Modern Classic SLR Series
Macro/Close-up Photography with Nikon F2 Series bodies
Microscope Adapters

 

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The British Journal of Photography sums it up best: The Nikon equipment for photomicrography confirms the impression of professionalism given by the rest of the range. The writer [Geoffrey Crawley] used to have a snap method of judgement for restaurants -- this was simply to order a Welsh rarebit. If one had to make a snap judgement on a camera system, the simplest way would be to look at its microscope equipment. This will not tell you whether it makes a good press and reportage camera, but it will indicate to what extent the camera is a fully professional and scientific tool. This photomicrography equipment is a case in point.

Microscope-Camera Adapter Tube

Nikon Description: This simple device fits over any standard microscope eyepiece and utilizes the shutter and viewing system of a Nikon or Nikkormat camera for low power photomicrography. With [this tube], even amateur photographers who own a microscope can take photomicrographs for study or pleasure.

This adapter comes equipped with three filters (yellow, green, and red) and a Type C screen, all neatly packed into a leather case. Thoughtfully, Nikon has included a field lens that projects approximately the center half of the screen across the entire 24 x 36mm format. The tube comes in two pieces; one has a collar on one end, which slips over the microscope eyepiece and has a milled screw to tighten it into place. The other piece, which screws onto the eyepiece collar-end, has a standard male F-bayonet mount.

Microscope-Camera Adapter Model 2

Apparently, this is the same as the previous model (simple optics, using the microscope eyepiece) with some refinements.

In general, all Microflex *FM units: attach to standard microscope eyepieces via a slip-on collar with a locking screw (like the standard adapter tubes)

77109 for stereoscopic microscopes with 36.5mm OD eyepiece
77110 for stereoscopic microscopes with 32.5mm OD eyepiece
77111 for standard microscopes with 25mm OD eyepiece
77112 for standard microscopes with 33mm OD eyepiece accept one of two visual eyepieces via a side port
77055 viewing screen (w/ separate 7x magnifier)
77057 ocular viewfinder require a relay/projection lens fitted to their top port for camera adaptation

77089 bicam adapter (for two 35mm cameras with 39mm Leica thread mount, incorporates a 1/2x relay lens)
77090 1.3x relay/projection lens cone (for 120/220 roll film, Polaroid, and sheet film holders)
77091 1/4x relay/projection C-mount cine adapter (or you could use the hugely impressive 77119 Auto-cine microflex CFMA, with a built-in motorised film transport and otherwise similar to the AFM)
77092 1/2x relay/projection lens (for 35mm cameras)
77089 accepts and exposes two film boxes simultaneously, either:

77137 M35S dark box
77128 M35A auto dark box (motorised version of M35S)
77090 accepts:

77075 120/200 6 x 9cm roll-film adapter
77078 sheet film/photo plate adapter (with 77079 sheet film/photo plate holder)
77077 Polaroid adapter series 40 for Polaroid roll-film
77078 sheet film/photo plate adapter (with 77079 sheet film/photo plate holder)
77080 4x5 Graflok adapter and ground glass, which accepts standard Graflok accessories (4x5 Polaroid, Grafmatic, pack, and other compatible film holders)
77086 Polaroid film pack camera adapter (type 100?)
77092 requires additional adaptation for different lensmounts

77050 provides a male F-bayonet mount
77052 provides a 39mm male Leica thread mount for either:
77137 M35S dark box
77128 M35A auto dark box (motorised version of M35S)

Microflex (FMF)

Nikon Description: The Microflex is used to attach a Nikon or Nikkormat to any standard microscope eyepiece tube for high-quality 35mm photographs of microscopic images. It has its own built-in leaf shutter and X-synchronization contact.

microflex.jpg
Speeds: 1-1/250 sec., B, T (manual)

The Microflex units all feature a built-in rotary leaf shutter to minimize vibration effects while taking pictures. The mirror flopping up and down, not to mention the shutter slamming across the film plane in a standard camera, provides a significant obstacle to critical sharpness at high magnifications. In addition, since the whole setup of microscope + adapter makes it generally inconvient to view through the camera's viewing system, Nikon has provided two different right-angle finders for easier viewing, with the image relayed by a moveable prism. Like the previous adapter tubes, the body of the Microflex incorporates a field lens to project the center portion of the eyepiece's image across the entire 24 x 36mm film frame. Shutter speeds are selected like most leaf shutters, via a rotary control around the Microflex's body.

