Additional Information on
Nikon Autofocus (AF) full frame Fisheye-Nikkor 16mm f/2.8D-ultra-wideangle lens

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nikonf5a15mmface.jpg
Nikon fisheye Nikkor 16mm f/2.8D ultrawideangle lens
Year introduced: 11.1993; current model as at 11.2006


This compact AF fisheye Nikkor lens which provides a sweeping 180° field of view was introduced as a surprise entry in 1993. It was aimed to replace the manual focus Ai-S lens which has been Nikon's only 16mm Fisheye available to photographers. In fact, there wasn't an AF-Fisheye lens for the first 8 years since Nikon has turned Autofocus. This 16mm full-frame Fisheye, which optically unlike other Nikkor circular format fisheye lenses that produce a circular image surround by black borders, the autofocus Fisheye-Nikkor 16mm f/2.8D lens fills up and stretches the captured image to the entire picture frame diagonally at 180°. This dramatic visual is often used for producing pictures of exciting, unrealistic image which makes it particularly interesting for many types of applications such as art, architecture, scenic, travel, scientific research or even portraiture photography. - as long as you understand the optical nature of Fisheye lenses and how does the lens behaves.

<<<--- Shown is an autofocus Fisheye-Nikkor 16mm f/2.8D mounted on a 5th generation professional class, autofocus Nikon F5 (a Nikon F5A, to be exact..)

Commercially, this AF-updated lens has also been designed to patch some weaknesses found in the earlier manual focus Fisheye-Nikkor lens versions of the similar Full-frame Fisheye Nikkor lens. One of the most significant improvement made was, the new AF lens has finally incorporating a close range optical correction system ("CRC") which was missed out in all those MF full frame Nikkor fisheye models. Although the lens still has a similar optical construction of 8 elements in 5 groups, but optically, the optical arrangement is entirely different from any of the previous versions.

On top of that, this AF Fisheye Nikkor lens was introduced as genetically an AF-D lens. So, when used with modern Nikon AF SLR camera models, distance information used for 3D Matrix Metering or the 3D Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash will be transmitted instantly from the lens to the camera body. Actually, I used to own a Manual Focus Fisheye-Nikkor 16mm f/2.8s for a brief spell and after the disposal many years ago, I always thought of replenish another similar lens type; so when Nikon announced this little AF lens again with a few critical improvements, I just got one in my collection. For those of you who wish to have a basic entry into Nikon Fisheye-Nikkor effect, you may | CLICK HERE | and revert back to the main index page of the manual focus version to have a quick reorientation/session; besides, it is always good to study a little background with the lens type you are using, right ?

Funfare@Hong Kong by Eddie Ling
A good illustrative picture of the Nikkor Fisheye with slow speed.

Credit
: Image courtesy of Eddie Ling from Hong kong, whose online PORTFOLIO can be accessed at PBase. Image copyright © 2006. All rights reserved. Please respect the visual property of the contributing photographer.

Despite its relative compact dimension and unique optical characteristic, this outstanding Nikkor Fisheye lense also employs with both Nikon's SIC and Close Range Correction (CRC) system where the rear lens group will auto compensate when focusing at close focusing distances. Well, Nikon which claimed to have significantly improved optical performance at its closest range but I prefer those who owned this lens to tell me later. However, whatever it is, since it offers such an advantage, it is also possible for some of you to explore with such close focus photographic opportunities which may be able to produce some truly dramatic effects (due to its unusual perspective). The lens focuses down to a minimum distance at 0.25m (1 ft ); at such distance, it yields a reproduction ratio of quite a respectable ratio of 1/10. Depth of field at its closest distance at its maximum aperture of f/2.8 is between 9-13/16" to 10-9/16" and at f8, it extends from 9-3/16" to 11-1/2" and if you intend to use it for close up effect, at f16 and f22, the DOF scale is roughly from 8-1/2" - 1'1-1/2" and 8-1/16" - 1' 3-13/16" which could help to open up a plenty of other exciting photographic possibilities.

