A brief info on Kodak DCS-Series Digital Still SLR cameras
Part II - DCS-400 Series with Nikon N90(s)/F90(x) body Chassis

 
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DCS-420frontview.jpg DCS-42095cover.JPG
Kodak Professional DCS-400 Series Digital Still SLR camera

August, 1994, Kodak DCS-410 a revised Digital SLR that uses a Nikon F90 as the body. A revised version of the DCS-420 introduced months later also uses the same N90. The same model was again being revised as DCS-460 in 1995 and since the DCS-4XX has a different released dates of less than a year, the three models will be featured at this section as a group. Please note: early DCS-410 and some early version of DCS-420 may be using the Nikon N90 but the model was updated with the newer Nikon N90s (F90x) body chassis, however, we have to assume all DCS-460 is a Nikon N90s/F90x body.

Credit: Images courtesy of Mr. Tong Nguyen <orienmymy@yahoo.com>. Mr. Tong also operates a Ebay Store. All images appeared herein are Copyright © 2003. All rights reserved. Please respect the visual property of the contributing photographer.

NOTE: -See Instruction Manuals for respective Models at the bottom of this page.

Please Note: the camera section of the entire DCS-4xx Series models are using a non-modified Nikon camera body as part of a system component, the difference mainly centered around the standard film back where it was replaced with a Kodak-designed Digital Film Back version(s), so the features of the respective Nikon(s) may vary in their respective basic new features (yes, technically, you can remove the Kodak Digital back and revert back as a standard N90/F90/N90s/F90(x) camera. This has nothing to do in affecting the digital image aspect of the DCS-Series. The "guesswork" below are more related to their respective release dates rather than technicality.

One of the reason could explain was, when development work of the DC-410 began, Nikon N90 was the available model, the N90s/F90X and that was why the early version of the DCS-410/420 has the N90 chassis. When Nikon N90s/F90x was introduced in late 1994, Kodak revised the DCS-420 with the latter model again (earlier DCS-200 was using 1991's Nikon F801s/N8808s chassis). Further, this section also include relevant info on Kodak DCS-420IR camera as well as NC2000 Series Digital Still camera, the latter is a special-modified unit designed for Associated Press photojournalists, the original version was called "NC2000" which used a Nikon N90s/F90 body chassis (retailed at USD10,500) and an updated version, NC2000e with a newer N90s/F90x was introduced in 1997 (USD17,000-00 new). Both models are quite identical except the update has a more refined ISO settings and image output capabilities working at lower light level. Other than for AP, both NC2000(e) were also sold by Kodak to photographers on other news bureaus. The Kodak DCS-460 series were assumed to be all using the Nikon N/90s/F90X body as the secondary component . The early versions used older computer OS such as APPLE MACINTOSH II and 80386 CPUs PC on DOS 6.0 WINDOWS software 3.1 in the literature, the later versions mentioned Windows 95 and Apple's Power PC, these info also provide some clues on their varying released dates. You can attach the camera to one of several computers and move your images from the camera to the computer using one of the special software drivers provided by Kodak. You can then use the image in other applications or edit it with your image editing software. You can also record sound with the built-in microphone in the camera and play the sound files through your computer system and overall, it also provides better system compatibility with other accessories in the Nikon photographic system. Up until Kodak introduced the EOS-EF mount Kodak DCS-560 and Nikon F-mount DCS-660 in 1999, the DCS-460 was the highest spec in image resolution among all available models within the Kodak DCS Series Digital Still SLR cameras.

DCS-465illus.gif
Lastly, although the product number is close, KODAK Professional DCS 465 Digital Camera Back DCS-465 is not on 35mm format. It is a portable unit with universal mount that designed for 120 format camera. It shares many common features with its CCD imager (color ISO 80 / monochrome ISO 160 model) that records images with 6 megapixels of data with SCSI interface and accept PCMCIA cards that support the “ATA” protocol.

DCS-410front.jpg  
The information provided below are more or less using newer versions of the Kodak DCS-4xx and to avoid confusion, all information are based on the Nikon F90X/N90s body, unless otherwise mentioned. Further, when mentioned "All Models", it detailed as:

DCS 410c (color)
DCS 420c (color)
DCS 420m (monochrome)
DCS 420IR (infrared monochrome)
DCS 460c (color)
DCS 460m (monochrome)
NC2000e (color + IR)

NOTE: -See Instruction Manuals for respective Models at the bottom of this page.