The actual optical path has the image exit the microscope eyepiece, project through the field lens, and reflect from the prism to one of the two side-mounted finders. The viewing screen adapter is inteded for use with 10x or less objective lenses. It has a 62.5mm (2.5 in.) diameter ground-glass screen, with 24 x 36mm frame lines and a cross etched onto its center. Much like a large-format camera, you may manually check the focus with the provided 7x magnifier. The other finder is a magnifying eyepiece intended for higher-magnification work; the view is similar to that of the previous finder, with the standard frame and cross visible. You must first focus on the cross using the eyepiece's controls, and then you may focus the microscope image as desired.

When taking a picture, a cable release is used to depress a plunger. The release actually moves the prism out of the way first, then it opens the shutter for the appropriate exposure, and returns the prism after the exposure is complete. If desired for either convenience or very critical vibration purposes, the prism may be locked into its out-of-the-way position. Metering may be accomplished by the camera body by setting the shutter to "T" and transferring the shutter speed to the Microflex appropriately.

The original Microflex was designed for the rangefinder S series, but is readily adapted for use with the F via the appropriate lens mount. It is not clear whether the FMF's accessories are interchangeable with the *FM series, since the appropriate camera adapter seems to be a one-piece unit. Complete Microflex systems include: Ground glass finder (and 7x magnifier); focussing finder; microscope eyepiece adapter; Microflex body; camera adapter collar; two cable releases; yellow, orange, and green filters; fitted wooden case

microflex1.jpg
Automatic Microflex AFM (77060)

Speeds:
8-1/125 sec., B, T (manual)
; 600-1/100 sec. (automatic)
Power: 4 "AA" 1.5V batteries (meter and exposure control)

In general, all of Nikon's Microflex units operate in the same way, and differ only in the accessories used and degree of automation. Please refer to the FMF operating instructions.

This is the most sophisticated of the later Microflex units. It automatically sets the shutter speed based the film speeed (set on an external control box), the exposure compensation (by +/- 1/3 stops up to +/- 1 stop, also set on the box), and the meter reading from the built-in meter.

The control box (Nikon 41007) may be divided into left and right halves; the left side has manual shutter speeds selectable via a dial and a shutter release button, while the right side has the automatic controls (ASA 12-3200 dial, and exposure compensation dial). The top of the front plate has a slider switch which selects manual or automatic operation. Batteries are loaded into the right side of the box, and the top has both a flash terminal and a receptacle for the connecting cord. The AFM unit has a combined shutter/battery check button above the engraved "Nikon AFM".

Semi-Automatic Microflex EFM (77085)

Speeds: 1-1/250 sec. (manual, metered); 32-2 sec., B, T (manual)
Power: 1 1.3V mercury battery (PX625)

In general, all of Nikon's Microflex units operate in the same way, and differ only in the accessories used and degree of automation. Please refer to the FMF operating instructions.

The EFM is similar to the AFM but has no external control box. A CdS cell measures the light from the microscope and provides a signal to a metering circuit. By rotating the shutter speed ring until the needle is centered, proper exposure is set. Note that the meter will read only until 1 sec. exposures.

The EFM body has an additional ring above the shutter speed selector for selecting the film speed in use.

Standard Microflex PFM (77070)

Speeds: 1-1/250 sec., B, T (manual); In general, all of Nikon's Microflex units operate in the same way, and differ only in the accessories used and degree of automation. Please refer to the FMF operating instructions.

This was an updated Microflex FMF, designed to be more modular and compatible with other *MF (AMF, EMF, CFMA) accessories.

Multiphot System

Available Lenses: 19mm f/2.8 (RMS thread); 35mm f/4.5 (RMS thread)
65mm f/4.5 (Leica thread); 120mm f/6.3 (Leica thread);
Available Bellows: 4x5 Bellows; 300mm Bellows (for 35mm format); 600mm Bellows (for 35mm format)
Available Illumination: diascopic (illuminated from below); episcopic (illuminated from above)

Nikon Description: A pair of upright columns on a heavy 500 x 500mm base holds a moveable H-shaped guide rail which provides rock-solid, vibration-free support for a Nikon F2 or Nikkormat camera, large format camera up to 4 x 5", cine-camera, bellows, or other equipment. Four different high-resolution macro lenses are available to cover magnifications ranging from 1/3x to 40x. Diascopic illuminators, condensers, bellows units, and a variety of other accessories make the Multiphot a highly versatile tool. Originally designed for macroscopic research on tissues and internal organs, it has other applications in macrophotography, photomicrography, cinemicrography, copying, and close-up photography.

