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MULTIPLE EXPOSURE LEVER: Taking multiple exposures precisely on the same frame is easy. As the name indicates. multiple exposures are two or more exposures of one or more subjects on the same frame. 1. Pull the multiple exposure lever toward you and release the shutter. The film will not advance. Multiple exposure lever is automatically reset to the original position. 2. Depress the shutter release button again to take the second shot. Film will advance to the next frame. For more than two shots on the same frame, pull the lever before each additional exposure.

In continuous film advance modes. pull and hold the lever during exposures. Exposures are taken continuously on the same frame as long as the shutter release button is fully depressed After the last desired exposure, return the multiple exposure lever to its original position: unless you cover the lense before releasing the shutter again; this shot will be the final exposure in the series, The film is then advanced to the next frame. Note that in multiple exposure operation, exposure compensation is required depending on subject, background brightness and number of exposures. You must determine the necessary exposure compensation and make the adjustment. To cancel multiple exposure before releasing shutter. push the multiple exposure lever back to the original position. In high speed film advance mode, it will also dis-engaged the camera normal film advance mechanism, a feat used to an exclusive feature only found in a Nikon. But nowadays, this unique feature was rarely being creatively used by photographers

SYNC TERMINAL: A separate sync terminal is provided on the Nikon F4. it accepts all standard PC-type plug-in sync cords, and is threaded for use with a Nikon screw-in sync cord. Use this terminal to attach flash units which do not have the standard ISO hot shoe. Although it may sounds stupid because the F4's TTL flash can enable such positive, marvelous multiple-TTL flash results but you can also make use of this sync terminal to cable-link other flash units and/or slave units for setting up a massive non-TTL auto/manual multiple-flash photography.

Even if this is not the objective, the terminal can also act as a life saver when you don't have your trusty Nikon speedlights with you (or damaged) in a remote location, this port allows even old cord-based connection with flash of other makes.

VIEWFINDER ILLUMINATOR SWITCH: When it's dark, use the viewfinder illuminator to light up all viewfinder information. Turn the switch on, and lightly press the shutter release button to illuminate the display. The illuminator automatically switches off as the viewfinder display disappears; it also momentarily switches off during exposure.

The location of this switch locates at the same position where the self timer was on the Nikon F3 series. It does not provide the best of convenience in terms of operational ease as you need to adjust this switch separately. In comparison, I think F5's switch is excellent but that is not possible with the F4 as the main shutter release button is actually the film advance modes selector.

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FILM SPEED SETTING: The Nikon F4 offers two ways to set film speed, depending on the film in use. When using DX-coded film set the film speed dial to DX. The camera automatically senses the film speed of installed DX-coded film. You can also set the film speed manually for DX-coded film or non-DX-coded film.

The scale on the dial has numbered settings for film speeds. Two dots between each pair of ISO numbers stand for intermediate settings. If DX-coded film is loaded, but the film speed is set manually, the camera gives priority to the manually set ISO number. Film speed range is ISO 25 to 5000 for DX-coded film, and ISO 6 to 6400 in 1/3 EV steps for manual setting. With the dial set to DX setting, if a non-DX film is loaded or in the case if a defected DX barcode is sensed (or no film inside camera), lightly press the shutter release button will cause the red alert LED blinks, in such case, the shutter will also lock.dxbar.gif
NOTE: IF a DX film roll is loaded but has the ISO film speed setting set to manual, priority is given to manual film speed setting. So, be very alert to this setting - especially your camera has been used by someone else earlier.


AUTO FILM LOADING: The user simply pulls the film leader to the mark closes the camera back then presses the shutter release button - and the camera automatically advances the film to frame #1.

filmloadA.jpg filmloadB.jpg ledalert.jpg
A bright LED will lit and stays on for approx. 16 sec. in such case, the film advance operation will halt as well.

WARNING: During film loading, ALWAYS be alert that behind the film is the delicate shutter curtain, NEVER use force or pressing any film at that section to avoid COSTLY replacement !