<<<-- The DCS-420 production description leaflet issued in August, 1995 mentioned it used the N90/F90 chassis. Please note the red colour Kodak logo appeared on the N90s/F90x and the plain white used on the earlier N/90F90 as well as White logo on a DCS-420 (see below fro the few variations found).
Operating Differences with the Nikon N90s Camera:

There are differences between normal operation of the Nikon N90s camera and its operation as part of the camera system. For that reason here is a list of the differences. Although technically, the entire system comprised of a basic, unmodified Nikon F90(x)/N90(s) body and the digital system is only confined to the Digital Film Back but you must consider it as a sole unit:

*   The camera back incorporating a Kodak imager instead of the Nikon N90s camera back for film.
*   There will be no film in this digital medium. Captured image is stored in different medium/devices.
*   Nikon film camera backs cannot be used and ISO setting is adjusted on the film back instead.
*   The amount of “noise” (defects) in an image increases linearly with time; there is a slow progression of added noise as exposure time increases. Similarly, a higher ISO (if supported by the camera model), results in more noise than a lower ISO, again in a linear progression. As a result, work with shorter exposure times and lower ISO setting if possible, and avoid long exposures. Exposures of more than 4 ~5 seconds (and occasionally more than 1/2 second) can produce noise in the image.
*   Multiple-exposure mode is not supported. Only the first exposure will be recorded.
*   The focusing screen has been modified and indicates a reduced view of the scene to match the size of the picture that will be recorded on the imager.

DCS-420illus.gif
* Nikon Data Link System is not supported. The camera provides access to similar data through the image information window provided on the driver image window.

*   You will not be able to shoot when the camera is in S focus mode (Single Servo AF with Focus-Priority) if the camera cannot focus. Choose another focus mode, or take some other action - for example shoot from a different position - which will allow focusing to occur.
*   If you have set the exposure-mode to one of the two programmed auto exposure modes offered (either P or Ps), be certain that you set the lens to its smallest aperture.
*   When using the bulb setting, the camera back will obtain an image after 30 seconds, even if the shutter is open for a longer period of time.
*   The film loading and the film advance and rewind indications do not appear in the Nikon N90s camera LCD.
*   Lenses behave differently when used with the Nikon N90s.

DCS-420front.jpg DCS-420Rear.jpg
Technical Specifications: DCS 410, DCS 420, DCS 460, NC2000e KODAK Camera Back: The KODAK camera back is a sealed, one-piece unit. A single mounting screw attaches it to an unmodified Nikon N90s camera body that has had its film back removed. The KODAK camera back incorporates the following features:

Credit: Images courtesy of this DCS-420 on a Nikon N90 body Mr. Tong Nguyen <orienmymy@yahoo.com> All images appeared herein are Copyright © 2003. All rights reserved.

*   A KODAK charge coupled device (CCD) imager with differing degree of magnification ratio of image data recorded. Provides previews of your image in seconds.
*   A liquid crystal display (LCD) that shows status and control information.
*   Exposure indexes equivalent to film speeds can be adjusted
*   Dynamic random access memory (DRAM) that supports shooting without storage devices and PCMCIA-ATA Type III slot designed to accept PCMCIA cards that support the “ATA” protocol and operate in 8-bit mode.
*   A SCSI port to connect the camera to your computer for transferring images from the camera to your computer. You can take pictures while the camera is connected to a computer. The images are then immediately available on the computer. The camera back is a non terminated SCSI device.

DCS-420N90s.jpg DCS-420N90s2.jpg
Credit: Images of this DCS-420 with Nikon N90s body courtesy of Mr. "p.newman" <contact withheld> All images appeared herein are Copyright © 2003. All rights reserved.

*   A single, rechargeable nickel hydride battery that powers both the camera back and the camera
*   Two controls - one sets the camera back SCSI ID; the other deletes the most recent image from the PCMCIA card. A built-in microphone records sound as “.WAV” files at “telephone quality” 8-bits, 11 kilo hertz,
*   Software drivers to move images from the camera back to your computer. You can also use the drivers to perform self-tests on the camera from your computer, and to load new firmware (camera control programming) into the camera.
*   A mounting screw rigidly mates the camera back to the camera. A tripod socket is also provided.

