Information relating to Nikon Digital SLR Camera - E2/E2s - Index Page
Introduction: Back at early '90. No one knows why none of the major Japanese 35mm camera manufacturers were hesitant in producing any digital SLR cameras. The professional digital photography was more or less dominated by Kodak. But the advantage of digital photography was also apparent those days as it carries the advantage of Direct in display the images captured via camera, direct process and for storage, direct for print output in various conventional print medium and direct to transfer via network.
It was rather late* that when Companies like NIKON began to realize the needs of photojournalists/publishers that got started in looking digital photography due to reasons above that created such a demand for such tools in professional photography that prompted Nikon to take an initial effort in developing their fist digital SLRs.
The first known Nikon body of Nikon camera, Nikon Video Still Camera Model 1 was designed for digital imaging (a floppy disk based, black-and-white-only digital imaging camera) was showcased at Photokina '86. The displayed unit shared a common Nikon F-lens bayonet, and a Nikkor 6 mm f/1.6 lense has never went into production and remained only a prototype.
* The more known unit, Nikon QV-1000C Still Video Camara, which was more popularly referred as Nikon's first non-film-based SLR also uses similar concept of the previous mentioned Model 1, uses a "digital" medium (via a 2 " micro-floppy magnetic disks - similar to the configuration used in the Model 1), which can stored approx. 50 images). It offers basic features like any of today;s digital medium camera such as cropping and can remit via telephone lines to designated receving end.The camera also offers standard AE control modes as well as it was also TTL flash enabled camera. The camera uses a few dedicated lenses but conventional 35mm SLR lenses can also be used via an adapter. Source: Nikon website.
| Click here to Japan Site for a view of the QV1000C |
* Also check section on the Kodak-modified Nikon F3 DSU unit to understand early version of Digital imaging products.
Digital Technology in the first Digital SLR under Nikon label: However, as Kodak was still committed in choosing Nikon bodies for their development of SLR photography during the early days, Nikon eventual effort has never seriously been promoting the new medium aggressively. But behind all these happenings at the front of the curtain, Nikon quietly teamed up with their countryman, Fuji Photo Films Co. Ltd. in developing their first digital SLR body which used Nikon system as te frameworks. The partnership made a lot of business sense as both can share the initial high cost in research and development for such a new untested product in the highly competitive market place. So, the birth of the E2/E2s was not entirely coincidental as Nikon mentioned in their literature "... E2/E2s were co-developed with Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. All names of companies and products are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders. Specifications and equipment based on November 1995..." and it explained partly why the camera also bear a "Fujix" name tag on top of the hand grip section.
The above illustration outline Nikon's approach: An on-Board Low-Pass CCD Filter Captures Fine Gradations Nikon's Reduction Optics Technology assured compositional accuracy. The low-pass filter located in front of the CCD, combined efficiently with infrared and crystal filters, virtually eliminated RGB mode With colour aliasing, it minimizes post-processing with filtering software. The Fuji DS-505(A)/515(A) may have carried the same technical configuration
Today, for instant image availability, digital images are the preferred format. Although the early E2 /E2s resolution was still far from calling it a perfect tool but since requirement in photojournalism and news media are comparatively lower than desktop publishing, they were still considered to be a good choice - bearing in mind how much does the Kodak sells their digital models those days. Personally, I would think Nikon/Fuji should put parallel effort in also developing digital film backs for conventional SLRs. Nikon provided TWO models - E2 or E2s --all depends on framing rate. The E2 is capable of continuous shooting at rates up to one frame-per-second (fps). The E2s has a powerful internal memory, so it is capable of shooting three fps for up to seven consecutive pictures (after a brief seven-second pause (writing time onto card), you can shoot again). That makes the major difference between the two models.