A special operational feature of the F4 is, unlike any Nikon F-series models with or without a motor drive attached, during the "blank" shots, the shutter remains closed. The film back has a film confirmation window which is useful to determine the film type used in the camera. If the film has not been properly taken up by the automatic film advance mechanism, no error message will be in the viewfinder. The proper way for loading film into an auto film advance SLR such as F4 is, firstly, pull film leader across to the red film index mark. Check to ensure film is property positioned with no slack and close the camera back. Fully depress the shutter release button, the film will automatically advances to frame 1.During film loading, shutter does not operate, helping to to save on battery power. Additionally, F4 uses a minimum length of film leader, so you can expect to get a full 36 exposures and often, even more - it is a feat seasoned photographers always try to perform during film loading during those days of manual film advance.

AUTO/MANUAL FILM REWIND: Film advance will automatically stop at the end of roll and the red LED lights up on the top left panel (beside the film rewind knob).

A choice of either Automatic or manual film rewind selectable - automatic power film rewind is by turning film rewind levers (R1) and (R2), or manual by using film rewind crank after turning film rewind lever R1 while pressing the respective lock release. This action will immediately starts film rewinding. During film rewind, a red LED blinks, frame counter counts backwards and rewind knob on the top left hand panel of the camera will also rotate to indicate proper film rewinding. After film rewind stops automatically, the red LED will runs off by itself. It is possible to change film in mid roll with the F4 in manual film rewind where you can retain the options of completely rewind the film into cassette OR leaving the film leader out of the film cartridge. If you wish to rewind film BEFORE reaching end of roll, follow the same procedure. Releasing the shutter after film rewind resets R1 lever, R2 lever is automatically reset when the camera's back is opened.

To rewind the film MANUALLY, you operate it as with any of the previous MF Nikon bodies. First, pull out the film rewind lever R1, lift the rewind crank and turn in the direction of the arrow until tension is gone and turn another two rounds (which indicating the film leader rewound completely back into the film cartridge). You can leave the leader out by just stop the rewind once you feel the tension is gone. Lastly, confirm the R2 lever has returned to its original position, if not, move it back into place.

SELF-TIMER OPERATION: Self-timer provides a delay of 10 seconds. Using the 10-sec. self-timer activates autofocus and light motor operation.

1. While pressing the lock release. set film advance mode selector to self-timer position. 2. Compose picture and confirm focus and exposure. 3. Fully depress shutter release button. Self-timer LED starts blinking. During the final two seconds, the LED blinks faster, warning you to gel ready.

To cancel self timer operation. Simply turn the film advance mode selector to another setting will cancel the operation - even if it has already been activated halfway and the count down starts running. In self-timer operation, the shutter is released whether the subject is in focus or not even if you are in the Single Servo autofocus mode, so lightly press the shutter release button first while aiming the camera at the subject to secure correct focus. Exposure is continually monitored during self-timer operation until just before the shutter fires. Use of eyepiece shutter or eyepiece cover is recommended. The F4 has only a single timer of a universal 10 sec delay in its self timer operation. I heard some people are complaining the lack of variable speeds for timer delay operations, well, personally, I doubt this is an issue at all if you think mirror bounce may cause some movement as F4 has a far superior mechanism with its shutter balancer to offset such possible effect; next, it also has a mirror lock up, so why are you guys complaining ? In a proper time delay of 10 sec, it is sufficiently for someone to rush back to take a self portrait, 2 sec, 4 sec ? I doubt so ...

ALTERNATIVE SHUTTER RELEASE BUTTON: With the standard MB-20 (Nikon F4 configuration), you can only have one shutter release button. However, there is a shutter release button is provided at the bottom of the High Speed Battery Pack MB-21 as well as the Multiple Power High Speed Power Pack MB-23. This is convenient for vertical format shooting. The button can be locked to prevent inadvertent shutter release. Note: all F4 has another release terminal at the bottom rear section.

