information relating to Nikon D70 Digital /Still SLR camera
A brief overview of Nikon
Digital Still SLR camera
Credit: Image courtesy of n2waves ®. Found his images of the D70 via his auction sales at Ebay on their own. Image copyright © 2003. All rights reserved. Please respect the visual property of the contributing photographer.
If you are new to digital imaging or would like to explore the medium with lens interchangeability, a feature which was not offered among all the digital compact models, take a look at this digital SLR from Nikon But if you have already built a considerable system of Nikon lenses and/or accessories, there might have some compromises. This camera was designed from ground up for a broad range of customers but mainly targeted at the novices - those who is trying to begin building a system that will bring some quick, fast enjoyment on the computer monitor or on the TV screen.
The Nikon D70 camera employs a 23.7mm x15.6 mm Nikon DX Format sensor and Nikon F lens mount design. This maintains some form of compatibility with "most" AF Nikkor lenses or investing into DX Nikkor lenses which were designed and optimized for Nikon's D-series digital SLR cameras. In some countries, the camera was packaged with a companion AF-S DX Zoom-Nikkor 18-70mm f/3.5-4.5G IF-ED zoom lense.
<<< ---Simple Selector dial for various exposure control as well as the flexible program modes.
<<<--- Credit: Images courtesy of "khO kiNG, kOh" <firstname.lastname@example.org> who also developed a local forum/ site on his own called Photo Malaysia where you can take a visit to join the forum. Image copyright © 2002 All rights reserved.
The viewfinder shows a 5-area autofocus system, an AF-assist illuminator for dark shooting conditions. It can shoot at a busting rate of approx. 3 frames per second (fps) for a continuous burst of 20 pictures with its enlarged buffer memory handling, faster image processing, increased memory card access speed and greater internal system bus bandwidth. It has a very simple layout, not many confusing buttons and levers at the top and major camera controls are located for easy access and to operate. Menus are presented clearly and in plain language on the large LCD monitor. If you are new in how-to operate a SLR, the simplicity of the design was one of its strength. If you are already equipped with some basic knowledge to deal with a modern SLR, there are some form of user set control for you to go a level deeper. You can control manually to shoot or via some of its advanced automatic operation. Of particular note was the 7 automated Digital Vari-Program selections printed in symbols on the Mode Selector Dial for a combination of personal control or automated operation for handling some complex shooting conditions. Shutter speeds of the D70 was another worthy mentioned feature, the range 30 to 1/8000 sec. is wide enough to ensure full creative control for any seasoned photographer. It has a lovely built-in auto pop-up flash on top of the pentaprism which can synchronize at shutter speeds of up to 1/500 sec. for great fill flash or synchro-sunlight photography. Sensitivity section was more tune to compensate for slower optics, but it can be set between ISO 200 to 1600 or just let the camera automatically adjust the range of settings.
Understand various features in the Nikon D70 first.
The backbone for the image resolution was a 6.1 effective megapixel (total pixels: 6.24 million) Nikon DX Format CCD image sensor which can deliver a maximum 3,008 x 2,000-pixel images (2240 x 1448 (Medium); 1504 x 1000 (Small) pixels). The autofocus system was a TTL phase detection (Nikon Multi-CAM 900 autofocus module) with AF-assist illuminator. It offers Single-area AF, dynamic-area AF, dynamic-area AF with closest subject priority. Metering system comprised of a three-modes (3D Color Matrix, Center Weighted and Spot) through-the-lens (TTL) exposure metering system. The Matrix meter uses Nikon's acclaimed 3D Color Matrix Meter with 1,005-pixel sensor (3D color matrix metering (type G and D lenses); color matrix metering (other CPU lenses). The use of 3D Matrix also resulted in a more accurate auto TTL white balance where you can choose either the 6 different manual white balance modes, preset white balance, or even using the white balance bracketing. If that is not enough, you can also make use of the exposure compensation / flash exposure compensation combine with auto exposure bracketing to further aid in achieving personal preferences. One of the main highlight was actually internal where it maximizing the speed of file compression, memory buffer handling, simultaneous recording of JPEG and NEF (Nikon Electronic Format) files, and almost a near-instant LCD image display. Another highlight is the power management of the D70, it uses rechargeable high-energy EN-EL3 lithium-ion battery and able to deliver up to approx. 2,000 images with a single charge (also comes with a battery holder that lets you use disposable batteries as well).