Here is an illustration for size comparison; in fact, the AF Fisheye-Nikkor is an extremely compact optic i.e. if you use any of the normal ultra-wideangles or fast speed wideangle to compare it side by side. The picture at the left hand side is an AF-D Nikkor 28mm f/1.4D where a side by side comparison simply illustrates how tiny is its overall dimension - well, this can be a big PLUS factor for those who are always on the move while hesitates to bring along any other circular-fisheye for assignments or solely for personal leisure photography.

Personally, I guess the most appealing element of this lens presents is its full frame fisheye effect. IF use it wisely or creatively, you can utilize its optical behavior to cover or even convert ordinary sight into a different visual interpretation. Naturally, the wideangle aspect of the lens also offers the photographer to deal with cramp interiors easily - added with different perspective and dimension. In short - this lens is designed not just for handling tight angles, but with a little imagination, you can also transform it as a visual cracker.

Nomencluture for  Nikon Fisheye-Nikkor 16mm f/2.8D ultrawideangle lens Optical formula for Nikon Fisheye-Nikkor 16mm f/2.8D ultrawideangle lens MTF chart for Nikon Fisheye-Nikkor 16mm f/2.8D ultrawideangle lens
Focusing: With the Nikon autofocus cameras, both autofocus and manual operations are possible. To focus manually with other manual focus models, rotate the focus ring until the image in the viewfinder appears sharp and crisp.

<<< -- The optical arrangement is still a 8 elements in 5 group design but it is far superior from previous versions.

A photo by bob.friedman on Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Massachusetts Nikon D70, Nikkor 16mm f/2.8D AF Fisheye
Fisheye for scenic or landscape ? Why not ?

Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Taken with a
Nikon D70 digital SLR converted to Infrared ...

Credit: Image courtesy of Bob.Friedman (nickname: dreams202), whose online PORTFOLIO can be accessed at PBase. Image copyright © 2006. All rights reserved. Please respect the visual property of the contributing photographer.

16mmfisheyerearview.jpg
Genetically, this Nikkor Fisheye is a D-Nikkor and it is compatible with virtually ALL the latest film-based or digital Nikon SLRs that offer advance features in various metering systems, exposure control and/or using command dials for camera operations. The depth of field scale is generously provided with 3 f-stops at f/8, f/11 & f/16 for easy visual reference.

Important: 1) Be careful not to spoil or damage the CPU contacts. 2) Do not attach the following accessories to the lens, as they may damage the CPU contacts of the lens. 3) Auto Extension Ring PK-1, Auto Extension Ring PK-11*, K1 Ring, Auto Ring BR 4 ** 4) This lens cannot be used with AF Finder DX-1 attached to the Nikon F3AF camera. * Use PK-11A instead. ** Use BR-6 instead

Recommended Focusing Screens with this Fisheye lens:

Various interchangeable focusing screens are available for Nikon cameras to suit any type of lens or picture-taking situation.

Model/Screens

EC-B

A/L

B

C

D

E

G1

G2

G3

G4

H1

H2

H3

H4

J

K

P

M

R

T

U

F

F5 + DP-30

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(+0.5)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

F5 + DA-30

.

(+0.5)

.

 

 

.

 

(+0.5)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(+0.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

F4+DP-20

 

 

 

 

 

 

(-1 1/2)

(-1 1/2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

F4 + DA-20

 

 

 

 

 

 

(-1 1/2)

(-1 1/2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

F3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FE, FE2, FM2, FM2n, FA, F2A and F2AS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Excellent focusing
Acceptable focusing; Slight vignetting or moire phenomenon affects screen image, but film image shows no traces of these.
Not Applicable with screen type. Type M can be used for both macro photography at 1:1 reproduction ratio and for photomicroraphy. It has different application than other screens. Type K (K2), E (E2) and B (B2) for FM2, FM2n (And other FM2 series models); FE, FA and FE2, refer to this section for more info on compatibility issue on exposure compensation.
Indicates degree of exposure compensation needed for F5-series or F4-series cameras (Center-Weighted metering only). For F5 camera, compensate using the Custom Setting #18 on the camera body. See instruction manual of the camera body for more details. For F4-series cameras, compensate using the Exposure Compensation Dial for the focusing screen. (See the F4/F4s instruction manual, page 78).

