Additional information on Olympus Zuiko Lenses
Zuiko Full frame Fisheye 16mm f/3.5

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Although it can classify under a common fisheye lense type, but unlike the circular fisheye which projects image in a circular image at the middle of the film, a full frame fisheye lenses will create an impact of a fisheye lens only differentiate with a projection in full-frame image. It has an ability to fill up the entire standard 24 x 36mm film format which makes the difference between the two lens type. While the circular fisheye has a 180° angle of view in all directions, the 16mm fisheye also has a 180° angle of view only on the diagonal of the 35mm frame's image area of 24mm x 36mm (It projects a 46mm diameter image which is cropped by the film frame to create a regular 24 x 36mm picture. Note: the 44-mm ø image circle covers 35mm film format fully). Generally, full frame fisheye lense is more popular than circular fisheye because the resulting image reproduced on film is more 'conventional' than a smaller circular image that surrounds in black but more importantly, it is easier to handle a full frame fisheye lenses and its not as technical as compare in handling a circular fisheye lense. Besides, image projection with full frame format can be quite appealing as the degree of distortion is less significant as compared to circular fisheyes. Further, prices of full frame fisheye is generally much lower than that of circular fisheye lense type which also contributes to its overall popularity.

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Two differing usage of picture angle and perspective shots of current world's tallest man-made structure, the Petronas Twin Towers, Malaysia

Copyright-free images collection © 2001 

Although in most cases, fisheye lenses have a tendency to bend straight lines in its optical nature (The main difference if compared to an ultra wideangle lense is, true wideangle lense has been optically corrected to render straight lines as straight lines). However, this is where the fun is, where you can actually make good use of this unique optical characteristic to create distortion deliberately, say for specific special visual effects even with s simple subject matter/topic. However, as with any optical fisheye lenses, this distortion will be least evident at the center of the image area across the horizontal picture frame. Thus, during shooting, always looks for the correct subject to shoot, careful composing various picture elements and position the camera/lense in a desired perspective and/or angle for best visual result to suit your personal photographic objective is the main key to master this lense type.

Although photography involves subjective judgment, the way in your approach with the use of the 16mm full frame fisheye depends on your own personal way of using it - but always use it with utmost caution as negative or undesirable results may occurred. So, it is always good to understand and familiarize yourself with their optical properties, behavior and characteristic until up to a point where you can pre-visualize its eventual effect in relation to any given scene, and combining your creative imagination in applying them into your photography, probably you will start enjoy this lense more.

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Optically, fisheye lenses are still categorized as ultra-windeangle lenses, so, they will similarly yield immense depth of field which allows virtually even sharpness over the entire image area, when combining the distortion characteristics with creative depth of field control, it can produce many distinctive visual effects. The key is to think more before you trip the shutter release button.

<<< --A comparison view between two versions of the Zuiko fisheyes (8mm circular & Full frame) reveals how compact the Zuiko 16mm full frame fisheye lense is.

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A good example of creative application of this lense type: Bob's clever use of picture angle, positioning and composition has minimized the effect of distortion in perspective to an absolute minimal level with his 16mm full frame Fisheye lense.

<<< -- Credit: Image courtesy of Mr BOB Gries® <> . Bob has a website on his own. Image Copyright © 2003. All rights reserved. Please respect the visual property of the contributing photographer.

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<< -- Credit: Image scanned from a published 1986 OM system Sales Manual.
Zuiko Full Frame Fisheye 16mm f/3.5 Lense

This lense was probably introduced by Olympus between the period of 1975-1976. At the time of its introduction, this Zuiko 16mm full frame fisheye lense has quite an unusual fast lense speed at f/3.5. The sweeping 180° wide vision optical nature of this lense does not encouraged any add-on filter accessories nor any lense hood to be used at the front section and so, Olympus has designed a built-in filter type instead to facilitate such requirement by photographers. Original version of this full frame Zuiko fisheye has three filters built-in ( L39, Y48 and O56) while the later version replaced one of them with a neutral density and retain the Y48 and O56 filter.

