Classic SLRs Series :
Shutter Priority AE (S) Mode
You set the shutter speed manually and the FA's microcomputer automatically selects the matching aperture for you - just a reverse sequence as with Nikon traditional aperture priority AE. This mode is good for stopping fast action and required when motion is an important factor in your pictures, such as in sports photography or slow shutter speed to portray a sense of movement in the picture.
Setting up your FA for shutter priority AE, just follow the few simple steps:
1. Set the mode selector to S.
2. Set the lens to its minimum aperture (Largest f-number, in orange coded numeral if your lens is a AI-S Nikkor lens.
3. Set the shutter speed dial to the desired shutter speed. The numbers on the dial are reciprocals, e.g., 4000 means 1/4000 sec, 125 means 1/125 sec. etc. The 250 engraved in red indicates the fastest sync speed for an electronic flash unit (Slower speed than this can be used). Each setting has a click stop; however, intermediate settings cannot be used.
4. Confirm that automatic multi-pattern metering is in operation by making sure that the metering control button is in the normal "out" position and the red index is not on top.
5. Look through the viewfinder and check the exposure - information. The shutter speed you set is shown at the upper right-hand corner. When the shutter release button is depressed halfway, the LCD at the upper left-hand corner shows the aperture (a number preceded by F) selected by the camera to match the shutter speed you selected.
If the LCD shows the shutter speed (a number without F), this means you cannot obtain the correct exposure at the shutter speed you selected and the camera is overriding your choice by automatically selecting a slower or faster shutter speed.
With an AI-modified Nikkor lens, Nikon Teleconverter TC-200, TC-300 or TC-14, PK ring or bellows attachment attached, the LCD shows F--, instead of the aperture selected by the camera. In the same way, a shutter speed will appear instead of the F--, if the camera automatically modifies the shutter speed you selected to obtain correct exposure.
There is no cause for concern, as you are in a program mode and the camera is setting or overiding if there could be a possible exposure user set error. This is in line with the programmed mode's over, under exposures or a user has set an aperture other than the minimum aperture value on the lens.
Warning Indications (In some cases where the LCD shown with these warning letters):
If the LCD shows 'Hi', this means the scene is too-bright, indicating over-exposure may occur. In this case, use a neutral density (ND) filter (with different grades); a polorizer will take in extra 2 stops and see if it helps or change to a slower speed film.
If the LCD displays 'Lo', this means the scene is too dark, indicating under-exposure may occur. Use an artificial light source e.g. electronic flash, change to faster speed film or remounting a faster lens speed lens and see if it helps.
If the LCD shows 'FEE', this means the aperture ring is not set at the smallest aperture(largest f-number) on the lens. Reset the lens to its minimum aperture. When using an AI-modified Nikkor lens, a Nikon Teleconverter TC-200, TC-300, or TC-14, or a PK ring, this warning will not appear. But you can still adjust until the 'HI' disappears and correct exposure can still be obtained, the compromise is, the operative metering range will be reduced. Anyway, as far as shutter priority AE with the FA is concerned, use the AI-S (AF as well) and remember to set the aperture value to its minimum (Maximum f-number), the AF lenses works perfectly well in the shutter priority and has the advantage of enabling you to lock the smallest aperture.
Note: In the S mode, the mechanical speed settings in M250 and B settings cannot be used. (To prevent accidental missetting of the dial, a locking mechanism is provided.)
Shutter Speed/Aperture Combinations in S Mode The graph shows the shutter speed/aperture combinations in the S mode at ASA/ISO 100. The red line represents an AI-S or Al-Nikkor 50mm f/1.4 lens at a shutter speed of 1/125 sec., while the black line is for the same lens used at 1/30 sec. The green line represents the control where the aperture ring is set by mistake to settings other than the minimum aper ture (in this case, f/5.6). So id lines represent the usable metering range for the lens when automatic multi-pattern metering is in use, solid and dotted lines show the usable metering range with center-weighted metering.