Full frame autofocus Fisheye Nikkor lens

Using Filters: Because of the optical construction of this lense and with added advantage of minimize chances in penetration of dust or foreign particles, it is necessary to keep a filter attached to the lens at all times. The filter is NOT a front attaching type, but it is located at the rear section of the lense. As standard equipment includes 4 rear-mounting bayonet-type filters (L37C, A2, B2 and O-56) are supplied with the AF Fisheye-Nikkor.

Standard Accessories (Supplied)

Optional Accessories

Slip-on front lens cap

Flexible lens pouch No. 61

Rear lens cap LF-l

Hard lens case CL-31S

Bayonet-type filters (L37C, A2, B2, 056)

Teleconverter TC-201s*

Filter case CA-2

Teleconverter TC-l4 A*

* (see Nikon Teleconverter section for more info on applicable Nikon tele-extender)

Guides in how-to change a filter:- (1) First, rotate the already-attached filter counterclockwise to remove the filter. (2) To attach another filter, align the dot on the outside rim of the filter and the groove beside the mounting pin on the lens bayonet, then rotate the filter clockwise. With a non-TTL exposure meter Exposure compensation is required. Refer to table below:

16fishyeback.jpg

Film

Filter

Compensation value (Filter factor)

Type

Designation

Daylight

Tungsten light

B&W and color film Ultraviolet

L37C

1

1

color film only Light Amber

A2

1.2 (1/3)

1.2 (1/3)

Light Blue

B2

1.2 (1/3)

1.2 (1/3)

B/W film only Orange

056

3.5 (1-5/6)

2 (1)


( ) = Exposure Compensation in f/stop
Nikon F4 with Fisheye Nikkor 16mm f/2.8D
Minimum Aperture Lock For programmed auto or when during shutter-priority auto shooting, use the minimum aperture lock lever to jock the lens aperture at f/22.

amswitch.gif   1. Set the lens to its minimum aperture (V22).
2. Slide lock lever in the direction of the aperture ring and so the white dot on the lever aligns with the orange dot.
3. To release the lock, slide lever in reverse direction.

Picture Composing Using fisheye lens requires much more planning and thought about picture composition than does a conventional lens. The lens not only produces wide angle distortion but it also exaggerates the relative size of objects to conform to its format: objects near the center are bigger than those at the edges, and they show less optical distortion.

Compose.jpg
During practical shooting, the entire field is pushed into the distance and spatial relations are transformed and with a slight shift of the camera, new distortions are created. Technically, although the lens may behave heavily distorted but trust me, try align the center perpendicularly, the distortion can be minimize (I have seen a shot before where I couldn't believe it was Fisheye lens creation). The extraordinary picture angle of 180° can be quite tricky and it may even include yourself into the corners of the picture frame during shooting, so- be careful not to accidentally include in the picture unwanted objects, such as the legs of a tripod or the hands or feet of the photographer.

Under water split image by John Scarlett
The way it is taken: the camera is out of the water, but the two underwater strobes are in the water, illuminating the sea floor. We call this a reverse split.

Credit
: Image courtesy of John Scarlett, whose online PORTFOLIO can be accessed at PBase. Image copyright © 2006. All rights reserved. Please respect the visual property of the contributing photographer.

Specifications

Focal length & lens type
: 16mm, Autofocus Full frame Fisheye-Nikkor, Ai-S type with distance chip (AF-D)
Maximum aperture: f/2.8; Minimum Aperture:- f/22; Lens construction: 8 elements in 5 groups
Picture angle: 180°; Distance scale: Graduated in meters and feet from 0.25m (1 ft ) to infinity (
OO)
Maximum reproduction ratio: 1/10

16mmfisheyeup.jpg

16mmfishsideview.jpg

Distance information: Output into camera body
Aperture scale: f/2.8 to f/22 on both standard and aperture-direct readout scales
Depth of Field Scales: f/8, f/11, f/16 Provided
Diaphragm: Fully automatic
Exposure measurement: Via full-aperture method Mount: Nikon bayonet mount with AF contacts
Filters: L37C, 056, A2 and B2 (Rear-attachment bayonet type);