The conveniently positioned release the shutter which facilitates easy vertical-format photography. However, not only does the camera hold perfectly, the F4's Matrix Metering mercury sensors also know immediately that the camera is being held vertically - it then changes its computation algorithm for enhanced automatic exposure control. NOTE: when not using the MB-21/23 alternate shutter release button, set the lock lever so the red index is hidden in order to prevent accidental and/or unwanted shutter release. The basic F4 with MB-20 standard configuration does not provide such an alternate shutter release option, well, some users are also complaining but since the basic F4 is quite compact, I don't see any reason why there should be another. Next, even if it has one on the hand grip/batter pack of the MB-20, neither I think it will be comfortable to hold as the possible shutter release must have protruding lever (such as locking switch). Come on, all cameras have been in this design for the last half a century, and we can still take pictures with conventional way of shooting vertical format, right ? However, with the bulkiness of an additional power pack such as MB-21/MB23 attached onto the F4, I do welcome this added-on feature and I can conclude it is not significant with a basic F4 configuration.

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The F4 has a host of other good features. However, as most of these features are interrelated with other camera control/functions, some of its strength and weaknesses have been addressed at respective sections where it relates in this site and I don't intend to replicate them individually here.

For an example, the film window of the film back is featured together at the Film Back Section and the hand grip is discussed at the power pack section etc. Please read through other contents to find your preferred

| Previous | 2/2 Next section outlining the various reliability issues with the F4

The Camera Body - Features | Reliability | Focusing | Metering | Exposure Control | Lense Compatibility | Interchangeable Prisms | Data Film Backs | Focusing Screens | Flash Photography | Other system accessories | Cases for Nikon F4 Series | Remote Control | Various Power Sources |

| Specification | Main Reference Map | Nikon F4 Variants
Instruction Manual: PDF (4.5M) - External Link

| BACK | to Main Index Page Nikon F4 Series Models

| Message Board | for Nikon F4 Series SLR model(s)
| Message Board | for your Nikon Optics in a shared environment
| Message Board | Specifically for Dispose or Looking for Nikon/Nikkor Photographic Equipment

| Back | to Pictorial History of Nikon SLR / rangefinders / Nikonos / digital cameras.

weblibrary.gif   Nikon F | Nikon F2 | Nikon F3 | Nikon F4 | Nikon F5 | Nikon F6 | Nikkormat / Nikomat | Nikon FM | Nikon FE/ FA | Nikon EM/FG/FG20 | Nikon Digital SLRs | Nikon - Other models

Nikon Auto Focus Nikkor lenses:- Main Index Page
Manual Focus Nikkor lenses:- Fisheye-Nikkor Lenses - Circular | Full Frame | Ultrawides Lenses - 13mm15mm18mm20mm | Wideangle Lenses - 24mm28mm35mm | Standard Lenses - 45mm 50mm 58mm | Telephoto Lenses - 85mm105mm135mm180mm & 200mm | Super-Telephoto Lenses - 300mm 400mm 500mm 600mm 800mm 1200mm |

Special Application lenses
Micro-Nikkor Lenses - 50mm~55mm -60mm 85mm -105mm 200mm Micro-Zoom 70-180mm
Perspective Control (PC) - 28mm 35mm PC-Micro 85mm
Dedicated Lenses for Nikon F3AF: AF 80mm f/2.8 | AF 200mm f/3.5 EDIF
Depth of Field Control (DC): 105mm 135mm
Medical Nikkor: 120mm 200mm
Reflex-Nikkor Lenses - 500mm 1000mm 2000mm
Others: Noct Nikkor | OP-Nikkor | UV Nikkor 55mm 105mm | Focusing Units | Bellows-Nikkor 105mm 135mm
Nikon Series E Lenses: 28mm35mm50mm100mm135mm | E-Series Zoom lenses: 36~72mm75~150mm70~210mm

MF Zoom-Nikkor Lenses: 25~50mm | 28~45mm | 28~50mm | 28~85mm | 35~70mm | 36~72mm E | 35~85mm | 35~105mm | 35~135mm | 35~200mm | 43~86mm | 50~135mm | 50~300mm | 70~210mm E | 75~150mm E | 80~200mm | 85~250mm | 100~300mm | 180~600mm | 200~400mm | 200~600mm | 360~1200mm | 1200~1700mm