Although it is far too crude to say so, the Multiphot is essentially a bellows turned on end with some nifty illumination systems and the capability to acoccomodate 35mm, 120/220 rollfilm (6x9cm), Polaroid, or 4x5 film formats. The heart of the system is the massive stand, with a base 50 x 500 x 500mm, a dampening sheet on top of the base, and two uprights which carry a H-shaped guide rail (similar to the PB-6 focussing rail), which may be moved through a travel of 285mm via an crank mounted on the uprights. Illumination systems are placed on the base, which has two levelling screws. The lower standard of the guide rail serves as a lens mount for the four Macro-Nikkors. A revolving knuckle may be mounted to tilt the axis of the bellows up to 90 degrees from vertical; it is calibrated in 2 degree increments.

Each Macro-Nikkor comes with a condenser lens which fits into the diascopic illuminator and projects the light appropriate for each lens. The 35 and 65mm lenses also have available lieberkuehn (cone-shaped) or half-reflecting mirrors which appear to fit between the front of the lens and the diascopic illuminator. An adapter ring is required for each lens to connect to the lower standard.

Either a 300 or 600mm bellows may be mounted between the lower standard and an optional F-adapter, which serves as an upper standard for the guide rail. This adapter has a male F-bayonet mount on it, so it accepts F-mount cameras directly.

The 4x5 Bellows is used with a 4x5 mirror reflex housing, which acts in a manner similar to the Microflex for 35mm systems, incorporating a side-viewing port (for a ground-glass screen) and requiring a holder which may be used with standard Graflok accessories. This holder may be interchanged with a widget called a "FM Ring", which allows the use of accessories normally used with the 77090 Cone Adapter (i.e. Polaroid 100 back, 6x9cm roll-film adapter, sheet film holder, etc.).

| Previous | NEXT | 8/11: Macro: Copy Stands, Focusing Stage, Bellow Nikkor Lenses

| Extension Rings & Tubes Part I & Part II | Bellow Units Part I, Part II, Part III | Close-Up Attachment lenses | Microscope Adaptors | Copy Stands | Medical / Bellows Nikkor | Cable Releases | Cases & compartments | Eyepiece Accessories | DH-1 Charger | Miscellaneous | Micro-Nikkor Lenses | Macro flash Units |

| Back | Main Index Page of Macro/Micro/Close-Ups Photography

System Accessories: Motor Drives / Prisms / Screens / Macro / Film Backs / Flash Other Accessories: DS-1 / DS-2 / DS-12 / eyepiece / DH-1 / cases / Cable releases / Miscellaneous
| History & Background | Semi-FAQ | Various Features and Functions - 6 Parts |

| Message Board | for your favourite Nikon F2 Series SLR model(s)
| Message Board | for your Nikon Optics in a shared environment
| Message Board | Specifically for Dispose or Looking for Nikon/Nikkor Photographic Equipment

| Back | to Main Index Page of Nikon F2 Series SLR models
| Back | Main Index Page of Pictorial History of Nikon SLRs

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The Eyes of Nikon:-
Nippon Kogaku KK Rangefinder RF-Nikkor lenses:- Main Index Page
Nikon Auto Focus Nikkor lenses:- Main Index Page
Nikon Manual Focus Nikkor lenses- Main Index Page

