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" The information on Tok Raja provided in memory of our beloved husband, father, grandfather and friends of the late Mr. Khoo Hun Chong of Penang. Well known by many Tok Raja & Ah Kong devotees as Uncle Khoo. " Thank you in advance. Metta,
Stan Thong

Tok Raja of Wat Uttamaram Pasir Mas Kelantan
Khron Ratchanaren (known as Tok Raja) was born on Thursday December 1, BE2419 (1876). He was sent to Wat Uttamaram by his parents when he was 12 years old to learn Buddhism and Thai language. He stayed with Archan Lok who was the temple Chief Abbot at that time.

Tok had showed great interest in Buddhism and became a "Dek Jom" under the supervision of Bhikkhu (monks) in the temple. Besides, he also learned crafting and construction. He once told the devotees that even from an early age, he cherished the ambition of joining the monk hood and stay in the temple to learn Buddhism unlike his other kampung (village) boys of the same age who more preferred to stay in their homes in the kampung.

Ordination (Upasombot)
Tok joined monk hood (Bhikkhu) on Jun 15, 2438 (1895) when he was 21 years old. The ordination took place at Wat Uttamaram and was ordained by the following monks:

1) Phra Upatcha Palad Chai from Wat Mai Suwankhiri
2) Phra Khru Ophart Phuthakhun from Wat Chon Prachumthart and
3) Phra Athikarn Phut from Wat Bangtakwa Silaloi who became Kammavacanusavanacarn
Tok was then given a Buddhist name known as Punnaksuwanno.

Seeking knowledge
After becoming a monk, Tok stayed at Wat Uttamatam for two phansa after that Tok traveled to Southern Thailand to learn Pali language and at that time is known as the big book. Tok was resided at Wat huaphom Nai in Songkhla and learn Buddhism in greater depth. He also learned "Phrakhatha vertmon" which consist of "Khamphi Mulkachai" and "Khamphi Thammadboth" in Wat Huaporm Nai as well as Vipassana Kammatharn technique in Songkhla for 15 years. In the year 2449 BE, Tok was appointed Chief Abbot of the Wat for 10 years. Due to the fact that Tok needs to be back to Malaya, he stepped down as Chief Abbot of Wat Huaporm Nai. Once back from Thailand, he became the Chief Abbot of Wat Mai Suwankhiri for 6 years before been transferred back to Wat Uttamaram and became the Chief Abbot of the Wat in year 2468 BE. He taught Vippassana meditation and ubasok ubasika Buddhaborisat to the kampung folks Buddhist fundamentals as well as Vertmon Katha to his pupils.

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Positions hold by Tok
2470 BE (1927) - Tok was appointed by Phra Khru Ophatbudthakhoon as Phra Palas Thananukrom
2476 BE (1933) - Tok became Upatchaya
2484 BE (1941) - Tok was appointed as Phra Khru Vicarn
2488 BE (1945) - Tok became the Chief Abbot of Kelantan State known as Phra Vicaranayanmuni

Front View (99k Jpeg)
Rear View (96k Jpeg)

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(E-mail: All images appeared herein are copyright 2005,



(Front View) (Rear)


(Front View) (Rear)

Tok's role in the deployment of Dharma knowledge and spreading of Buddha's teachings
When Tok came back from Songkhla Thailand, he stressed a lot on knowledge skill. He worked very hard in order to expand the knowledge skills to devotees in Kelantan but did not meet his expectation since the Society at that time did not realise the importance of education and as such, was unable to achieve his mission to the fullness. In early year of BE2491 (1948), Thai Buddhism has spread out of the country especially to the neighboring country like Malaya. Malaysia was formerly known as Malaya. In that year, the first Naktham school was established in the Kedah state of Malaya. Tok has waited for the opportunity to open up such school for long time and has establish the same Naktham school in the year BE2492 and the first school was established in Wat Uttamaram Bangsek itself. It was a resounding success in establishing these schools and Tok later handed over the management of the school to Phra Maha Chan Kesaro who possessed "Parian Tham 6 Prakyok" as a teacher master. Even though there was a shortage in teaching resources, there was a huge demand from monks all over Kelantan to study at Wat Uttamaram to seek knowledge and learn Naktham where the expenses incurred were manageable. It was not easy to go to Wat Uttamaram at that time where it took hours to reach by walking through the jungle. Such obstacles did not prevent these pupil monks from reaching the Wat and in the same year as it was established, the first Naktham examination was held at Wat Uttamaram in Kelantan.

