject size and the size of the image on film. It is determined by the distance from the film plane to the subject and by the lens' focus setting. For example, if the film image is the same size as the subject, the Reproduction Ratio is then termed as one-to-one (1:1 or 1X). If the image is two times larger, the ratio is 2:1 or 2X and so on. As 35mm film image is 24mm high and 36mm wide. If your subject is 24mm high and covers the entire finder height, the ratio is 1:1. If your subject is 144mm high and covers the entire finder height, the Reproduction Ratio is hence, calculated at 1:6 and so on. For Canon cameras such as EOS-1 Series, the viewfinder are virtually 100% accurate in these measurement and can be used to determine the ratio accurately. Other Canon models may not have high precision and may be lesser, like 92% to 94% so using viewfinder to determine can only be an approximate). However, with the current digital hype and not all Canon digital SLRs are 24mm x 36mm full format, the viewfinder can only be a guide to use for for such purpose.

In practice, we can make good use with series of close-up equipment such as a cheap close up optical mounted at the front of the lense, specialized macro EF lenses, extension tubes or older Bellows to increase the distance between lens and film plane to provide a very wide range of reproduction ratio capability.

There are a few other things you need to take into consideration when handling macro photography but most of the modern Canon SLRs should auto compensate such discrepancies in handling close-up photography. For an instance, Exposure Compensation. Light losses whenever we works or focus closer. With TTL (through-the-lens) metering system, this will be auto compensated for both available light and flash photography. Canon has its own unique way in handling Depth of Field determination. Depth of Field ("DOF") is referring to the area of acceptable sharpness, both in front of and behind the focused subject. DOF can be extremely shallow at macro focus distances, and it changes in relation to the reproduction ratio as well as the selected lens aperture used. One way of another, some provides a one touch depth-of-field preview system and Canon deployed a DOF shooting mode to facilitate the control and lets you see affected areas in focus. When shooting with a lens not specifically designed for close-up work for higher magnification, technically, you can improve both lens performance as well as increase the zone of sharpness by selecting a smaller aperture. Most "standard" versions of Zoom usually performs miserably when combine shooting at their closest distance as well as using the widest aperture. If you are serious into macro photography, investing into a dedicated macro lense is always encouraged. Next, also buy the longest focal length for comfortable working distance. The advantage is shoot with comfort, safe, inoffensive to the subject you intend to shoot, and usually longer focal length provides a more natural perspective but the negative aspect is usually weight and price (for an instance, Canon EF 50mmf/2.5 weights 280g, 100mm Macro is 650g and the EF180mm f/3.5L Macro USM weighs a triple at 1.0kg). As of 2006, Canon MP-E65mm f/2.8 1-5X Macro Photo provides the highest on lens reproduction ratio of 5X but all round general purpose Canon macro optic is 1:1 via the 100mm and 180mm without any physical extension. An alternative is to use an extension tube/ring mounted onto a non-dedicated lens to increase the lens to film plane distance to improve the Magnification Ratio. Bellow, a common method used those days are not as popular but it provides flexible manipulation of Magnification Ratio. Other methods are using a reverse ring or close up filters. Some of which may not be able to couple to auto metering system and exposure modes. Camera Shake is one common factor in determining good or spoilt pictures as when making close-ups, even slight vibrations can reduce image sharpness and high magnification requires more light and causes shutter speed to drop (assuming a preset aperture is retained). For most close-up work, use of a support such as tripod or some other secondary devices such as cable release is always encouraged. One of the best thing Canon offers to users is the newer series of optical assist image stabilizer feature that incorporated into some of the lenses which helps to reduce shaky issue during shooting.