Its close focus ability enables it to focuses down to 0.2 meter and when you combine this with immense depth of field the lense generates, offer photographer with considerable potential for many creative photographic applications. However, it is strange to notice Olympus has not revised this lense with a possible update to include close range optical correction mechanism thus far. The moderately lens speed of f/3.5 makes it less demanding in compromising with weight (180g) and dimension (31mm in its overall length, 59mm in diameter), making it the most compact full frame fisheye lense you can find among any 35mm SLR camera/lense manufacturer. This highly portable Zuiko fisheye is a very versatile lense and you may find it suiting for many potentially fascinating creative ultra wideangle effects. The revolving filter turret is being cleverly designed to locate at the front section where a built-in neutral density, Y48 and O56 are provided on the newer version for easy handling (older version does not carry the ND filter). The 180° field view does not permit attachment of external mounting of accessories nor any lens hood. Other than the improvement of selection on filters and possibly multi-coating process, it seems this fisheye lense has remained virtually unchanged physically and optically since its inception back in early seventies. The first 16mm lense that officially beared a "MC" designation in the lens data only appeared very late in 1982, you may use this to estimate the date of production.

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All in the golden afternoon Full leisurely we glide ... Date: 28-04-2001, Noon. Peelstreek, Limburg, The Netherlands.

Equipment: Fuji Provia 100F, OM2n, Zuiko 16 mm F3.5.

<<< -- Credit: Image courtesy of Mr Erwin Voogt® <>. Greg has a website on his own. Image Copyright © 2003. All rights reserved. Please respect the visual property of the contributing photographer.

Here is a link recommended by the Co-Maintainer of the OM Message Board, Mr. Simon Evan. Pictures show the varying perpectives change in relation to use of a Zuiko 16mm f/3.5 full-frame Fisheye, Zuiko 18mm f/3.5 ultrawide and a Zuiko 24mm f/3.5 SHIFT. | CLICK to view images | with a new browser window. Photography by: Bob Gries <URL of his website>


Focal length: 16mm
Maximum aperture: 1:3.5
Lens construction: 11 elements in 8 groups
Picture angle: 180°
Aperture diaphragm: Fully automatic

Distance scale: Graduated both in meters and feet up to 0.2m (0.7ft)
Aperture scale: f/3.5 - f/22
Filter: Built-in,
Neutral density type (older version using L39), Y48 and O56
Lens Hood: not necessary

Length: 31mm

Minimum Photographic Range: 21cm x 14cm
Maximum diameter: 59mm

Weight: 180g (6.3 oz)
Recommended Focusing Screens: 1:1*, 1:2**, 1:3*, 1:4*, 1:5#, 1:13*  * Compatible. Focusing and exposure accuracy remains, split prism may darken ** Compatible, Focusing and exposure accuracy remains intact but microprism, corners of the screen and split image may darken. # Compatible with OM-1(n) and OM-2(n), may be used on OM-3(ti) and OM-4(ti) or equivalent, they provide accurate focusing but exposure error may occur in manual mode; with OM2n, AUTO mode exposure will be correctly but metered needle may not suggest correct exposure. .## More info on "Picture Angle" or make use of the Glossary section in PIM site.

A Brief overview on Zuiko Optics
Zuiko Fisheye Lenses
8mm f/2.8 Circular Fisheye | 16mm f/3.5 Full Frame Fisheye
Zuiko Ultra-Wideangle Lenses
18mm f/3.5 | 21mm f/2.0 | 21mm f/3.5 | 24mm f/2.0 | 24mm f/2.8
Zuiko Wideangle Lenses
28mm f/2.0 | 28mm f/2.8 | 28mm f/3.5 | 35mm f/2 | 35mm f/2.8 |
Zuiko Standard Lenses
40mm f/2.0 | 55mm f/1.2 | 50mm f/1.2 | 50mm f/1.4 | 50mm f/1.8 | Zuiko 50mm f/2.0 PF
Zuiko Medium-Telephoto Lenses
85mm f/2.0 | 100mm f/2.0 | 100mm f/2.8 | 135mm f/2.8 | 135mm f/3.5
Zuiko Telephoto Lenses
180mm f/2.0 EDIF | 180mm f/2.8 | 200mm f/4.0 | 200mm f/5.0 Auto-T (brief)
Zuiko Super-Telephoto Lenses
250mm f/2.0 EDIF | 300mm f/4.5 | 350mm f/2.8 EDIF | 400mm f/6.3 | 500mm | 600mm f/6.5 |1000mm f/11.0
Special application Zuiko optics:
24mm f/3.5 Shift | 35mm f/2.8 Shift | 500mm f/8 Reflex | AF Zoom 35-70mm f/4.0 | Zuiko 50mm f/2.0 PF