However, other than these differences, the DCS-4xx Series models support virtually all other basic functions of the NIKON N90(s)/F90(x) camera, including all metering modes; allows you to use your existing fighting equipment and photo techniques; accommodates hot shoe flash or other external flash and it is a camera body that accepts all F-mount lenses.

The DCS-4XX Digital Still SLR camera models comprised of a group of:

DCS-imagersize.gif   DCS 410c (color)
DCS 420c (color)
| DCS 420m | (monochrome) | DCS 420IR (infrared monochrome) |

DCS 460c (color)
| DCS 460m (monochrome) |
NC2000e (color)

Imager: charge coupled device (CCD) full-frame imager. Imager size (approx. 1.5 million pixels, based on DCS-420).Captures a full 36-bit color image, providing great shadow and highlight detail

DCS 410 Width 13.8 mm x height 9.2 mm, 1524 x 1012-pixels. Unacquired image file size: approximately 1.5 megabytes (MB) for each image. Acquired image file size: approximately 4.5 MB for each color image acquired normally at 8-bit acquire (and 9 MB when 12-Bit Acquire is on).
DCS 420 (420c, 420m, 420IR) Width 13.8 mm x height 9.2 mm, 1524 x 1012-pixels. Unacquired image file size: approximately 1.5 megabytes (MB) for each image. Acquired image file sizes: approximately 4.5 MB for each color image acquired normally at 8-bit acquire (and 9 MB when 12-Bit Acquire is on), and 1.5 MB for each monochrome or infrared image.
DCS 460 (460c, 460m) Width 27.6 mm x 18.4 mm, 3060 x 2036-pixels. Unacquired image file size: approximately 6 megabytes (MB) for each image. Acquired image file sizes: approximately 18 MB for each color image acquired normally at 8-bit acquire (and 36 MB when 12-Bit Acquire is on), and 6 MB for each monochrome image.
NC2000e (NC2000*) Width 20.5 mm x 16.4 mm, 1268 x 1012-pixels. NC2000e - Unacquired image file size: approximately 1.3 megabytes (MB) for each image. Acquired image file sizes: approximately 3.9 MB for each color image acquired normally at 8-bit acquire (and 7.8 MB when 12-Bit Acquire is on), and 1.3 MB for each monochrome or infrared image (*not sure if the IR is workable with earlier NC2000 model).

DCS-460filmbackFront.jpg DCS-460backview.jpg
Credit: Images courtesy of this DCS-460 Digital Film back Mr David Samson <contact>. Mr. David also operates a Ebay Store. All images appeared herein are Copyright © 2004. All rights reserved. Please respect the visual property of the contributing photographer.

Images size: Lenses behave differently when used with the Nikon N90s. The imager in the camera provides a smaller image area than 35 mm film.

DCS 410 & DCS 420 (420c, 420m, 420IR)   The imager produces a field of view equal to using a lens with 2.6X the focal length of the lens in use as indicated in the representative lenses listed in the following figure. For example, an 18 mm lens performs approximately like a 50 mm lens.
DCS 460 (460c, 460m)   The imager produces a field of view equal to using a lens with 1.3X the focal length of the lens in use as indicated in the representative lenses listed in the following figure. For example, an 18 mm lens performs approximately like a 24 mm lens.
NC2000e (NC2000*)   The imager produces a field of view equal to using a lens with 1.5X the focal length of the lens in use as indicated in the representative lenses listed in the following figure. For example, an 18 mm lens performs approximately like a 28 mm lens.

NOTE: -See Instruction Manuals for respective Models at the bottom of this page.

Focusing screen is a modified version for imager size; it indicates the reduced view of the scene to match the size of the picture that will be recorded on the imager. See the focusing screen on the DCS-460 above.

