Modern Classic SLR Series
Instruction Manual for
Minolta Maxxum 7000 "Dynax" Autofocus SLR camera - Part III


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FILM LOADING

Always load film in subdued light or at least shaded from direct sunlight.

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1. Switch camera on.
2. Open back cover by pressing button in the center of the back cover release and sliding release downward.

3. Place film cartridge in film chamber. Extend tip of film leader past the red leader index. Make sure holes in lower edge of film engage teeth on sprocket. If film extends too far or does not lie flat, gently push excess back into' cartridge.
4. Close back cover by pressing until it snaps shut.

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5. Camera will automatically advance film to the first frame, and "1" will appear in the frame counter. This indicates that the film is properly loaded and advancing correctly. If frame counter still shows "0", open back and repeat steps 2 to 4.

Frame counter
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The frame number increases by one with each exposure. Frame number increases only when film is loaded and advancing properly.

Film loading precautions

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* Before opening the camera back, always check film window to see if film is loaded and check that film is completely rewound (frame counter will show "0").
* If film leader is incorrectly shaped, film may not advance properly.
*
DO NOT touch any parts or areas shown in blue.

FUNDAMENTALS OF EXPOSURE CONTROL

When you take a picture, the shutter opens, and light from the subject passes through the lens to form an image on the film. To obtain correct exposure for the subject brightness and film being used, the Aperture (size of the lens opening) and shutter speed (length of time the shutter is open) must be controlled. As indicated by the aperture diagram next to each f-number in the figure, large f-numbers (e.g., f/16 and f/11) represent small apertures, and small f-numbers (e.g., f/2 and f/1.4) represent large apertures. Each standard f-number setting (e.g., f/8) lets in twice as much light as the next larger one (f/1 1) and half as much as the next smaller one (f/5.6). This difference in exposure between standard f-numbers is called one "stop".

SUPPLEMENTARY INFO: | BASIC on PHOTOGRAPHY | READ !!

Shutter speeds are expressed in fractions of a second (usually the reciprocals of numbers shown on shutter speed scales) and in seconds. Each standard shutter speed (e.g., 1/60 sec.) allows light to strike the film twice as long as the next faster one (1/125). This exposure difference between standard shutter speeds is also called one "stop". Total exposure on the film is determined by the combination of aperture and shutter speed. Using the next smaller f-number (i.e., giving one stop -more exposure) will balance using the next faster shutter speed (i.e., giving one stop less exposure) and so on. A great range of combinations 0/5.6 at 1/30, f/4 at 1/60, f/2.8 at 1/125, etc.,) will thus yield the same total exposure.

The diagonal lines correspond to exposure values (EV); all of the aperture/shutter-speed combinations indicated by a given line will produce the same exposure. At a particular film speed, the EV increases by one each time the subject brightness doubles, and thus the exposure required will decrease by one stop. On the other hand, when the EV is one unit lower (i.e., when the subject is only half as bright), the exposure must be increased by one stop. The film-speed-coupled metering system measures the brightness of the subject and computes the EV needed for proper exposure. This EV is used for setting aperture and shutter speed.

EXPOSURE MODE SELECTION

Your Minolta 7000 features four exposure-control modes. The following summaries will help you choose the best one for a specific situation.

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Program (P) mode

Program (P) mode is ideal when you just want to compose and shoot. Aperture and shutter speed are set automatically and displayed in the viewfinder and data panel. This mode's auto multi program automatically selects the program according to focal length in use. For its program shift feature, see other sections for more info.

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Aperture-Priority (A) mode

Use A mode when you want to control depth of field. The aperture can be set in half-stop increments. The stepless shutter speed for accurate exposure is automatically set by the camera and displayed to the nearest half-stop.

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Shutter Priority (S) mode

For photographing moving subjects, S mode is the choice. You can use fast shutter speeds, up to 1/2000 sec., to "freeze" action, or slow speeds to intentionally blur the movement. The camera will automatically set the aperture and display it to the nearest half-stop.

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Metered-manual (M) mode

In M mode, you get full creative control of exposure. Any available shutter speed or aperture can be set. The metering indicators in the viewfinder can be followed, or you can vary exposure based on your own experience.

Setting exposure mode is a simple, two-step operation: While pressing exposure mode (MODE) key, press either of the shutter speed keys until desired mode is displayed in the data panel.
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"PROGRAM" for programmed auto-exposure mode
"A" for aperture-priority mode
"S" for shutter-priority mode
"M" for metered-manual mode

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PROGRAM (P) MODE To set mode: While pressing MODE key, press either of the shutter speed keys until "PROGRAM" appears in the data panel.
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Program reset When you want to quickly set the camera to Program mode, S drive mode, and cancel any exposure adjustment, just press and release the program reset (P) button.


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Auto multi-program selection

In P mode, one of three programs is automatically selected to match the lens focal length actually in use.
Shorter than 35mm: Wide program sets smaller apertures for maximum practical depth of field.
35mm to 105mm: Standard program is Minolta's faster-speed type that chooses optimum shutter speeds and apertures.
Longer than 105mm: Tele program selects faster shutter speeds to protect against blur from camera shake.