Other features include diverse playback options, versatile custom settings, Mirror-lockup, a USB interface and a bevy of other features packed into the lightest and most compact Nikon digital SLR camera to date, and it can easily be ranked as one of the best performing Digital SLR camera in its class...
So much on the positive aspect for a lucky new owner as it was not as painful as other Nikon users who may have already established a host of Nikon system accessories. I would not like to highlight again there is still a long way for digital camera to reach a perfect state of providing a full format sensor rather than a half-baked state. So, below are a few things that may be useful in terms of quick references:-
Credit: Image courtesy of n2waves ®. Found his images of the D70 via his auction sales at Ebay on their own. Image copyright © 2003. All rights reserved.
Picture Angle and Focal Length A 35mm camera has a diagonal picture angle approximately 1-1/2 times that of the Nikon D70. When calculating the focal length of lenses for the Nikon D70 in 35-mm format, you will therefore need to multiply the focal length of the lens by 1.5X, as shown in the following table:
Calculating Picture Angle The size of the area exposed by a 35-mm camera is 36 x 24 mm. The size of the area exposed by the D70, in contrast, is 23.7 x 15.6 mm. As a result, the picture angle of photographs taken with the Nikon D70 differs from the picture angle for 35mm cameras, even when the focal length of the lens and the distance to the subject are the same. So, what you see may just like magnifying a section on a 35mm format or it is just like cropping a section from a 35mm. Some quick thinkers like to interpret it by saying ".. my lense actually will multiply the focal length by 1.5X..". nuts..
NOT all Nikkor lenses will perform fully in various modes with the Nikon D70: -
1 IX Nikkor lenses can not be used.
2 Vibration Reduction (VR) supported with VR lenses.
3 Spot metering meters selected focus area.
4 The camera’s exposure metering and flash control systems do not work properly when shifting and/or tilting the lens, or when an aperture other than the maximum aperture is used.
5 Electronic range finder can not be used with shifting or tilting.
6 Compatible with AF-I Nikkor lenses and with all AF-S lenses except DX 12-24 mm f/4G, ED 17-35 mm f/2.8D, DX 17--55 mm f/2.8G, DX ED 18-70 mm f3.5-4.5G, ED 24-85 mm f/3.5-4.5G, VR ED 24-120 mm f/3.5-5.6G, and ED 28-70 mm f/2.8D.
7 With maximum effective aperture of f/5.6 or faster.
8 If AF 80-200 mm f/2.8S, AF 35-70 mm f/2.8S, new-model AF 28-85 mm f/3.5-4.5S, or AF 28-85 mm f/3.5-4.5S is zoomed in while focusing at minimum range, image on matte screen in viewfinder may not be in focus when in-focus indicator is displayed.Focus manually using image in viewfinder as guide.
9 With maximum aperture of f/5.6 or faster.
10 Some lenses can not be used
11 Can be used in mode M, but camera exposure meter can not be used.
12 Can be used in mode M at shutter speeds slower than 1/125 s, but camera exposure meter can not be used.
13 Attach in vertical orientation (can be used in horizontal orientation once attached).
* Medical-Nikkor 200mm f/5.6 requires AS-15 for flash control.
Incompatible Accessories and Non-CPU Lenses (The following accessories and non-CPU lenses can NOT be used with the D70:)
TC-16A AF Teleconverter
* Non-Ai lenses
* Lenses that require the AU-1 focusing unit (400mm f/4.5, 600mm f/5.6, 800mm f/8, 1200mm f/11)
* Fisheye (6mm f/5.6, 8mm f/8, OP 10mm f/5.6)
* 2.1 cm f/4 Nikkor-O (old type)
* K2 rings
* ED 180-600mm f/8 (serial numbers 174041-174180)
• ED 360-1200mm f/11 (serial numbers 174031-174127)
* 200-600 mm f/9.5 (serial numbers 280001-300490)
* Lenses for the F3AF (80mm f/2.8 AF, 200mm f/3.5 AF, TC-16 Teleconverter)
* PC 28mm f/4 (serial number 180900 or earlier)
* PC 35mm f/2.8 (serial numbers 851001- 906200)
* PC 35mm f/3.5 (old type)
* 1000mm f/6.3 Reflex (old type) May be the 500mm f/5 as well.
* 1000mm f/11 Reflex (serial numbers 142361 -143000)
* 2000mm f/11 Reflex (serial numbers 200111-200310)
Compatible Non-CPU Lenses Non-CPU lenses not included in the list above can be used, but only in mode M. Aperture must be adjusted manually using the lens aperture ring and the camera exposure meter, depth-of-field preview, and i-TTL fl ash control can not be used. If another mode is selected when a non-CPU lens is attached, the shutter-release will be disabled.