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Front View| Rear View

Front View| Rear View

SUPPLEMENT:- " .... Thanks to Mr. Raymond. The TRaja sections re very interesting,so as the photos of the amulets. The TRaja medallion star phin is made in the year 2502 and the rian koew (round)made in the year 2500.The black colour rian koew is the 2nd batch made by the late Than Mit. The Bucha (big)TRaja is the 1st batch made by Than Chan(Akong)in the year 2525 In part 2 section,the TRaja medallion is made by Than Chan in the year 2524(1st batch)and the Than Chan medallion is the 1st batch made by Than Chan himself in 1972.The 2nd batch is distributed during the cremation of Than Chan. About the TRaja wanj(powder)amulets,i think its best for me not to commend so as not to hurt anybody. I can say that the double side amulet TRaja and pidta(2in1)look a bit different in the form of size and the image of TRaja. About the top amulet with many pidtas and the pidta with the lotus at the back,I think its best for me not to commend because I haven't seen this phin before. Here s a few tips how to identify the TRaja wanj(powder)amulets.

a. the amulets should look dry,because they re already more than 50 years.
b. there shouldn't be any coating eg. oil or other substance,because the original coating should be dry by now after more than 50 years.
c. there shouldn't be any strong smell from the amulets,because the original smell is already disappear after such a long time. Only new amulets will give out strong smell.

I m just sharing my experience with the members of the forum and hope it will benefits everyone. Please beware that there are so many FAKE TRaja amulets in the market now.

..." - Mr. Tony E.H (

Note:- Other Wat (religious buddhist temples or Thai Temples) near Kelantan:

PART ONE - back to earlier Section | NEXT - Part TWO

Tok Raja Series:
Part One | Part Two | Part Three

Rock Raymond Home:- Page One | Page Two | Page 3 | Page 4 | Page 5 |

A listing of Thai Temples in Malaysia

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| BACK | to Main Index page of Thai Amulets/Pendants

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Credit: To all the good people who have contributed their own experience, resources or those who are kind enough in granting us the permission to use their images that appeared on this site. Mr. Wichian Phetratanamunee® (+6-012-2612207 (Malaysia);+66(0)74-421248 Thailand), my master and mentor all these years. My friend, Mr. Ho Fook Sang® from Ipoh, Perak (+06-0125388633, +605-5415433) who has been helping me all this long with wonderful source of information on Thai Buddha Imageries; my partner, Mr. Paul Lim, who shares the same passion together with me. Uncle Lim®, from TONG SOON Trading, Pudu Plaza (+06-012-9128391) who has given me some guidance relating to the background of some of the Thai amulets and lastly, Miss MaeV who helped me edit and patching some mistakes found on some of the pages in this site. Mr. Alan Tan "Arohka®" who contributes some of his excellent articles fro this site, Mr. Weerapong Srivichai®, (+6609999974) from Chiangmai News Co. Ltd. who has inspired me with so many new findings on Thai Amulets; Mr. "Ben", Col. Samay, Mdm Wannee, Mr. Adisak® & many others (such as Stan Thong (, Raymond Goh(, Tony EH ( who share so much passion towards construction of this website and not to mention all the time and effort spent by volunteered Co-Maintainers of the Message Board. Note: Certain content and images appeared on this site were taken by using a Canon PowerShot Pro-1, G2 and Sony digital cameras. Some materials appeared on this site were scanned from some leaflets, brochures or publications published in Thai and/or contribution from surfers who claimed originality of their work for educational purposes. The creator of the site will not be responsible for any discrepancies that may arise from such dispute except rectifying them after verification. Site made with an Apple IMac.