Tele-Converters: TC-1 | TC-2 | TC-200 | TC-201 | TC-300 | TC-301 | TC-14 | TC-14A | TC-14B | TC-14C | TC-14E | TC-16 | TC-16A | TC-20E

Recommended links to understand more technical details related to the Nikkor F-mount and production Serial Number:
http://rick_oleson.tripod.com/index-153.html by: my friend, Rick Oleson
http://www.zi.ku.dk/personal/lhhansen/photo/fmount.htm by: Hansen, Lars Holst

W A R N I N G: The New G-SERIES Nikkor lenses have no aperture ring on the lense, they cannot adjust aperture(s) when operating in manual exposure control even with certain earlier AF Nikon SLR camera models. Similarly, not ALL features provide in a modern AF-S series AF-Nikkor lenses can be utilized fully with a Nikon F4. Please refer to your local distributor for compatibility issue(s).

PLEASE NOTE: Complimentary links are appreciative but it is not necessary, I have limited bandwidth here in this server... So, PLEASE don't distribute this URL to any bulk mailing list or unrelated user-groups, just be a little considerate, thank you. (The more you distribute, the slower this server will response to your requests...). I am NOT a Nikon nor Nikkor expert, so don't send me any mails, use the Message Board Instead. While the content prepared herein should be adequate for anyone to understand and evaluate whether you should invest into a used Nikon F4 pro-camera system for your kind of photography. Well, IF you like what you have seen so far, please help to perfect this site by reporting any broken links or any errors made.

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About this photographic site.

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Credit: Chuck Hester, US for his patience, encouragement and help to setup the various content in this site; Robert Johnson for some of his original images on the F2H-MD appeared in this site; my ex-staff, KiaSu for his superb 3-D logo appeared in this Nikon F2 site; Marc Vorgers from Holland who generously provide me with some of his images of F2AS; MCLau®, who has so much time with me to re-edit the content in this site and not to mention buying a Nikon Coolpix 990 just for this site; Paul Armstrong (pkared@ameritech.net) for his explantion of the FF2 Slidemagic and Nikon F2 Pin Camera Keat Photo, Kuala Lumpur for providing their Nikon F2A to take some images for this site; Mr Edward Ngoh the great camera collector who provides us his collection of F2AS with MD-2; hawkeye.photographic.com for their images on the Speed Magny film backs; Sean Cranor for his image on Nikon F2 25th Anniversary Model; Ted Wengelaar®, Holland for his continuous flow of input on some of the early Nikon bodies; Genesis-Camera for granting permission to use an image of the SS-F2 camera; Mr Sover Wong, Australia for those great images of his rare F2 Gold;CYLeow ®, photo editor of the Star newspaper, Malaysia for some of his images used in this site. Ms Rissa Chan, Sales manager from Shriro Malaysia who has helped to provide some of the very useful input. HiuraShinsaku®, Nikomat ML, Japan for some of his images on various F2 models; my staff, Wati, Maisa, Mai and my nephew, EEWyn®, who volunteered and helping me did so many of the film scanning works; Hong-sien Kwee of Singapore for all the Nikon F2 Pin camera images appeared in this site; Luigi Crescenzi for many of his images on the Nikon F2 Titan; John for two of his images of the Nikon F2/T used in this site; Contributing photographers or resellers: Jen Siow, Foo KokKin, Arthur Teng, Mark Fallander, John Ishii, Ed Hassel, YoonKi Kim, Jean-Louis, M.Dugentas (Dell Corner.com.), Mr "Arsenall", Yang Zi Xiong and a few images mailed in from surfers with no appropriate reference to their origin. Note:certain content and images appeared in this site were either scanned from official marketing leaflets, brochures published by Nikon and/or contribution from surfers who claimed originality of their own work to publish in this site based on educational merits. The creator of this site will not be responsible for any discrepancies that may arise from such possible dispute except rectifying them after verification."Nikon", "Nikkormat", "Nippon Kokagu KK" & "Nikkor" are registered tradename of Nikon Corporation Inc., Japan. Dedicated to KU Yeo, just to express our mutual regrets over the outcome of a recent corporate event. Made with an Apple IMac.