Credit: A modified image from an original, courtesy of KEA-Photo, Hong Kong. KEA-Photo® has an online shop selling various photographic equipment at the popular Store at Ebay. Image copyright © 2004. All rights reserved. Please respect the visual property of the contributing photographer.
Optional Speedlights: One of the most disturbing features with the D70 was its weakness in backward compatibility with some of the Nikon AF Speedlights. Nikon suggested only the new SB600 & SB800 should enables ALL the advance flash features will be seamlessly working with the D70. It looks like the implementation of the Nikon's CLS (Creative Light System) function (first to use this I think was the Nikon D2H) was the beginning of a nightmare for many existing Nikon users who may have already invested heavily into the Nikon flash system. What are the problems ? Oh... with the new series of Nikon digital SLRs, say a high end flash such as the Nikon SB-80DX TTL-AF Speedlight may not even be able to use TTL flash, imagine that ? Naturally, if you have not bought a Nikon speedlight prior to a D70 or any newer series of Nikon D-SLRs, good news is, you may not have to worry all these backward compatibility issues too much.
So, when used the Nikon D70 with a fully-compatible Speedlight such as the SB-800 or SB-600 (available separately), the D70 supports the full range of options available with the Nikon Creative Lighting System (CLS ), including i-TTL fl ash control (), Flash Color Information Communication, and FV lock (). For more information, see the Speedlight Manuals (SB-600 & SB-800).
Nikon AF-TTL Speedlight SB-800 This high performance Speedlight has a Guide Number of 53/174 (m/ft, 35-mm zoom head position, ISO 200, 20 °C/68 °F; GN at ISO 100 is 38/125) and accepts four AA batteries (five AA batteries when powered by the supplied SD-800 battery pack) or SD-6, SD-7, or SD-8A power sources (available separately). The flash head can be rotated through 90 ° above and 7 ° below the horizontal, 180 ° left, and 90 ° right for bounce-fl ash or close-up photography. Auto power zoom (24-105 mm) ensures that the illuminating angle is adjusted in accord with lens focal length. The built-in wide panel can be used for angles of 14 mm and 17 mm. An illuminator is included to assist in adjusting settings in the dark, and custom settings are available for fine-tuning all aspects of flash operation.
1 Available only with CPU lenses (IX Nikkor lenses excluded).
2 Standard i-TTL Flash for Digital SLR is used when spot metering is selected. Otherwise, i-TTL Balanced Fill-Flash for Digital SLR is used.
3 Available only with non-CPU lenses.
4 Adjusted automatically according to camera aperture setting when CPU lens is used. When non-CPU lens is used, must be adjusted manually to match aperture selected with lens aperture ring.
5 Available CPU AF lenses only (IX Nikkor lenses excluded).
Nikon AF-TTL Speedlight SB-600 This high performance Speedlight has a Guide Number of 39/128 (m/ft, 35mm zoom head position, ISO 200, 20 °C/68 °F; GN at ISO 100 is 28/92) and accepts four AA batteries (see the SB-600 manual for details). The fl ash head can be rotated through 90 ° above the horizontal, 180 ° left, and 90 ° right for bounce-fl ash or close-up photography. Auto power zoom (24-85 mm) ensures that the illuminating angle is adjusted in accord with lens focal length. The built-in wide panel can be used for an angle of 14 mm. An illuminator is included to assist in adjusting settings in the dark, and custom settings are available for fine-tuning all aspects of flash operation.
Nikon Warns: Try to use only Nikon Speedlights as Negative voltages or voltages over 250 V applied to the accessory shoe could not only prevent normal operation, but damage the sync circuitry of the camera or flash.
Below is the table for flash system with various speedlights and you can make use of it as a reference. Each of them can be used in non-TTL auto and manual modes. If they are set to TTL, the camera shutter-release button will lock and no photographs can be taken.
1 When an SB-27 is mounted on the D70, the fl ash mode is automatically set to TTL, and the shutter-release will be disabled. Set the SB-27 to A (non-TTL auto flash).
