Nikon AF SB-24 TTL Speedlight
Along with the extremely compact electronic TTL capable AF SB-23, SB-24 was also introduced in 1988 to supplement the AF-Nikon F801 (N8808 in US). The F-801 has a few very interesting feature in its design at the time of its introduction. Other than a high speed 3.3 fps built-in power drive, the AF Nikon is equipped with a fast 1/250 sec. flash sync speed which for the first time, offers Matrix-metered TTL fill-in flash and second curtain sync in a Nikon camera. For the first few months, the F-801 was seemed like a preview to showcase a possible how the next generation of the professional class Nikon SLR after the Nikon F3 will look like.
Credit: Image courtesy of Mr. Jochem Wijnands ®. Jochem is a professional photographer and has an excellent online portfolio on his own and you may also contact via his email. Image copyright © 2003. All rights reserved. Please respect the visual property of the contributing photographer.
This remarkable Nikon SB-24 TTL Speedlight offers TTL flash control on most TTL-capable Nikon bodies. It has many advanced features such as Matrix and Center-Weighted filled-in flash, TTL automatic flash control, Full power TTL manual flash control with multiple auto settings (five power levels), six apertures settings in automatic flash,direct and diffusion of power, repeating/stroboscopic flash capabilities, manual overriding, AF assist infrared beam for low or even total darkness shooting and a built-in variable zoom head for focal length control. The SB-24 can synchronize with up to four additional flashes. Head tilts from -7 degrees below horizontal up to 90 degrees above horizontal, and rotates -270 degrees to plus 180 degrees clockwise.
While the F-801 was debuted earlier (mid-1988), the subsequent pro-calibre Nikon F4 which introduced late that year in 1988 and immediately, all the essential technical features found in the amazing SB-24 can be fully realized immediately with the Nikon F4 - or in another words, Nikon F4 has a readily available high performance flash for photographers immediately when it was debuted.
Credit: Image of SB-24 courtesy of Mr. Ju Chung or user name "ITfavourite"® <email@example.com> at his Ebay Store. His popular Ebay Store are selling many interesting used photo equipment. Image copyright © 2003. All rights reserved. Please respect the visual property of the contributing photographer.
How various exposure modes in Nikon F4/F801(s) affect its functions
Instruction Manual for Nikon SB24 Speedlight
in PDF format (EXTERNAL LINK)
Similarly, with the Nikon F4 series and other capable Nikon bodies introduced at a much later stages, rear curtain sync and Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash with the later Nikon AF cameras such as Nikon F5, F100, F90x, F85, PRONEA 600i or F70 etc. with any AF-Nikkor CPU lens*. With F4-series, F-801s, F-601, F50 or F-401x and a CPU lense **, it synchronizes well to be used as a dedicated Speedlight for Matrix Balanced Fill-Flash. But the SB-24 does not support other popular features found in other later Nikon bodies introduced after F90(x), such as red eye reduction, FP high speed flash sync, 3D Matrix Multi-Sensor Balance-Fill flash, cordless slave remote function etc.
In order to accommodate all the sophisticated features, this features-rich Nikon AF Speedlight has to make use of a LCD display system helps to aid photographer to control all its various sophisticated functions. Incidentally, the SB-24 was also the first Nikon electronic Speedlight that carries a LCD display.
The indigo colour backlit LCD display provides 7 sections in relation to its functions:
1. Flash mode area (A/M/Strobe/TTL/Automatic exp. correction).
2. Manual exposure compensation indicator and bar graph.
3. Film speed/Strobe frequency indicator (in Hz).
4. Flash covering distance bar graph (in m and ft).
5. Zoom head indicator (in mm).
6. Aperture display.
7. Manual flash intensity compensation indicator.
* "CPU" lenses refer to those AF Nikkor, AF-I Nikkor, IX-Nikkor or Ai-P Nikkor lenses which feature a built-in microcomputer and CPU contacts. ** With F4-series, Manual Focus Ai-S or Ai Nikkor lenses are also usable.