NOTE:
* Program selection is automatic; it is not possible to manually select a specific program.
* With zoom lenses, the program automatically changes as you zoom from one range to the next. With the AF 28-135mm zoom, for example, as you zoom from 28mm to 135mm, the program changes from Wide through Standard to Tele.
* If light level is outside the metering range, blinks in viewfinder as a warning that exposure may not be correct.
* If both shutter speed and aperture blink, required shutter speed-aperture combination is not available.

Program shift

This feature lets you temporarily select alternative aperture-shutter speed settings while remaining in Program mode. Both settings change as the program is adjusted for faster/ slower shutter speeds and larger/smaller apertures. Programmed settings can be shifted in half-stop increments, and exposure mode LCII)s blink to indicate when program shift is in use.

Using program shift

To change aperture-shutter speed settings, press either shutter speed or aperture keys until the desired setting appears in the viewfinder and data panel.

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NOTE:
* Before exposure, shifted settings are held for ten seconds after lifting finger from operating button. After exposure, program shift is canceled as soon as finger is lifted from operating button. To make several exposures using the same settings, keep finger on operation button between exposures.
** When using zoom lenses, shift program after zooming. When zooming from 70mm to 210mm, for example, the program changes from Standard to Tele, and the shifted settings will also change.

APERTURE-PRIORITY (A) MODE

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To set mode:

While pressing MODE key, press either of the shutter speed keys until "A" appears in the data panel. A triangular indicator ' appears next to the aperture setting to show that it can be set manually.

To set Aperture: Press aperture or shutter speed keys until desired aperture is shown in data panel. Each time you press the key, aperture changes by a half-stop. Aperture changes rapidly when key is held down. * Any available aperture from the aperture range indicated on the front of the lens can be set. The AF 50mm f/1.7 lens is marked 1:1.7(22) indicating a range of f/1.7 to f/22.

NOTE * Shutter speed blinks when the speed needed is outside the coupled range. If "2000" blinks, set smaller apertures until blinking stops. If " "30" " blinks, set a larger aperture until blinking stops. ** If light level is outside the metering range, blinks in viewfinder as a warning that exposure may not be correct.
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Selecting an aperture

In A mode, you can set the aperture required by the subject or effect desired. For further information about creative aperture control. For taking good pictures with utmost ease, simply set the aperture as indicated in the table. These settings will provide as much depth of field as practical while using shutter speeds fast enough for handheld pictures.

SHUTTER-PRIORITY (S) MODE

To set mode:

While pressing MODE key, press either of the shutter speed keys until "S" appears in the data panel. A triangular indicator appears next to the shutter speed setting to show that it can be set manually.

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To set shutter speed: Press shutter speed or aperture keys until desired speed is shown in data panel. Each time key is pressed, speed changes by one stop. When either key is held down, speed changes rapidly.

Any available shutter speed from 30 sec. to 1/2000 sec. can be set.
Camera's X-sync speed, 1/100 sec., can also be set.

NOTE
* Do not use "bulb" setting which appears after the 30-sec. setting. "Bulb" should only be used in M mode.
* If lens' maximum aperture (e.g., f/1.7) blinks, set slower shutter speeds until blinking stops. If minimum aperture (e.g., f/22) blinks, set faster shutter speeds until blinking stops.
* If light level is outside the metering range, blinks in viewfinder as a warning that exposure may not be correct.

METERED MANUAL (M) MODE

To set mode: While pressing MODE key, press either of the shutter speed keys until "M" appears in data panel. Triangular indicators appear next to the shutter speed and aperture settings to show that both can be set manually.

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To set aperture and shutter speed: Aperture and shutter speed are set independently of each other by pressing the appropriate shutter speed/aperture keys. Any combination of available settings can be used.

To adjust exposure: LCD pointers in the viewfinder let you fine-tune the correct exposure or vary exposure for creative effects. NOTE : If light level is outside the metering range, A blinks in viewfinder as a warning that exposure may not be correct.

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Credit: Mr Aaron Oh, for lending his old Maxxum 7000 brochure to prepare certain content appeared in this site; LEONID.SL<leonid.sl@prodigy.net> for his great image of the Maxxum 9000; Johannes Huntjens <yawngie@msn.com>, LT Jack B. Nunley <jnunley@insightbb.com> and "Jarret LaMark" <jlamark@wbhunt.com> huntsphotoandvideo.com for their generosity for granting permission to use some of the Maxxum 7000 images appeared in this site; Lapapl@aol.com for his image of the Minolta Maxxum 7000 AF Body / Program Back 70;"Camera Works" <cameraworks@qwest.net> for some superb view of the camera; Dan Dorsey <Fotowv123@cs.com> for his shots of the 7000 Body w/ Org. Box & Manual; "Rehmat Iqbal" <mimifour@hotmail.com><srafiq@houston.rr.com> for being so considerate and helpful. Certain content and images appeared in this site were either scanned from official marketing leaflets, Instruction Manual(s) & brochures published by Minolta and/or contribution from surfers who claimed originality of their work for educational purposes. The creator of the site will not be responsible for may discrepancies arise from such dispute except rectifying them after verification. "Minolta", "Rokkor", "X-700", "Dynax" & "Maxxum" are registered trade names of Minolta Optical Inc., Japan. A site dedicated to all Minolta fans worldwide. Site made with an Apple IMac.