Dimensions
: Approx. 63mm (2.5 inches) dia. x 57mm (2.2 inches) extension from the camera's lens mounting flange; overall length is approx. 68mm (2.7 inches); Weight: Approx. 285g (l0 oz)
Standard Accessories: Supplied Filters: L37C, A2, B2, O56 and back cap LF-1. Note: Nikon stated Both AF-3 ands AF-4 are NOT compatible.
Optional Accessories: CL-31S (case); Usable Teleconverter(s): TC-201, TC-14As
(again, see
Nikon Teleconverter section for more info on applicable Nikon tele-extender)

Lenscap.jpg
Overall, the lens construction is rigid and the crinkle finished adds a layer of quality feel to the lens. The lens cap is a plastic which does not quite "match" other components that made up the lens. The only obvious physical weakness is at the aperture ring which still project a very plastic feel. Depth of Filed scales has been improved for quick visual inspection for those who needs to operate fast.

Lens Care and Maintenance Guide:

Clean lens surface with a blower brush. To remove dint and smudges, use a soft, clean cotton cloth or lens tissue moistened with ethanol (alcohol) or lens cleaner. Wipe in a circular motion from center to outer edge, taking care not to leave traces and not to touch the other lens pants. If you use ether in cleaning the lens, a smudge sometimes appears on the surface of a multicoated lens. If this happens, wipe it again with a cotton cloth moistened with alcohol.
Never use thinner or benzine to clean the lens.
Keep the lens cap in place whenever the lens is not in use.
If you will not use the lens for a long time, protect it from rust and mold by storing it in a cool, dry place. Also, do not store in direct sunlight, and keep it away from naphthalene or camphor
Be careful not to get the lens wet or drop it in water Water on the lens may cause malfunction
Reinforced plastic is used on the exterior of the lens unit; to avoid damage, take extra care to never leave the lens in an excessively hot place.

Nikon F4 with Fisheye Nikkor 16mm f/2.8D
Nikkor Circular Fisheye Lenses: 6mm - f/2.8 | f/5.6 | 7.5mm f/5.6 | 8mm - f/2.8 | f/8.0 | 10mm OP f/5.6
16mm Full Frame Fisheye Nikkor: | Nikkor Fisheye 16mm f/3.5 Auto | Nikkor Fisheye 16mm f/3.5 Ai | Nikkor Fisheye 16mm f/2.8 Ai | Nikkor Fisheye 16mm f/2.8 Ai-S | AF-Nikkor Fisheye 16mm f/2.8 D |

|
Main Index Page | Fisheye Nikkor Lenses or exploring the AF-Nikkor site (under constant construction)

Manual Focus Nikkor lenses library:- Fisheye-Nikkor Lenses - Circular | Full Frame | Ultrawides Lenses - 13mm15mm18mm20mm | Wideangle Lenses - 24mm28mm35mm | Standard Lenses - 45mm 50mm 58mm | Telephoto Lenses - 85mm105mm135mm180mm & 200mm | Super-Telephoto Lenses - 300mm 400mm 500mm 600mm 800mm 1200mm |

AFNikkor16mmFisheye.jpg
Special Application lenses:
Micro-Nikkor Lenses - 50mm~55mm -60mm 85-105mm 200mm Micro-Zoom 70-180mm
Perspective Control (PC) - 28mm 35mm PC-Micro 85mm
Dedicated Lenses for F3AF: AF 80mm f/2.8 | AF 200mm f/3.5 EDIF
Depth of Field Control (DC): 105mm 135mm
Medical Nikkor: 120mm 200mm
Reflex-Nikkor Lenses - 500mm 1000mm 2000mm
Others: Noct Nikkor | OP-Nikkor | UV Nikkor 55mm 105mm | Focusing Units | Bellows-Nikkor 105mm 135mm
Nikon Series E Lenses: 28mm35mm50mm100mm135mm | E-Series Zoom lenses: 36~72mm75~150mm70~210mm