The tiny light sensor that locates at the front of the flash provides non-TTL auto flash photography. The AF-Illuminator with IR-LED is for handling AF-assist focusing in low-light situations and it is automatically turned on by any AF Nikon camera. When using Continuous AF-Servo or Manual mode, the AF assist function will not be operative. But with certain capable Nikon SLRs, it will automatically activates. Depending on camera models, manual flash can be in TTL or full manual with adjustment to its light intensity as well. Flash Compensation> when used the SB-24 on 8808s/F90(x) and other Nikon bodies that follows + a SB-24 (or 25, SB-26 that follows) automatic flash compensation may occur. In high contrast situations (outdoors) no compensation is used. In low-contrast situations, compensation may be reduced. Manual flash compensation occurs when you make the head/shoulders symbol on the SB-24/25 flash. Dial in +1 to -3 compensation. This overrides any automatic compensation. Note: red-eyes reduction is not provided in the SB-24.
Nikon SB-24 Flash / speedlight compatibility chart with various Nikon cameras.
Source: Nikon Europe
One of the main advantage presents in Nikon flash photographic system is forward and backward system compatibility. All Nikon AF Speedlights can be used on all Nikon SLRs individually and/or in combination. In a typical complex direct/off-camera multiple flash setup, all flash units can still retaining full metering and exposure control with virtually all Nikon AF SLRs. The connection depends on whether what you intend to achieve, they can be direct and/or via flash coupler(s), slave units as well as TTL sync cords.
The flash can be regarded as the first Nikon AF-TTL super-flash and has really leapfrogged Nikon into the catabult of being the pioneer in flash technologies At the time of its introduction, the many embedded functions in features that centered around TTL-Matrix fill flash and secondary supporting features such as full featured, all information LCD control panel, rear curtain sync, automatic zoom heads, flash exposure compensation, multi-sync terminals, auto/manual override control and the ability to accept a few external power sources has opened up many possibilities in flash photography never be able to experience before in a Nikon system. The F801 and the F4 series were the first batch of Nikon bodies that have truly benefited from the SB-24, the camera/flash combinations can interface each other in flash exposure control and a viewfinder signals system to alert and inform photographer of the status of the flash and/or exposure during shooting. The fill-flash is the main "essence" and selling point for the flash (and for the related Nikon camera as a whole) it is a function that balance the flash output with the ambient light for optimal, natural photography and everything is set automatically when a capable Nikon body/lense/flash is used in combination with various exposure modes set in the camera. However, the only issue is (apply to other flash unit), the SB-24 operates with each Nikon AF camera body differently (it is more simple when used with a MF Nikon), however, if your expectation is just only confined to autofocus only, that is more straight forward and easier but if , say if you are using an older Nikon AF SLR such as F401 or F601 etc. many of the advance features the flash offer may not be applicable and functional to work with those bodies, so be very alert of what can your camera offers first with this flash before commit to give yourself a threat. The SB-24 was eventually replaced with Nikon SB-25 TTL Speedlight in 1993 with some enhanced flash features to support some of the newer series of Nikon SLR cameras.
Specifications for Nikon SB-24 TTL AF Speedlight
Electronic construction: Automatic silicon-controlled rectifier and series circuitry
Flash exposure control: TTL automatic control with Nikon F5, F100, Nikon F4-series, F90(x), F-801s, F80 series, F70, F-601s, F501, F-401x with any AF-Nikkor CPU** lense. Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash with the later Nikon AF cameras such as Nikon F5, F100, F90(x), F80 series, PRONEA 600i or F70 etc. with any AF-Nikkor CPU lense * Note: 3D Multi-Sensor is not possible with older Nikon bodies. * "CPU" lenses refer to those AF Nikkor, AF-I Nikkor, IX-Nikkor or Ai-P Nikkor lenses which feature a built-in microcomputer and CPU contacts. ** With F4-series, Manual Focus Ai-S or Ai Nikkor lenses are also usable.
Manual control: full output (5 manual settings from full power down to 1/16 output.
Flash Range: 0.6 to 20m (2 to 65ft)
Operating Modes: TTL, Auto, Manual and Strobe. 6 settings from f/2.0 to f/11 (ISO 100) in automatic mode.