The property boom in China ..2006

Most macro lenses are also can be used as an excellent optic for general applications - be it for leisure, travel, candid or portraiture, so they are not solely confined to Macro/Close-up photography. ... A new residential property with modern bungalows at Harbin, China - taken during my recent trip to China in 2006. Private Visual works for another project on www.IMAGES.com.my

Canon EF Macro Lenses & some of its companion accessories is the soul and basis of the Canon Macro photography group They provide exciting world of close-up photography for all kind of photographers, from beginners to professional. Regardless for leisure like close-ups of flowers, insects, duplicating works or extreme macro photography on scientific or industrial applications, most of these can be well taken care of. Other than specialty lenses, both Canon Extension Tubes and Close-up Lenses provide a good alternate cheap entry where they can work singularly or in combination to work with your existing Canon EF Lenses to deliver high quality close-up photography into the reach of every photographer. The Canon system, from Macrolite to innovative features on on-camera or lenses like foolproof exposure, metering system; shake-reduction and various optical innovations such as floating elements, UD, quiet operation with USM technology, full integration of camera-to-optic communication ensures chances of human error be minimized to absolute level for higher rate of success photography in this area. Although some would argue current Canon EF and EOS could have provided a wide diverse range of accessories to expand the capabilities as compared to older FD system but personally, I think it is okay simply because the platform has laid and it takes the Company to overcome the elements of commercial viability and overcome some technical hitch for a better things to come in the future. Macro photography is one of the most applied areas for serious users, newer accessories would be nice to extend the interest of photographers to stick on to this healthy hobby, even if not everyone is a professional. hehe ..As at 2006, the Canon macro photographic group comprised of these system accessories: -

Magnification ratio comparing graph

The Canon EF 50mm f/2.5 Macro has a magnification of 0.5X (Half Life Size), the Canon EF100mm f/2.8 Macro USM and EF180mm f/3.5L Macro USM have equal magnification (Life Size 1:1), while the MP-E65mm f/2.8 1-5X Macro Photo specially designed for close-up photography has a flexible magnification maximum 5X reproduction ratio.

Focal length of the lens interrelates focusing distance and depth of field. Difference in how the subject appears depending on the Image magnification and Difference in how the background appears depending on the focal length

Distance comparion

a little closer on threesome.. by Joshua Ong 64k Jpeg, Loading .....
It is not always true that macro photography has to be at its extreme magnification but most would associate the term with dedicated macro optics or accessories that can extend its extreme in magnification ratio for close-up photography. Even if you have a zoom, telephotos or an ultrawides, options, potentials and eventual effects can be variable. An excellent example is this close up photo taken with a long tele-zoom that mounted with an Extender 1.4X. In the hands and mind of a creative photographer, you can make use of many ways in achieving your objective - what about using a simple device such as close-up accessory filter, extension tubes etc. However one cannot deny the fact dedicated macro lenses have their absolute advantage in terms of flexibility and overall stable performance in delivering what you paid for it...

A little closer on threesome
..Nature Photo Series

Photo Credit: Image courtesy of Dr. Joshua Ong ® who has his Portfolio at Pbase. Image copyright © 2006. All rights reserved. Please respect the visual property of the contributing photographer.


previous | NEXT | Part 1/3 A system overview on various Canon macro lenses and other system accessories for close-up. Further, privately - showcasing a few works on one of my favorite staff who has just took up photography barely a year ago (hope not seen as abusing my power as developer here, hehe...). I wish the display would boost her confidence to pursue further in this area.

Other Canon macrophotography lens alternatives: EF 50mm f/2.5 Compact MACRO w/ Life Size Converter EF | EF 100mm f/2.8 MACRO | EF 180mm f/3.5L MACRO | Canon MP-E 65mm f/28 MACRO Photo | External Link: - Canon EF-S 60mm f/2.8 USM Macro (linked to www.photozone.de review)

Relative: - Canon FD Macro Lenses 20mm 35mm 50mm 100mm 200mm or older S.S.C. range of macro lenses + Main Index Page on Canon FD lens Resources

| Back | Index Page The Canon EOS-1N Series Professional SLR camera
| Back | Main Index Page The Canon EOS-1 Series Professional SLR camera

Background and Various Issues | The Basic Features & various Setup
Manual & Auto Focusing | Metering Systems | Exposure Control | Viewfinder Optical
System
Flash Photography (with Speedlite 540EZ extension & Selective info on Canon TTL Flash Models:-160E | 200E | 300EZ | 300TL | 420EZ | 430 EZ | 480EG | MacroLites | Other non-TTL Canon flash model