Anyway, as the camera is almost designed from ground up in its handling to work like a conventional SLR body, the all-automated digi-cam E2/E2s can help you forget about complicated electronics. In fact, making acceptable high-resolution electronic images with the E2/E2s is as easy as using a standard film-format Nikon-with the same selection of Nikkor optics, Speedlights and other Nikon accessories. And if you're already familiar with professional Nikon SLR features, such as Matrix Metering and Balanced Fill-Flash, so, in many ways, for those in need of such medium =in their field works, the introduction of the camera could provide a significant advantage those days as you have gained a giant step ahead over the others in maneuver the images on the spot, because the E2/E2s gives you those and a whole lot more. The Nikon E2 and E2s incorporate a 2/3 inch, 1.3 million pixel CCD imaging sensor that captures full-color images. The days, it was a significant effort as it established a standard for semi-high-resolution digital imaging in an affordable package as compared to Kodak's more pricey various offerings. The main advantage is, images can be instantly viewed on a computer screen or TV monitor, or output through a compatible Nikon color printer, the results can be regarded as acceptably sharp, clear, high-resolution image with balanced color for immediate output in media based publishing works.
Another advantage is, as the camera employs a conventional reflex-SLR design, EXCEPT for the REDUCTION RATIO, whatever you took is what you saw inside the viewfinder. You can capture the wide view you've been looking for, from remarkable wideangle optics like the AF Zoom-Nikkor 20-35mm f/2.8D (introduced during the mid-90) to the super telephoto like AF-1 Nikkor 300mm f/2.8D IF-ED which delivers relatively-fast autofocus as conventional Nikon AF SLRs. It's all the result of Nikon's outstanding Reduction-Optics Technology, which compresses the full 35mm lens image into the smaller 2/3 inch CCD format.
Nikon system compatibility Whatever it is, to many Nikon faithful, the biggest advantage is, with the E2/E2s, you can share and tag into the Nikon System. In fact, except for its oversized dimension, it possesses familiar Nikon handling ease - typical hallmark of Nikon SLRs. From the wide selection of compatible Nikkor optics, to the familiar Command Dial and user-friendly LCD, the E2/E2s can be a very good supplement camera for digital shooting.
1. Shutter release button
2. Main dial lock-release button
3. LCD panel
4. White balance window
5. Lens release button
6. MODE (exposure mode) button
7. Metering system button
8. Exposure Compensation button
9. SENS (sensitivity selector) button
10. Eyepiece ring
11. Accessory shoe
12. AF/AE-L (double lock) lever
13. AF-L (Auto Focus Lock) button
14. Command input control dial
15. Main dial (L, S, C, SD, PB)
16. Aperture dial
17. Focus mode selector
18. Image Memory Card confirmation window
19. Camera back (incorporating the Image Memory Card slot)
20. image memory card (PC cud) eject knob
21. Eject knob lock-release button
22. AE-L (Auto Exposure Lock) button
Everything likes a film-based Nikon - Except it is a Digital Cam.
Various Exposure Controls Options: The camera operates and behaved like any other Nikon introduced at the time of its introduction as its various exposure and metering options provide you in control of just about any lighting condition with a full set of Nikon light Meters inside the camera:
It incorporates the Matrix (5-segments) meter, Center-Weighted Meter with 70/30 balance and Spot Meter that reads approx. 2.5% of the picture areas and can be used with either camera's Program, Aperture-Priority, Shutter-Priority and Manual exposure controls. When used with Nikon Speedlights such as the SB-26, the E2 and E2s offer a broad spectrum of creative flash options from Matrix Balanced Fill-Flash to Rear-Curtain Sync and Wireless Multiple Flash operation.
With their built-in Reduction Optics and Aperture Control, the Nikon E2 and E2s offer a maximum aperture of f/6.7 and a minimum aperture of f/38. Choose from ISO equivalencies of 880 or 1600 and be ready to shoot under the most demanding lighting conditions. * An ISO setting of 1600 at f/6.7 is equivalent to ISO 400 at approx. f/3.3. The camera also incorporates a Command Dial control design - something that the newer Nikon SLRs employed during that time and a larger LCD indicators that locate both at the camera top panel and viewfinder which helps to put you in full control. And if you already own w or use a Nikon 35mm System, you'll be amazed at how many lenses, Speedlights and other key accessories fit your E2/E2s. For wireless light-activated remote control, you can also make use of the Nikon Modulite units. The main selling point though, was it is a damn good supplementary model to assist you while you shoot conventional film format and decide upon whether another "spare" image should be in digital for faster deliveries.