DCS-410screensALL.gif
DCS 410 and DCS 420 (all models) modified focusing screen:
DCS 460 (all models) modified focusing screen:
NC2000e modified focusing screen:

DCS-410lenschartB.gif DCS-410lenschartA.gif DCS-410lenschartC.gif

Sound file size: A 105 MB PCMCIA card can store about 2-3 hours of audio if no images or other files are stored on the card. Built-in microphone records sound in “.WAV” file format at “telephone quality”— 8-bits, 11Ê kilohertz, monaural.
Twelve bits/color.
Supports ISO settings as follows (Performance based on respective models):

DCS 410
— 100
DCS 420c—100 to 400
DCS 420m— 200 to 880 (You can also shoot at 1600 with possible degraded performance.)
DCS 420IR— 200 to 880 (You can also shoot at 1600 with possible degraded performance.)
DCS 460c —80
DCS 460m— 160
NC2000e —200 to 1600
DCS-420topview.jpg
Dynamic random access memory (DRAM) buffer that supports shooting as below:

DCS 410 — supports shooting one image at a time.
DCS 420 (all models) — supports a five-image burst.
DCS 460 (all models) — supports a two-image burst.
NC2000e —supports a twelve-image burst, sixteen megabytes DRAM.

Credit: Images courtesy of Mr. Tong Nguyen <orienmymy@yahoo.com>. Mr. Tong also operates a Ebay Store. All images appeared herein are Copyright © 2003. All rights reserved.

Timing: For all camera models, the camera is ready for the first shot within 0.25 seconds after the shutter button is depressed. Timing for subsequent images depends on the type of PCMCIA card being used, and on the camera model as below.

DCS 410 If you continue to press the shutter after the first image, subsequent images are taken approximately every several seconds, with the exact time dependent on the type of PCMCIA card being used.  
DCS 420
(420c, 420m, 420IR)
If you continue to press the shutter after the first image, subsequent images of the five-image burst are taken at intervals of approximately 0.5 seconds. Continuing to press the shutter after the burst records images at several second intervals, with the exact time dependent on the type of PCMCIA card being used.  
DCS 460
(460c, 460m)
If you continue to press the shutter after the first image, the second image of the two-image burst is recorded in approximately 1.6 seconds. Continuing to press the shutter after the second image of the burst records images at approximately eight second intervals.  
NC2000e
(NC2000*)
If you continue to press the shutter after the first image, subsequent images of the burst are taken at a rate of approximately 2.8 images/second. Continuing to press the shutter after the burst records images at approximately two second intervals.  


NOTE: -See Instruction Manuals for respective Models at the bottom of this page.

DCS-420LCD.jpg
A Built-in, liquid crystal display (LCD) status display.
Two external controls: DELETE. Deletes most recent image on PCMCIA card (if present). SCSI ID. Sets SCSI ID. SCSI port is a 25-pin, female, sub miniature D connector with standard pin assignments for Macintosh II computer.
Credit: Images courtesy of Mr. Tong Nguyen <orienmymy@yahoo.com>. Mr. Tong also operates a Ebay Store. All images appeared herein are Copyright © 2003. All rights reserved.

PCMCIA-ATA Type III slot designed to accept PCMCIA hard disk cards that support the PCMCIA “ATA” interface and operate in 8-bit transfer mode. Third-party, optional, PCMCIA hard disk cards, with storage capacity as indicated below for one card size:

DCS 410 A 340 megabyte PCMCIA card stores up to 203 images.  
DCS 420 (420c, 420m, 420IR) A 340 megabyte PCMCIA card stores up to 203 images.  
DCS 460 (460c, 460m) A 340 megabyte PCMCIA card stores up to 53 images.  
NC2000e (NC2000*) A 340 megabyte PCMCIA card stores up to 247 images.  

Multi purpose 7-pin mini-DIN connector (for the AC battery charger/adapter, remote shutter release etc. . . .)

NC2000e.jpg
Power Source: Single, rechargeable nickel hydride battery that powers both the KODAK camera back and the Nikon N90s camera. In typical shooting situations, a fully charged battery (a battery that has been charged for at least two hours with the supplied AC battery charter/adapter), provides power for shooting as below. Fewer images per charge can be taken at low temperatures. Note: These estimates are based on testing that begins with a fully charged battery. In testing, the camera is turned on, and left on throughout the test. An image is made and the camera is allowed to sleep; this cycle is repeated until the battery is no longer able to power the camera.

DCS 410 / DCS 420 (all models) / DCS 460 (all models) / NC2000e (see image )

DCS 410 battery provides power for shooting up to 1,000 frames.  
DCS 420 (420c, 420m, 420IR) battery provides power for shooting up to 1,000 frames.  
DCS 460 (460c, 460m) battery provides power for shooting up to 300 frames.  
NC2000e (NC2000*) battery provides power for shooting up to 1,000 frames.  