Guide number (ISO 100, in): 118 (ft), 36 (m)
Angle of coverage: 78° horizontal and 60° vertical 24mm wideangle lense; also supports 24mm, 28mm, 35mm, 50mm, 70mm, and 85mm coverage.
Flash working range: 0.6 to 18m (2.0 ft ~ 65 ft.) with indicative increments in 0.6, 0.8, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 13 and 18m
Film speed range in TTL auto flash mode: ISO 25 to 1000 with Nikon F4-series, F90(x), F-801s, F70, F-601s, F50 or F-401x; with F-401s and older: ISO 25 to 400.
Recycling time: Approx. 7 seconds minimum (full discharge)
Credit: Image of SB-24 courtesy of Mr. James Lee® <firstname.lastname@example.org>. Image copyright © 2003. All rights reserved. Please respect the visual property of the contributing photographer.
Far left: Rear/Front / Normal curtain sync switch
Far right: A/M/Stroboscopic/TTL slide switch
Zoom button: controls increments from: 24, 28, 35, 50, 70 and 85 mm. Loops back to 24 at 85 mm).
M button: controls two functions - ON/OFF automatic flash intensity compensation or to select the flash intensity manually from 1/1 to 1/16 in 1/1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8 or 1/16.
SEL button provides few purposes: 1) Film speed settings (manual film speed from 6, 8, 10, 12, 16, 20, 25, 32, 40, 50, 64, 80, 100, 125, 160, 200, 250, 320, 400, 500, 640, 880, 1000, 1250, 1600, 2000, 2500, 3200, 4000, 5000 and 6400; 2) manual exposure compensation under Matrix/Center-weighted and/or Manual flash.
Increase button: for increasing film speed settings and/or aperture value
Decrease button: for stepping down film speed settings and/or aperture value
others: LCD on/off switch; Flash ready LED/Flash test push button, power off/standby/on for Main "Stby": Standby mode
One interesting aspect in terms of design of the SB-24 is centered at the flash head. It can zoom, maneuvered at all directions, the flash head can tilt up and swivels for bounce lighting to any angle (which includes 180° backward). There are two sync terminal which can also make use for off-camera and/or connections with other Nikon Speedlights in a multiple flash photography setup. The infra-beam emission/receiving capability also enable the Speedlight to run as master and/or secondary flash via Wireless Slave Flash Controller SU-4. Note: TTL remote or TTL multi-flash sync cords and AS-10 Adapter (If using more than three flash units)
1 / 1
1 / 2
1 / 4
1 / 8
1 / 16
Zoom head settings: 24mm, 28mm, 35mm, 50mm, 70mm, and 85mm coverage (automatic power zoom)
Number of flashes: Approx. 100 at full manual with alkaline-manganese, 40 with NiCd and between 200-400 with the SD-7 battery pack.
AF-Assist Illuminator: Automatically fires LED beam toward subject when performing autofocus with all Nikon AF SLRs which includes Nikon F4-series, F90(x), F-801s, F70, F-601s, F50 or F-401x in insufficient light. But not operative in Continuous servo mode and manual control.
Power source: Four 1.5V AA-type alkaline-manganese or NiCd AA batteries or SD-7 battery pack
Dimensions (without mounting foot): Approx. 80mm x 131mm x 100mm (approx. 3.1" x 5.1" x 3.9")
Weight (without batteries): Approx. 390g (13.7 oz)
Other features: Ready-light, rear curtain sync with capable Nikon AF SLRs; accumulator connectors for external power pack and TTL-Multi-Flash connector. Light sensor for auto flash; IR-LED for AF-assist for handling light in low-light situations but not operative when using Continuous AF-Servo or Manual mode.
Credit: Image of SB-24 courtesy of Mr. Kevin "sales1fastcashpawn"® <email@example.com>. Second image from left courtesy of Mr. Gordon Nash <firstname.lastname@example.org> of www.mauiwedding.net. Both images copyright © 2003. All rights reserved. Please respect the visual property of the contributing photographer.