High-Capacity PCMCIA Data Storage Cards for convenient, efficient operation The E2/E2s stores each digital image on a standard, reusable PCMCIA ATA Type I/H memory card. Images can be stored in full data format or compressed for efficiency. Just slip the card out of the camera and insert a compatible Nikon Card Reader connected to your personal computer (PC or Macintosh). and you are ready to view and manage your images.
A wide range of popular optional software programs are available to process your image files. Leave it to the production people, or work the images yourself. It's both challenging and fun at the same time. Although this early model was far from optimum in its image resolution as compared to many today;s Digicam but those days, it was a real treat.
Three image compression modes to fit your needs Choose from three ]PEG compression modes-Basic, Normal, and Fine-or uncompressed TIFF for the highest quality of all. The number of images you can store in a single PCMCIA card depends on the compression mode you choose and the card's memory capacity. A standard 15MB PC card EC-15, for example, held about 84 images in the BASIC mode.
Analog video output and color control-see the picture on the spot The E2/E2s also comes with an analog video output terminal (NTSC or PAL), for easy connection to any TV monitor. An external portable TV monitor with video-in terminal could also be used to review images on screen without having to connect to a computer White balance can be controlled automatically or manually, to ensure perfectly balanced color images. Somehow, the partnership with Fuji Film has benefited Nikon in its software - in particular the colour management and white balance, Nikon still holds the advantage in these areas even today.
Nikon E2 Browser software: Nikon E2 Browser offers the following features:
• Displays series of thumbnail images; up to 20 or 30 images at a glance (depends on the monitor use)
• Displays data for each image
• Saves individual images as files
• Deletes image files from PC cards
• Transfers images to applications using JPEG and PICT files, such as Adobe Photoshop
• Compatible with both compressed and uncompressed images
The software includes advanced features such as thumbnail display, individual image data, data deletion and image conversion capabilities. Images can also be transferred to applications handling JPEG and PICT files, such as Adobe Photoshop.
Portrait, Studio and LD copy The Nikon E2/E2s offers the perfect package for Portrait photography. Just compose, shoot and instantly show your client the picture via the camera's Analog Video Output and any compatible TV. It's the ideal choice for ID systems, too.
Newspapers and journalism Shoot and deliver. Very appealing to photographers that works in news reporting or general usage such as not so demanding works like real-estate section etc. But the key is, you can meet deadlines faster than ever and scoop the competition. Nikon's PCMCIA ATA Type I/II compact data storage cards offer easy compatibility with personal computers. Another good applications is for catalog production, as quick picture turnaround can make all the difference in meeting deadlines. As you get your images immediately, view them immediately, and get them into the page layout immediately - which simplifies the work flow from shooting to eventual production.
Below are the specification for FUJIX PC Card Reader CR-500 which almost has the same configuration with Nikon's ED-10 which you may use it for reading reference.
Medical, Scientific, Industrial, Forensic In the lab or on the production site, digital imaging can add a vital new dimension to the work, enhancing ability to maintain detailed records and produce materials for publication
Accessories: Nikon ED-10 Card Drive - For use with PCs that do not have a PC card slot. Overall, dedicated accessories was still short - until the later Nikon E2N(s) and Nikon E3(s) arrived...
System (88k Gif) / Nikkor Compatibility Chart(160k Gif file)
Card slot 2 slots
- NO.1 : ATA Type I/II/III
- NO.2 : ATA Type I/II
Interface SCSI-2 (Full pitch 50P x 2) Data transfer rate Approx. 3 MB/sec Dimensions 60 (W) x 123 (H) x 271 (D) mm Weight Approx. 1.2 kg Note: The CR-500 includes driver software for Macintosh® and Windows®.