2 Autofocus is only avail able with AF-Micro lenses (60 mm, 105 mm, 200 mm, or 70-180 mm).
When an optional Speedlight is attached in modes, the flash fires whenever a photograph is taken. The following flash modes are available and modes: Front-curtain sync and Red-Eye reduction. If off or auto front curtain sync is selected when an optional Speedlight is attached, the fl ash sync mode selection will change to front-curtain sync. Auto with Red-Eye reduction becomes Red-Eye reduction. • modes: Front-curtain sync is selected automatically. Red-Eye reduction can also be selected. • mode: Slow sync, slow sync with Red-Eye reduction, and front-curtain sync. Auto slow sync becomes slow sync, auto slow sync with Red-Eye reduction becomes redeye reduction, and off becomes front-curtain sync. ISO Auto When On is selected for Custom Setting 5 (ISO auto; ), sensitivity will automatically be adjusted as required for optimal fl ash output. If a high sensitivity is required, this may result in the background being overexposed when the fl ash is used at slow shutter speeds (slow sync), Fill-Flash is used in bright daylight (daylight sync), or the background is brightly lit. Using the Built-in Speedlight If a Nikon SB-50DX AF-TTL Speedlight is set to manual (M) with Manual selected for Custom Setting 19 (Flash mode ), both the SB-50DX and the built-in Speedlight will fire when the built-in Speedlight is raised. The built-in Speedlight will not fire when other optional Speedlights are attached.
Other important Notes when any other optional Nikon Speedlights is used with the Nikon D70 camera:-
Refer to the Speedlight manual for detailed instructions. If the Speedlight supports the Creative Lighting System, refer to the section on CLS-compatible digital SLR cameras. The D70 is not included in the “digital SLR” category in the SB-80DX, SB-28DX, and SB-50DX manuals. The shutter will synchronize with an external fl ash at speeds of 1/ 500 s or slower. i-TTL and Auto Aperture (AA) fl ash control are available only with CPU lenses. Selecting spot metering while an SB-800 or SB-600 Speedlight is attached activates standard i-TTL Flash for Digital SLR. i-TTL fl ash control is available at all sensitivity (ISO equivalency) settings. If the flash ready indicator blinks for about three seconds after a photograph is taken with i-TTL fl ash control, the photograph may be underexposed. When an SB-800 or SB-600 is mounted on the camera, AF-assist illumination and redeye reduction are performed by the optional Speedlight. With other Speedlights, AF assist illumination is performed using the AF-assist illuminator on the camera (). Auto power zoom is available only with SB-800 and SB-600 Speedlights. In modes, the maximum aperture (minimum f/-number) is limited according to sensitivity (ISO equivalency) as shown below:
When an SC-series 17, 28, or 29 sync cable is used for off-camera fl ash photography, correct exposure may not be achieved using i-TTL Balanced Fill-Flash for Digital SLR. Nikon recommends that to choose spot metering to select Standard i-TTL Flash for Digital SLR. Take a test shot and view the results in the monitor.
For each one-step increase in sensitivity (e.g., from 200 to 400), aperture is stopped down by half an f/-stop. If the maximum aperture of the lens is smaller than that listed above, the maximum value for aperture is the maximum aperture of the lens.
Nion D70 Digital Still SLR camera - Features and Settings with one glance: -
1 Setting last in effect is restored next time P, S, A, or M mode is selected.
2 If self-timer, delayed remote, or quick-response remote mode is selected when camera is turned off, single-frame or continuous mode (whichever was last used) will be selected when camera is turned on.
3 CPU lens required.
4 Selecting another mode cancels fl exible program.
5 Selecting or restores default for selected mode.
Batteries/ Chargers/ AC adapters: -
EN-EL3 Rechargeable Li-ion Battery Additional EN-EL3 batteries are available from local retailers and Nikon service representatives.
EH-5 AC Adapter Use the EH-5 to power the camera for extended periods.
MS-D70 CR2 Holder (with Terminal Cover) The MS-D70 can be used to power the camera with CR2 lithium batteries, which are available at many retail outlets.
MH-19 Multi Charger The MH-19 can be used to recharge the following batteries: EN-EL3 rechargeable Li-ion batteries, MN-30 batteries for the F5 camera (with MC-E1), MN-15 batteries for the F100 camera (with MC-E2), or EN-3 batteries for the E3 camera. The charger can charge two pairs of batteries of different types, for a total of four batteries, and comes with a twelve-volt cable for connection to a cigarette-lighter socket.