Tele-Converters: 1.4X-A / 2X-A

Zuiko Macro/Close focus lenses: Zuiko AUTO MACRO 20mm f/3.5 | Zuiko AUTO MACRO 20mm f/2.0 | Zuiko AUTO MACRO 38mm f/3.5 | Zuiko AUTO MACRO 38mm f/2.8 | Zuiko AUTO MACRO 50mm f/3.5 | Zuiko AUTO MACRO 50mm f/2.0 | Zuiko AUTO MACRO 1:1 80mm f/4.0 | Zuiko AUTO MACRO 90mm f/2.0 | Zuiko AUTO MACRO 135mm f/4.5

Zuiko AUTO-Zoom Lenses - Main Index page
| S-Zuiko AUTO Zoom 28-48mm f/4.0 | Zuiko AUTO Zoom 35-70mm f/3.6 | S-Zuiko AUTO Zoom 35-70mm f/4.0 | Zuiko AF AUTO Zoom 35-70mm f/4.0 | S-Zuiko AUTO Zoom 35-70mm f/3.5 ~ f/4.5 | S-Zuiko AUTO Zoom 35-70mm f/3.5 ~ f/4.8 | Zuiko AUTO Zoom 35-80mm f/2.8 ED | Zuiko AUTO Zoom 35-105mm f/3.5 ~ f/4.5 | Zuiko AUTO zoom 50-250mm f/5.0 | Zuiko AUTO zoom 65-200mm f/4.0 | S-Zuiko AUTO zoom 70-210mm f/4.5 ~ f/5.6 | Zuiko AUTO Zoom 75-150mm f/4.0 | Zuiko AUTO Zoom 85-200mm f/4.0 | Zuiko AUTO Zoom 85-250mm f/5.0 | S-Zuiko AUTO Zoom 100-200mm f/5.0 |

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About this photographic site.

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Home - Photography in Malaysia

Copyright © 2000. leofoo ®. MIR Web Development Team.

Maintainers for OM Zuiko Site & Message Board: Rick Oleson (Email: Website:, Bruce Hamm (, John Orrell (, Simon Evans, (; Shaun (, Andy Radcliffe (

Special thanks to: Gregory P. Logiodice, Bob Gries, Erwin Voogt, Joel Wilcox, Rick Oleson, Simon Evan and many others for granting permissions to use their images of either lenses, cameras and own pictures appeared in this Zuiko website.

Credit: My old time buddy, Ahmad Ikram, Dr of Rubber Research Institute (RRI), Malaysia who shares the same passion with me and also lending his OM-1n, OM-4 and the Motor Drive 1 to me for preparing some images in this site; Mark Dapoz <>for reminding some broken links; Mr Poon of Foto Poon, Ipoh, Mr Richard, Ampang Park, Mr Lim and Miss Jenny of Foto Edar for their generosity for their OM1(n), OM2n camera and some Zuiko lenses. Mr Hans van Veluwen for mistakenly using some content earlier from his OM website; J Sorensen for providing some useful images to rectify some technical "flaws"; Mr Gen Holst for helping during the early stages of development of this OM site; Mr KKLow for some of his earlier images on the OM-1appeared in this website; Miss Wati and Mirza for helping me to convert this Operation Manual into a HTML format. Mr MCLau for rectifying some mistakes made on the earlier preview sites. A personal tribute to the creator of the OM system and also a site dedicated to all the fans of Olympuses and Zuiko Optics worldwide. Some of the content and images appeared in this site were scanned from OM official marketing leaflets, brochures and instruction manual(s) for educational purposes. Olympus is a registered trade name of Olympus Optical Inc., Japan. Site created 'unfortunately again with an IMac.