MF Zoom-Nikkor Lenses: 25~50mm | 28~45mm | 28~50mm | 28~85mm | 35~70mm | 36~72mm E | 35~85mm | 35~105mm | 35~135mm | 35~200mm | 43~86mm | 50~135mm | 50~300mm | 70~210mm E | 75~150mm E | 80~200mm | 85~250mm | 100~300mm | 180~600mm | 200~400mm | 200~600mm | 360~1200mm | 1200~1700mm

Tele-Converters: TC-1 | TC-2 | TC-200 | TC-201 | TC-300 | TC-301 | TC-14 | TC-14A | TC-14B | TC-14C | TC-14E | TC-16 | TC-16A | TC-20E

Main Index Page - Autofocus Nikkor lenses

| Message Board | for your Nikkor Optics in a shared environment
| Message Board | Specifically for Dispose or Looking for new/used Nikon/Nikkor photographic equipment

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Nikon MF RF-Nikkor lenses for Rangefinder cameras:- Main Index Page
Nikon Auto Focus Nikkor lenses:- Main Index Page
Nikon Manual Focus Nikkor lenses:-
Fisheye-Nikkor Lenses - Circular | Full Frame | Ultrawides Lenses - 13mm15mm18mm20mm | Wideangle Lenses - 24mm28mm35mm | Standard Lenses - 45mm 50mm 58mm | Telephoto Lenses - 85mm105mm135mm180mm & 200mm | Super-Telephoto Lenses - 300mm 400mm 500mm 600mm 800mm 1200mm |

Nikkor Link.jpg   Special Application lenses:
Micro-Nikkor Lenses - 50mm~55mm -60mm 85mm -105mm 200mm Micro-Zoom 70-180mm
Perspective Control (PC) - 28mm 35mm PC-Micro 85mm
Dedicated Lenses for Nikon F3AF: AF 80mm f/2.8 | AF 200mm f/3.5 EDIF
Depth of Field Control (DC): 105mm 135mm
Medical Nikkor: 120mm 200mm
Reflex-Nikkor Lenses - 500mm 1000mm 2000mm
Others: Noct Nikkor | OP-Nikkor | UV Nikkor 55mm 105mm | Focusing Units | Bellows-Nikkor 105mm 135mm
Nikon Series E Lenses: 28mm35mm50mm100mm135mm | E-Series Zoom lenses: 36~72mm75~150mm70~210mm


MF Zoom-Nikkor Lenses: 25~50mm | 28~45mm | 28~50mm | 28~85mm | 35~70mm | 36~72mm E | 35~85mm | 35~105mm | 35~135mm | 35~200mm | 43~86mm | 50~135mm | 50~300mm | 70~210mm E | 75~150mm E | 80~200mm | 85~250mm | 100~300mm | 180~600mm | 200~400mm | 200~600mm | 360~1200mm | 1200~1700mm

Tele-Converters: TC-1 | TC-2 | TC-200 | TC-201 | TC-300 | TC-301 | TC-14 | TC-14A | TC-14B | TC-14C | TC-14E | TC-16 | TC-16A | TC-20E

Recommended links to understand more technical details related to the Nikkor F-mount and production Serial Number:
http://rick_oleson.tripod.com/index-153.html by: my friend, Rick Oleson
http://www.zi.ku.dk/personal/lhhansen/photo/fmount.htm by: Hansen, Lars Holst
http://www.mir.com.my/rb/photography/hardwares/nikonfmount/lens2.htm
http://www.photosynthesis.co.nz/nikon/serialno.html

Recommended Reading Reference on Nikon cameras and Nikkor lenses | about this photographic web site

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Credit: To all the good people who has contributed their own experience, resources or those who are kind enough granting us permission to use their images appeared in this site Note:certain content and images appeared in this site were either scanned from official marketing leaflets, brochures, sales manuals or publications published by Nikon over the years and/or contribution from surfers who claimed originality of their work for educational purposes. The creator of the site will not be responsible for may discrepancies arise from such dispute except rectifying them after verification."Nikon", "Nikkormat", "Nippon Kokagu KK" & "Nikkor" are registered tradename of Nikon Corporation Inc., Japan. Site made with an Apple IMac.