Fisheye-Nikkor Lenses - Circular | Full Frame | Ultrawides Lenses - 13mm15mm18mm20mm | Wideangle Lenses - 24mm28mm35mm |
Standard
Lenses -
45mm 50mm 58mm | Telephoto Lenses - 85mm105mm135mm180mm & 200mm |
Super-Telephoto
Lenses - 300mm 400mm 500mm 600mm 800mm 1200mm |
Special Application lenses:
Micro-Nikkor Lenses - 50mm~55mm -60mm 85mm -105mm 200mm Micro-Zoom 70-180mm
Perspective Control (PC) - 28mm 35mm PC-Micro 85mm
Dedicated Lenses for Nikon F3AF: AF 80mm f/2.8 | AF 200mm f/3.5 EDIF
Depth of Field Control (DC): 105mm 135mm
Medical Nikkor: 120mm 200mm
Reflex-Nikkor Lenses - 500mm 1000mm 2000mm
Others: Noct Nikkor | OP-Nikkor | UV Nikkor 55mm 105mm | Focusing Units | Bellows-Nikkor 105mm 135mm
Nikon Series E Lenses: 28mm35mm50mm100mm135mm | E-Series Zoom lenses: 36~72mm75~150mm70~210mm
MF Zoom-Nikkor Lenses: 25~50mm | 28~45mm | 28~50mm | 28~85mm | 35~70mm | 36~72mm E | 35~85mm | 35~105mm | 35~135mm |
35~200mm | 43~86mm | 50~135mm | 50~300mm | 70~210mm E | 75~150mm E | 80~200mm | 85~250mm |
100~300mm | 180~600mm | 200~400mm | 200~600mm | 360~1200mm | 1200~1700mm

Tele-Converters: TC-1 | TC-2 | TC-200 | TC-201 | TC-300 | TC-301 | TC-14 | TC-14A | TC-14B | TC-14C | TC-14E | TC-16 | TC-16A | TC-20E

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Nikon F
| Nikon F2 | Nikon F3 | Nikon F4 | Nikon F5 | Nikon F6 | Nikkormat / Nikomat |
Nikon FM
| Nikon FE/ FA | Nikon EM/FG/FG20 | Nikon Digital SLRs | Nikon - Other models

MIR Supports for Photographic Community: Various Message Boards/Community Forums
Nikon F-series| Nikon F2-series| Nikon F3-series| Nikon F4-series| Nikon F5-series|Nikkormat/Nikomat-series
Nikon FM-series
|Nikon FE-series|Nikon FA|Nikon Digital SLR series|Various Nikon Models|Nikkor Optic -shared

Others:- Free Trade Zone - Photography| Free Trade Zone - Business Community |Free To Zouk - Photographic Community
Apple's
Mac Public Community Message Board | Windows based PC & Apple/Mac Public Community Trade Exchange Centre

Recommended links to understand more technical details related to the Nikkor F-mount and production Serial Number:
http://rick_oleson.tripod.com/index-153.html by: my friend, Rick Oleson
http://www.zi.ku.dk/personal/lhhansen/photo/fmount.htm by: Hansen, Lars Holst
http://www.mir.com.my/rb/photography/hardwares/nikonfmount/lens2.htm
http://www.photosynthesis.co.nz/nikon/serialno.html

About this photographic site.

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Copyright © 2000. leofoo ®. MIR Web Development Team.

In memory of my friend Com. Augusto Staut, Brazil, 1971-2000.

Credit: Chuck Hester, US for his patience, encouragement and help to setup the various content in this site; Robert Johnson for some of his original images on the F2H-MD appeared in this site; my ex-staff, KiaSu for his superb 3-D logo appeared in this Nikon F2 site; Marc Vorgers from Holland who generously provide me with some of his images of F2AS; MCLau®, who has so much time with me to re-edit the content in this site and not to mention buying a Nikon Coolpix 990 just for this site. Keat Photo, Kuala Lumpur for providing their Nikon F2A to take some images for this site; again, Mr Edward Ngoh the great camera collector who provides us his collection of F2AS with MD-2; hawkeye.photographic.com for their images on the Speed Magny film backs; Sean Cranor for his image on Nikon F2 25th Anniversary Model; Ted Wengelaar®, Holland for his continuous flow of input on some of the early Nikon bodies; CYLeow ® , photo editor of the Star newspaper, Malaysia for some of his images used in this site. Ms Rissa Chan, Sales manager from Shriro Malaysia who has helped to provide some of the very useful input. HiuraShinsaku®, Nikomat ML, Japan for some of his images on various F2 models; my staff, Wati, Maisa, Mai and my nephew, EEWyn®, who volunteered and helping me did so many of the film scanning works. Contributing photographers or resellers: Jen Siow, Foo KokKin, Arthur Teng, Mark Fallander, John Ishii, Ed Hassel, YoonKi Kim, Jean-Louis, M.Dugentas (Dell Corner.com.), Mr "Arsenall" and a few images mailed in from surfers with no appropriate reference to their origin. Dedicated to KU Yeo, just to express our mutual regrets over the outcome of a recent corporate event. Made with a PowerMac, broadcast with a Redhat Linux powered server.

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