Useful Downloads: PDF Instruction Manual (6.9MB) for Nikon Capture 2.0 | PDF Instruction Manual (12.2MB) for Nikon Capture 3.0
PDF Instruction Manual (11.9MB) for Nikon Capture 4.0 | PDF Instruction Manual (6.0MB) for Nikon Capture 4.1
| NEXT | Technical Specification for the original Nikon E2/E2s Digital Still SLR camera.
| Back | Index Page of Digital Nikon SLR cameras
| Back | Main Index Page of Pictorial History of Nikon SLR camera
E-Series: Nikon E2/E2s | Nikon E2N/E2Ns | Nikon E3/E3s
D-Series: Nikon D1 | Nikon D1H / Nikon D1x | Nikon D100 | Nikon D70 | Nikon D2H | Nikon D2X
Related Info: Fuji Film's FinePix S1 Pro| FinePix S2 Pro | FinePix S3 Pro
Kodak DCS-Series SLR models: Main Index Page (7 Parts)
The Rangefinder || The Nikonos || Compact Cameras
SLRs -1959/1979 | 1980/1990 | 1991/1999 | y2k/2003 | 2004 ~
The Eyes of Nikon:-
Nippon Kogaku KK Rangefinder RF-Nikkor lenses:- Main Index Page
Nikon Auto Focus Nikkor lenses:- Main Index Page
Nikon Manual Focus Nikkor lenses- Main Index Page
Fisheye-Nikkor Lenses - Circular | Full Frame | Ultrawides Lenses - 13mm15mm18mm20mm | Wideangle Lenses - 24mm28mm35mm |
Standard Lenses - 45mm 50mm 58mm | Telephoto Lenses - 85mm105mm135mm180mm & 200mm |
Super-Telephoto Lenses - 300mm 400mm 500mm 600mm 800mm 1200mm |
Special Application lenses:
Micro-Nikkor Lenses - 50mm~55mm -60mm 85mm -105mm 200mm Micro-Zoom 70-180mm
Perspective Control (PC) - 28mm 35mm PC-Micro 85mm
Dedicated Lenses for Nikon F3AF: AF 80mm f/2.8 | AF 200mm f/3.5 EDIF
Depth of Field Control (DC): 105mm 135mm
Medical Nikkor: 120mm 200mm
Reflex-Nikkor Lenses - 500mm 1000mm 2000mm
Others: Noct Nikkor | OP-Nikkor | UV Nikkor 55mm 105mm | Focusing Units | Bellows-Nikkor 105mm 135mm
Nikon Series E Lenses: 28mm35mm50mm100mm135mm | E-Series Zoom lenses: 36~72mm75~150mm70~210mm
MF Zoom-Nikkor Lenses: 25~50mm | 28~45mm | 28~50mm | 28~85mm | 35~70mm | 36~72mm E | 35~85mm | 35~105mm | 35~135mm |
35~200mm | 43~86mm | 50~135mm | 50~300mm | 70~210mm E | 75~150mm E | 80~200mm | 85~250mm |
100~300mm | 180~600mm | 200~400mm | 200~600mm | 360~1200mm | 1200~1700mm
Tele-Converters: TC-1 | TC-2 | TC-200 | TC-201 | TC-300 | TC-301 | TC-14 | TC-14A | TC-14B | TC-14C | TC-14E | TC-16 | TC-16A | TC-20E
Nikon F | Nikon F2 | Nikon F3 | Nikon F4 | Nikon F5 | Nikon F6 | Nikkormat / Nikomat |
Nikon FM | Nikon FE/ FA | Nikon EM/FG/FG20 | Nikon Digital SLRs | Nikon - Other models
MIR Supports for Photographic Community: Various Message Boards/Community Forums
Nikon F-series| Nikon F2-series| Nikon F3-series| Nikon F4-series| Nikon F5-series|Nikkormat/Nikomat-series
Nikon FM-series|Nikon FE-series|Nikon FA|Nikon Digital SLR series|Various Nikon Models|Nikkor Optic -shared
Others:- Free Trade Zone - Photography| Free Trade Zone - Business Community |Free To Zouk - Photographic Community
Apple's Mac Public Community Message Board | Windows based PC & Apple/Mac Public Community Trade Exchange Centre
Recommended links to understand more technical details related to the Nikkor F-mount and production Serial Number:
http://rick_oleson.tripod.com/index-153.html by: my friend, Rick Oleson
http://www.zi.ku.dk/personal/lhhansen/photo/fmount.htm by: Hansen, Lars Holst
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