Accessory provided: Soft Case SS-24
Alternative source:- Download a free instruction manual in PDF (3.4MB), courtesy of Mr. Jim/ lensinc.ltd. pls send a thank you note on my behalf.
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Main Index Pages for Nikon Flash Photography with Nikon F4 and others:
| Part I | Part II | Part III |
Nikon AF-TTL Speedlights | SB-20 (1986) | SB-22 (1987) | SB-23 | SB-24 (1988) | SB-25 (1991/2) | SB-26 (1994) | SB-27(1997) | SB-28 (1997) | Nikon SB-29(s) (2000) | Nikon SB-30 (2003) | Nikon SB-600 (2004) | Nikon SB-800 (2003)
Nikon AF-TTL Speedlight DX-Series: Nikon SB-28DX (1999) | SB-50DX (2001) | SB-80DX (2002) (updated)
Nikon BC-flash Series | Original Nikon Speedlight
SB-2 | SB-3 | SB-4 | SB-5 | SB-6 | SB-7E | SB-8E | SB-9 | SB-E | SB-10
SB-11 | SB-12 | SB-14 | SB-140 UV-IR| SB-15 | SB16A | SB-17 | SB-18, SB-19 | SB-21A (SB-29) Macro flash | Flash Accesories | SF-1 Pilot Lamp
The Camera Body - Features | Reliability | Focusing | Metering | Exposure Control | Lense Compatibility| Various Power Sources | Interchangeable Prisms | Data Film Backs | Focusing Screens | Flash Photography | Other system accessories | Cases for Nikon F4 Series | Remote Control |
| Specification | Main Reference Map | Nikon F4 Variants
Instruction Manual: PDF (4.5M) - External Link
| BACK | to Main Index Page Nikon F4 Series SLR camera Models
| Message Board | for Nikon F4 Series SLR model(s)
| Message Board | for your Nikon Optics in a shared environment
| Message Board | Specifically for Dispose or Looking for Nikon/Nikkor Photographic Equipment
| Back | to Pictorial History of Nikon SLR / rangefinders / Nikonos / digital cameras.
Nikon F | Nikon F2 | Nikon F3 | Nikon F4 | Nikon F5 | Nikon F6 | Nikkormat / Nikomat | Nikon FM | Nikon FE/ FA | Nikon EM/FG/FG20 | Nikon Digital SLRs | Nikon - Other models
Nikon Auto Focus Nikkor lenses:- Main Index Page
Nikon Manual Focus Nikkor lenses:- Fisheye-Nikkor Lenses - Circular | Full Frame | Ultrawides Lenses - 13mm15mm18mm20mm | Wideangle Lenses - 24mm28mm35mm | Standard Lenses - 45mm 50mm 58mm | Telephoto Lenses - 85mm105mm135mm180mm & 200mm | Super-Telephoto Lenses - 300mm 400mm 500mm 600mm 800mm 1200mm |
Special Application lenses:
Micro-Nikkor Lenses - 50mm~55mm -60mm 85mm -105mm 200mm Micro-Zoom 70-180mm
Perspective Control (PC) - 28mm 35mm PC-Micro 85mm
Dedicated Lenses for Nikon F3AF: AF 80mm f/2.8 | AF 200mm f/3.5 EDIF
Depth of Field Control (DC): 105mm 135mm
Medical Nikkor: 120mm 200mm
Reflex-Nikkor Lenses - 500mm 1000mm 2000mm
Others: Noct Nikkor | OP-Nikkor | UV Nikkor 55mm 105mm | Focusing Units | Bellows-Nikkor 105mm 135mm
Nikon Series E Lenses: 28mm35mm50mm100mm135mm | E-Series Zoom lenses: 36~72mm75~150mm70~210mm
MF Zoom-Nikkor Lenses: 25~50mm | 28~45mm | 28~50mm | 28~85mm | 35~70mm | 36~72mm E | 35~85mm | 35~105mm | 35~135mm | 35~200mm | 43~86mm | 50~135mm | 50~300mm | 70~210mm E | 75~150mm E | 80~200mm | 85~250mm | 100~300mm | 180~600mm | 200~400mm | 200~600mm | 360~1200mm | 1200~1700mm
Tele-Converters: TC-1 | TC-2 | TC-200 | TC-201 | TC-300 | TC-301 | TC-14 | TC-14A | TC-14B | TC-14C | TC-14E | TC-16 | TC-16A | TC-20E
Recommended links to understand more technical details related to the Nikkor F-mount and production Serial Number:
http://rick_oleson.tripod.com/index-153.html by: my friend, Rick Oleson
http://www.zi.ku.dk/personal/lhhansen/photo/fmount.htm by: Hansen, Lars Holst
W A R N I N G: The New G-SERIES Nikkor lenses have no aperture ring on the lense, they when operating in manual exposure control even with certain earlier AF Nikon SLR camera models. Similarly, not ALL features provide in a modern AF-S series AF-Nikkor lenses can be utilized fully with a Nikon F4. Please refer to your local distributor for compatibility issue(s).