NOTE: -See Instruction Manuals for respective Models at the bottom of this page.

Software Drivers: © Photoshop (Macintosh) driver. © TWAIN (PC) driver.
Others:
Tripod mount
as well as a locking screw is provided. The latter is meant for securely locking the Kodak film back to the camera.
Universal AC battery charger/adapter
, 95-250 V AC, 47-63 Hz. Safety:Ê UL, CSA, TUV.
Dimensions. Nikon N90s camera body with KODAK camera back attached: 7.1 in. (18.0 cm) high x 6.7 in. (17.0 cm) wide x 4.5 in. (11.4 cm) deep.
Weight: approximately 3.60 lbs. (1.63 kg.). Includes KODAK camera back, Nikon N90s camera body; excludes lens and recording media.

Using an Infrared Camera (DCS 420IR Only) KODAK Professional DCS 420IR Digital Camera, the infrared (IR) version of the camera.

Unlike other DCS 420 Camera models that incorporate a cover glass that blocks infrared light, the DCS 420IR has a standard cover glass that allows infrared light to reach the imager. The spectral response of the DCS 420IR is 420 to 1,000 nanometers at greater than 5% quantum efficiency. The best focusing (the sharpest results), is obtained if you use Micro Nikkor lenses. Other lenses will work, but may produce results that are less sharp, since the visible spectrum and the IR content of the image, focus at a different point with other lenses. If you must use a lens other than a Micro Nikkor, stop down to f/8 or greater (for maximum depth of field which may minimize the effects of the IR focus shift), or use the IR compensation dot on the lens — if present — after manually focusing. Set the ISO only to values from 200 to 880. However, you can use the Nikon N90s camera exposure compensation to extend exposure selections. The table below suggests initial values for several lighting conditions using exposure compensation; using these values allow you to gain several stops. (If you were to shoot outside without exposure compensation, the results would be significantly overexposed.)

Lighting Conditions Suggested Initial Nikon N90s Exposure Compensation Value for the DCS 420IR Camera with NO filter: Note: Bracketing exposure is always recommended as to try to ensure proper exposure. If you use filters that block visible light, the Nikon N90s light meter and autofocus will not work. However, both should work if you use a #25 Red Filter over the camera lens. Read other publications contain information about IR photography and IR filters. For example, the “KODAK Photographic Filters Handbook,” CAT No E 152 8108, includes a variety of data on Kodak filters, including filters intended for use in IR photography. These filters can be used with the DCS 420IR.

Daylight — sunny -1.7 (use a lower value for cloudy conditions) Tungsten -2.7 Fluorescent -0.7

Microdrive520MB.jpg
Optional accessories:

Removable media and lens accessory
: Supported PCMCIA card plus a Nikon AF NIKKOR 28mm lens. Removable media: Supported PCMCIA card.
External adapter for Quantum Battery 5 : The QB5 is a rechargeable, external power pack that extends the operating time for the camera.). Cable that allows direct connection between the Quantum Battery 5 and the multipurpose connector on the camera back.

Credit: Images courtesy of Mr. Tong Nguyen <orienmymy@yahoo.com>

Shutter release accessory: Shutter release cable that plugs into the multipurpose connector on the camera back;
Pelican Pro Case: Hard shipping case for the camera.
Macintosh Cables: 25-pin to 25-pin SCSI cable: for use with the Macintosh or PowerBook computers.
SCSI Terminator: 50-pin SCSI terminator for Macintosh.
AC Battery Charger/Adapter: AC battery charger/adapter
Adapter Cable: This multipurpose 1-to-3 connector/splitter allows you to use the AC battery charger/adapter and the shutter release accessory simultaneously.
Tiffen Hot Mirror Filter: 52 mm filter, 58 mm filter, 62 mm filter

dcs-460jackcamAmdm.jpg dcs-460jackcamBmdm.jpg dcs-460jackcamDmdm.jpg
Credit: Some great images shown here courtesy of Mr. Jon M. Stine <jcsebay@jackscamera.com> of Jack's Camera Shop with their website at: <http://www.jackscamera.com> Jack camera shop also operates a popular Ebay Store. Other business contacts: 300 E. Main Street Muncie, IN 47305 tel. 765-282-0204 fax. 765-284-6405. All images appeared herein are Copyright © 2003. All rights reserved. Please respect the visual property of the contributing photographer.

