The contents here may have some key words here and there in pure photographic term, please refer to our huge Glossary section for cross references.
As a general rule, the closer you get to the subject, the better your pictures will be. Getting close eliminates distracting, unnecessary backgrounds and define your subject clearly.
Thus, before a picture is taken, IDENTIFY your subject of interest first! Think about showing just enough of the scene to make the picture clear and interesting.
This is especially effective where working with human figures - (we didn't suggest this on untamed creatures!)
In the case of P&S, we don't encourage to apply this technique on head & shoulder portraiture where 28mm or 35mm focal length are quite common (unless it's zoom capable). Distortion might arise when work too close with 28mm or 35mm. Anyway, many point-and-shoot cameras cannot focus closer than four feet from the subject. Be sure to check your camera manual to learn the closest distance at which your camera takes sharp pictures.
If your camera have a zoom, zooming close with your lens without having to get close physically to the subject - take the case of kids, you can't expect a kid will enjoy or might react naturally with a camera pointing at him at 3-4 feet away, even though most kids like to take pictures.
Related article: Depth of field
As for the seasoned and creative minds, there are no fix rules in photography. The contents in this site are principally for general users, some of it can be apply effectively on people seriously engaging in the field of photography. People who holds top notch professional camera bodies and exotic big aperture lenses makes simple mistakes like these everyday too, cropping is fine, why can't we avoid these during the moment of tripping the shutter release ?
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