Reliability Issues:- Body Chassis | Shutter Unit | Electronic Circuitry | Film Transport & film handling Secondary Functions:- Custom Function Part One | Part Two | System Accessories:- Film Back Options - instruction for Command Back E1 | Macro/Close Up Part one | Part two and Part III Flash for Macro-Photography | Power Sources -BP-E1 | PDB-E1 | Focusing Screens | Remote Control with Wireless Remote Set LC-3 | System compatibility

Variants of Canon EOS-1N:- Canon EOS-1N RS | Canon/Kodak Digital DCS-1, 3 -5 & 520/560 Series | Full Technical Specification | Main Reference Map / Nomenclature | Resource Centre:- Comparative Charts between EOS-1 & EOS-1N / or with its active Competition(s) (Nikon); Quick Operational Reference Card (278k Gif File); Listings of 7-segment digital numbers/letters appeared on LCD display panel/viewfinders (HTML page); External Link:-Instruction Manual (3.3MB PDF file applicable for both Canon EOS-1N (RS). | Using EOS system for your photography | Bots & Nuts of EOS System - by Philip Chong |

The Eyes of EOS -
EF Lenses
A little OFF-TOPIC SOME Personal Thought

Additional information on other EOS AF-SLR Models: EOS-650 (1987.2) | EOS-620 (1987.5) | EOS-750QD (1988.10) | EOS-850QD (1988.10) | EOS-630QD (1989.4) | EOS-1 (1989.9) | EOS-RT (1989.10) | EOS-700QD (1990.3) | EOS-10S QD (1990.3) | Canon T-60 | EOS-1000F /Rebel S QD (1990.9) | EOS-100 / Elan QD (1991.9) | Canon EF-M (1991.9) | EOS-5/A2E QD (1992.10) | EOS-1000FN /Rebel S II QD (1992.4) | EOS-500 / Rebel XS / KISS (1993.10) | CANON EOS-1n (1994.9) | EOS-888/5000QD (1995.1) | EOS-1n RS (1995.3) | EOS-50/50E / Elan II(E) /EOS 55 (1995.9) | EOS -500N / Rebel G / KISS II (1996.9) | EOS-IX (1996.10) / EOS-IX Lite /IX-7 (1996.3) | EOS-3 (1998.11) | EOS-88/3000 (1999.3) | EOS-300 / Rebel 2000 QD / KISS III (1999.4) | EOS-1v (2000.3) | EOS-30 / EOS-7 / EOS Elan 7E (2000.10) | EOS-3000N /EOS-66 / Rebel XS-N (2002.2) | EOS-300V / Rebel Ti / KISS V (2002.9) | EOS 3000V / Rebel K2 / KISS Lite (2003.9)

The Eyes of EOS - EF Lenses

A little OFF-TOPIC SOME Personal Thought

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Volunteered Maintainer(s) for the Canon EOS-1N Series Message Board: Philip Chong, Editor, Digital Camera Magazine; Vincent Thian, Photo Editor, Malaysian Bureau, Associated Press "AP", CYleow, Ex-photo Editor of local daily, The Star; Gary Rowan Higgins, Australia and other nice folks on the web.

Special Credit:- :Mr. Richard Yeow & Mr. Simon Wong from camera division of Canon Malaysia Logo Marketing Malaysia, for their continual effort in supporting development of this EOS/EF website. Others: All the nice people on earth who have contributed their photos and pictures of personal works or product shots for the creation of this site. Certain content and images appeared in this site were either scanned from official marketing leaflets, brochures published by Nikon and/or contribution from surfers who claimed originality of their own work for public publishing in this website, where majority of the extracted information are used basing on educational merits. The creator of this site will not be responsible for any discrepancies that may arise from any possible dispute except rectifying them after verification from respective source. Neither Nikon or its associates has granted any permission(s) in using their public information nor has any interest in the creation of this site. "Canon", "EOS", "EF" "RT", "EOS-1n RS", "Booster ", "Macrolite", "fluorite", "Image Stabilizer" & other applicable technical/business terms are registered trade name(s) of Canon Inc., Japan. Site made with an Apple G5 IMac.