PLEASE NOTE: Complimentary links are appreciative but it is not necessary, I have limited bandwidth here in this server... So, PLEASE don't distribute this URL to any bulk mailing list or unrelated user-groups, just be a little considerate, thank you. (The more you distribute, the slower this server will response to your requests...). I am NOT a Nikon nor Nikkor expert, so don't send me any mails, use the Message Board Instead. While the content prepared herein should be adequate for anyone to understand and evaluate whether you should invest into a used Nikon F4 pro-camera system for your kind of photography. Well, IF you like what you have seen so far, please help to perfect this site by reporting any broken links or any errors made.
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Credit: Chuck Hester, US for his patience, encouragement and help to setup the various content in this site; Robert Johnson for some of his original images on the F2H-MD appeared in this site; my ex-staff, KiaSu for his superb 3-D logo appeared in this Nikon F2 site; Marc Vorgers from Holland who generously provide me with some of his images of F2AS; MCLau®, who has so much time with me to re-edit the content in this site and not to mention buying a Nikon Coolpix 990 just for this site; Paul Armstrong (email@example.com) for his explantion of the FF2 Slidemagic and Nikon F2 Pin Camera Keat Photo, Kuala Lumpur for providing their Nikon F2A to take some images for this site; Mr Edward Ngoh the great camera collector who provides us his collection of F2AS with MD-2; hawkeye.photographic.com for their images on the Speed Magny film backs; Sean Cranor for his image on Nikon F2 25th Anniversary Model; Ted Wengelaar®, Holland for his continuous flow of input on some of the early Nikon bodies; Genesis-Camera for granting permission to use an image of the SS-F2 camera; Mr Sover Wong, Australia for those great images of his rare F2 Gold;CYLeow ®, photo editor of the Star newspaper, Malaysia for some of his images used in this site. Ms Rissa Chan, Sales manager from Shriro Malaysia who has helped to provide some of the very useful input. HiuraShinsaku®, Nikomat ML, Japan for some of his images on various F2 models; my staff, Wati, Maisa, Mai and my nephew, EEWyn®, who volunteered and helping me did so many of the film scanning works; Hong-sien Kwee of Singapore for all the Nikon F2 Pin camera images appeared in this site; Luigi Crescenzi for many of his images on the Nikon F2 Titan; John for two of his images of the Nikon F2/T used in this site; Contributing photographers or resellers: Jen Siow, Foo KokKin, Arthur Teng, Mark Fallander, John Ishii, Ed Hassel, YoonKi Kim, Jean-Louis, M.Dugentas (Dell Corner.com.), Mr "Arsenall", Yang Zi Xiong and a few images mailed in from surfers with no appropriate reference to their origin. Note:certain content and images appeared in this site were either scanned from official marketing leaflets, brochures published by Nikon and/or contribution from surfers who claimed originality of their own work to publish in this site based on educational merits. The creator of this site will not be responsible for any discrepancies that may arise from such possible dispute except rectifying them after verification."Nikon", "Nikkormat", "Nippon Kokagu KK" & "Nikkor" are registered tradename of Nikon Corporation Inc., Japan. A site made with an Apple IMac.