dcs-460jackcamCmdm.jpg dcs-460jackcamEmdm.jpg  

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for Kodak DCS 465 in PDF format
Basic Manual (7.1 MB)
for Kodak DCS 410, 420, 460, NC2000e in PDF format Basic Manual (2.8 MB)

DCS-100 | DCS-200 | DCS-410 | DCS-420 | DCS-1, 3, 5 Series | DCS-300 Series | DCS-500 Series | DCS-600 Series | DCS-700 Series

| Nikon Digital Still SLR models | Fuji's FinePix S1 Pro | Fuji's FinePix S2 Pro

Highly recommdended web links (External):
History of Kodak Cameras

| Back | Nikon SLR camera Models
| Back | Canon EOS SLR camera Models

| Message Board | for various makes of Digital Still SLR camera Models

The Eyes of Nikon:-
Nippon Kogaku KK Rangefinder RF-Nikkor lenses:- Main Index Page
Nikon Auto Focus Nikkor lenses:- Main Index Page
Nikon Manual Focus Nikkor lenses- Main Index Page
Fisheye-Nikkor Lenses - Circular | Full Frame | Ultrawides Lenses - 13mm15mm18mm20mm | Wideangle Lenses - 24mm28mm35mm |
Standard
Lenses -
45mm 50mm 58mm | Telephoto Lenses - 85mm105mm135mm180mm & 200mm |
Super-Telephoto
Lenses - 300mm 400mm 500mm 600mm 800mm 1200mm |
Special Application lenses:
Micro-Nikkor Lenses - 50mm~55mm -60mm 85mm -105mm 200mm Micro-Zoom 70-180mm
Perspective Control (PC) - 28mm 35mm PC-Micro 85mm
Dedicated Lenses for Nikon F3AF: AF 80mm f/2.8 | AF 200mm f/3.5 EDIF
Depth of Field Control (DC): 105mm 135mm
Medical Nikkor: 120mm 200mm
Reflex-Nikkor Lenses - 500mm 1000mm 2000mm
Others: Noct Nikkor | OP-Nikkor | UV Nikkor 55mm 105mm | Focusing Units | Bellows-Nikkor 105mm 135mm
Nikon Series E Lenses: 28mm35mm50mm100mm135mm | E-Series Zoom lenses: 36~72mm75~150mm70~210mm
MF Zoom-Nikkor Lenses: 25~50mm | 28~45mm | 28~50mm | 28~85mm | 35~70mm | 36~72mm E | 35~85mm | 35~105mm | 35~135mm |
35~200mm | 43~86mm | 50~135mm | 50~300mm | 70~210mm E | 75~150mm E | 80~200mm | 85~250mm |
100~300mm | 180~600mm | 200~400mm | 200~600mm | 360~1200mm | 1200~1700mm

Tele-Converters: TC-1 | TC-2 | TC-200 | TC-201 | TC-300 | TC-301 | TC-14 | TC-14A | TC-14B | TC-14C | TC-14E | TC-16 | TC-16A | TC-20E

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Nikon F
| Nikon F2 | Nikon F3 | Nikon F4 | Nikon F5 | Nikon F6 | Nikkormat / Nikomat |
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| Nikon FE/ FA | Nikon EM/FG/FG20 | Nikon Digital SLRs | Nikon - Other models

MIR Supports for Photographic Community: Various Message Boards/Community Forums
Nikon F-series| Nikon F2-series| Nikon F3-series| Nikon F4-series| Nikon F5-series|Nikkormat/Nikomat-series
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|Nikon FE-series|Nikon FA|Nikon Digital SLR series|Various Nikon Models|Nikkor Optic -shared

Others:- Free Trade Zone - Photography| Free Trade Zone - Business Community |Free To Zouk - Photographic Community
Apple's
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Recommended links to understand more technical details related to the Nikkor F-mount and production Serial Number:
http://rick_oleson.tripod.com/index-153.html by: my friend, Rick Oleson
http://www.zi.ku.dk/personal/lhhansen/photo/fmount.htm by: Hansen, Lars Holst
http://www.mir.com.my/rb/photography/hardwares/nikonfmount/lens2.htm
http://www.photosynthesis.co.nz/nikon/serialno.html

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