Viewfinder eyepiece accessories: -
Diopter-Adjustment Viewfinder Lenses To accommodate individual differences in vision, viewfinder lenses are available with diopters of -5, -4,-3, -2, 0, +0.5, +1, +2, and +3 m -1. Diopter-adjustment lenses can be inserted simply by sliding them over the viewfinder eyepiece; note that the rubber viewfinder eyepiece cup can not be used with lenses that correct for near-sightedness. Use diopter adjustment lenses only if the desired focus can not be achieved with the built-in diopter adjustment control (-1.6 to +0.5 m -1). Test diopter adjustment lenses before purchase to ensure that the desired focus can be achieved.
DG-2 Magnifier The DG-2 magnifies the scene displayed in the viewfinder for close-up photography, copying, telephoto lenses, and other tasks that call for added precision. Requires eyepiece adapter (available separately).
Remote Control: - ML-L3 Wireless Remote Control The ML-L3 can be used to release the shutter remotely, without touching the camera or attaching a cable. Use for self-portraits or prevent blurring caused by camera shake. PC card adapters:- EC-AD1 PC Card Adapter The EC-AD1 PC card adapter allows Type I Compact Flash memory cards to be inserted in PCMCIA card slots.AS-15 Multi Sync Terminal for flash or add on accessories.
Eyecup for eye relief during a long shooting session.
Eyepiece Adapter: Use when attaching the DG-2 Magnifier to the D70.
DR-6 Right-Angle Viewing Attachment The DR-6 attaches at a right angle to the viewfinder eyepiece, allowing the image in the viewfinder to be viewed from above when the camera is in the horizontal shooting position.
Software:- Nikon Capture 4 (Version 4.1 or Later) Nikon Capture 4 version 4.1 or later can be used to capture photos to a computer and to edit and save RAW images in other formats.
Others: The Monitor Cover and instruction to install and removal: A clear plastic cover (the BM-4 LCD monitor cover) is provided with the camera to keep the monitor clean, and to protect the monitor when the camera is not in use or when you are transporting the camera. To remove the monitor cover, hold the camera firmly and pull the bottom of the cover gently out wards as shown at below (picture A -1). Once the cover is unlatched, you can move it slightly away from the monitor (picture A-2) and then remove it as shown (picture A-3). To replace the cover for shooting or storage, insert the two projections on the top of the cover into the matching in dentations above the camera monitor (picture B-1 ), then press the bottom of the cover until you hear it click into place (picture C-2 ).
Credit: Images courtesy of KEA-Photo, Hong Kong. KEA-Photo® has an online shop selling various photographic equipment at the popular Store at Ebay. Image copyright © 2004. All rights reserved. Please respect the visual property of the contributing photographer.
The D70 uses a Rechargeable Nikon EN-EL3 batteries to power all its function. An alternative is using CR2 lithium batteries (x3). Advantage is being they are available at many retail outlets. Not rechargeable. Can only be used when inserted in supplied MS-D70 battery holder. Insert batteries as shown in illustration on battery holder.
The Nikon Cool-Walker is a portable storage device for quick and easy upload and transfer of files between places - looks like an Apple's Ipod in appearance huh ?
Credit: Image courtesy of Mr. Thomas Choy from Pro-Technica ® <email@example.com> the Company has a website on their own. Image copyright © 2003. All rights reserved. Please respect the visual property of the contributing photographer.
A Note on Electronically-Controlled Cameras In extremely rare instances, unusual characters may appear in the control panel and the camera may stop functioning. In most cases, this phenomenon is caused by a strong external static charge. Turn the camera off, remove and replace the battery, and turn the camera on again, or, if you are using an AC adapter (available separately), disconnect and reconnect the adapter and turn the camera on again. If the problem persists, press the reset switch (see right) and then reset the camera clock to the correct date and time. In the event of continued malfuntion, contact your a Nikon qualified servicemen. Note that dis connecting the power source as described above may result in loss of any data not recorded to the memory card at the time the problem occurred. Data already recorded to the card will not be affected.
Technical Specification for Nikon D70 AF-Digital SLR camera
Nomeclature / Main Reference Map for Nikon D70
Useful Downloads: PDF Instruction Manual (6.9MB) for Nikon Capture 2.0 | PDF Instruction Manual (12.2MB) for Nikon Capture 3.0
PDF Instruction Manual (11.9MB) for Nikon Capture 4.0 | PDF Instruction Manual (6.0MB) for Nikon Capture 4.1
Hwang Shan, China.
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Recommended links to understand more technical details related to the Nikkor F-mount and production Serial Number:
http://rick_oleson.tripod.com/index-153.html by: my friend, Rick Oleson
http://www.zi.ku.dk/personal/lhhansen/photo/fmount.htm by: Hansen, Lars Holst
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