Credit: (Programmed illustration below are adopted from the Nikon FA's instruction manual supplied by Miss Rissa, Shriro Malaysia - the local Nikon distributor, you may use it as a reference for discussion purposes)
Lenses Compatibility Issues in this mode
1)The following lenses cannot be used in the P and S modes:
- Zoom Nikkor 50-300mm f/4 5 ED (older AI Type without orange minimum aperture on ADR scale)
- AI modified Micro Nikkor 105mm f/4
2) In the S mode, if an aperture of f/11 or smaller is selected the following AI Nikkor (including AI-modified) lenses may cause approx one step slower shutter speeds than those indicated by the shutter speed indication or by the LCD in the viewfinder; however, you will still get the acceptably good exposure. In case exact shutter speed information is desired, use the A or M mode The lenses are:
Nikkor 24mm f/2
Nikkor 28mm f/2
Nikkor 35mm f/1 4
Nikkor 35mm f/2
Nikkor 35mm f/2.8
Nikkor 50mm f/1.2
Nikkor 50mm f/1.8
Nikkor 50mm f/2
Nikkor 55mrn f/1.2
Noct Nikkor 58mm f/12
Nikkor 105mm f/2.5 (The same thing happens with this lens at apertures between f5.6 and f/16)
Nikkor 135mm f2.8
Nikkor 200mm f4
3) When using a Nikon teleconverter TC 200, TC 300, or TC 14, the shutter speed may vary by approx one step from that displayed in the viewfinder. However, you will still obtain the correct exposure.
Warning: There is no clear indication where the Nikon FA has mentioned (Even in the camera manual) that you cannot use the AI lenses in this mode, these data are mere reference or in situation where speed control is essential. But for a seasoned photographer, you can still achive similar result or effect in the more compatible aperture priority mode. The AI-S lenses has other improvement (And compromises) over the AI version. Most noticeable was the AI-S lenses are more compact and the NIC coating are different from the AI version.
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Special Application lenses:
Micro-Nikkor Lenses - 50mm~55mm -60mm 85mm -105mm 200mm Micro-Zoom 70-180mm
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Dedicated Lenses for Nikon F3AF: AF 80mm f/2.8 | AF 200mm f/3.5 EDIF
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Others: Noct Nikkor | OP-Nikkor | UV Nikkor 55mm 105mm | Focusing Units | Bellows-Nikkor 105mm 135mm
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Other Technical Issues Relating to Nikon FA
Camera Instruction Manual - HTML | PDF (1.4 MB)
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The AI-S Nikkors (related info | TTL OTF Flash Metering | Interchangeable Focusing Screens. The MD-15/MD12/MD11 Motor Drives | 3rd party Power Winder (new) | Flash Units - | SB-15 | SB-10 | SB-16B & Other Options | Databacks | Titanium Shutter | Variation : Mr Y K Wong from Singapore contributing 11 images of his Nikon FA GOLD
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W A R N I N G: The New G-SERIES Nikkor lenses have no aperture ring on the lens, they CANNOT ADJUST APERTURES with any of these manual focus Nikon FE series SLR camera models; please ignore some portion of the content contained herein this site where it relates.
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A contributing effort to Michael C Liu's Classic Nikon Site.
Credit: Chuck Hester for some of his beautiful images used in this site; Ted Wengelaar®, Holland for his continuous flow of input; Lars Holst Hansen, Danish 'Hawkeye' who shares the same passion; Mr Poon from Poon photo for their input; Ms Miss Rissa (Sales Manager) & members of the Technical Service dept. of Shriro Malaysia, local distributor of Nikon cameras in Malaysia & Singapore, in providing so many useful input to make this site possible. Special thanks to Mr MC Lau, who has helped with his images of the MF-12 databack. Michael Tan, Pertama Photo (603-2926505) for lending his original Titanium Shutter Display Unit. Dave Hoyt who has prepared the introductory page and offer some images of his FE2 in this site.. Hiura Shinsaku, Nikomat ML, Japan for his contribution on all the various images; A contributing site to a long lost friend on the Net. Note: Certain content and images appeared in this site were either scanned from official marketing leaflets, brochures published by Nikon and/or contribution from surfers who claimed originality of their own work to publish in this site based on educational merits. The creator of this site will not be responsible for any discrepancies that may arise from such possible dispute except rectifying them after verification."Nikon", "Nikkormat", "Nippon Kokagu KK" & "Nikkor" are registered tradename of Nikon Corporation Inc., Japan. Made witha PowerMac.