Classic SLRs Series :
Interchangeable Focusing Screens
Nikon offers a choice of 13 interchangeable focusing Screens - not exactly big in numbers as any of the previous F-models but each group is very practical in their respective function. The advanced EC-B-type screen with 12mm reference circle & indications of 5 focus sensors is supplied with the Nikon F5 as a standard focusing screen.
For details on changing focusing screens, see below on section how to handle screen changing with the Nikon F5. These special Nikon optics are ideal for manual focusing and assisting in composition, and do not affect the F5's autofocus operation. Types EC-B, A, B, E, G 1-4, J, L and U incorporate focus brackets for five focus areas; Types EC-13, A, B, E, J, L and U, use a 12mm circle for Centre-Weighted Metering. Types EC-B, A, B, E. C, J and U feature an advanced BriteView configuration for bright, clear images. Each of these Nikon Focusing Screen is very well made optical device and cased in a solid external bracket. Unlike many screens designed for other Nikon midrange SLR bodies (esp. the MF versions) which uses alternative materials such as Acrilan etc. these high quality focusing screens are made up of optical source which allows maximum transmission of light into camera for faithful reproduction of image inside the viewfinder as well as for accuracy for purpose of metering. Some applicable screens have focus brackets superimposed at the center with its outlines transmit to the viewfinder for focusing selection.
One very appealing features found on Nikon Digital SLRs and a selective models with Demand Grids is not available with the Nikon F5 - come to think of it, the screen types of the Nikon F5 can be streamlined further in numbers.
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Type EC-B: This new standard screen shows the focus area selected and offers unobstructed viewing and easy focusing on its overall matte surfaces.
Types B, U: These offer unobstructed viewing and easy focusing on their overall matte surfaces.
Types C, M: For high-magnification close-ups and for astrophotography.
Type E: The grid pattern of this screen makes it ideal for architectural photography.
Nikon F5 Focusing Screens Focusing Screen Selector Chart (When attaching Finder DP-30) The chart on the reverse side of this sheet has been prepared to assist you in choosing the right screen for the lens in use.
= Excellent focusing
= Acceptable focusing Split-image rangefinder, microprism or cross hair area is dim; focus on the surrounding matte area.
= Acceptable focusing Slight vignetting or moire phenomenon affects screen image, but film image shows no traces this.
Number next to the symbols indicates degree of exposure compensation required when used with Multi-Meter Finder DP-30 in Center-Weighted Metering. To adjust, set the EV level to -2.0 to +2.0 in G.5EV steps in Custom Setting #18 on the camera body. See instruction manual of the camera body for more details.
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= Exposure measurement via full-aperture method.
= Exposure measurement via stop-down method.
= Exposure measurement is not possible; lens/ screen combination permits focusing operation only. Blank means not usable
1) Since type M screen can be used for both macrophotography at a 1:1 magnification ratio and for photomicrography, it has different applications than other screens.
2) The viewfinder image may appear slightly different to the individual photographer and/or according to the picture-taking situation.
3) Screens used for D-type lens with can also be used with Ai-S, lens.
Full Chart (512k Jpeg File)
A F5 User Suggestion on Focusing Screen for some of you to think about:
From: Andrew Kalman <email@example.com>
Subject: Information of alternate focus screens for Nikon F5
" ... Hello Leonard. I recently discovered something you may want to add to your site. Namely, that is in fact possible to use earlier (i.e. pre-F5) focus screens in the F5. How? Well, all it takes is a little raid of the Nikon parts bin ... and a few minutes of careful attention at the workbench. :) Specifically, all you need is a standard Nikon F5 focus screen like the standard E screen as a donor for the frame. An EC focus screen (like the EC-B) will _not_ work as a donor due to its different construction (the optical element itself is thicker than that of a non-EC screen, and leads to all sorts of problems). Then, you need your screen of choice. I would recommend screens for the F4, simply because they're brighter (supposedly) than those of the F/F2/F3. But as far as I can tell, the optical elements for the F, F2, F3 and F4 focus screens are all dimensionally identical and are therefore all potentially usable.
So, as an example, I wanted to use my favorite screen from the F3, the P screen, in my F5-based Kodak DCS7xx cameras. I purchase a used F5 E screen, and a used but in excellent condition F4 P screen. Wearing surgical gloves to avoid contaminating the Fresnel lens of each focus screen with the oil from my fingers, I removed the optical element from the frame of each focus screen by first unscrewing the four little screws using a Wiha PH00x40 screwdriver, then removing them and the clips that hold the optical element in place, and then finally by gently pushing the optical element out of the frame. Each optical element consists of a glass lens above a plastic Fresnel lens, and should be handled with care. The two lenses come out as one unit. I then transferred the P unit to the F5 focus screen's frame, and the E unit to the F4 focus screen's frame. I reattached the clips and the screws (careful -- later frames are made of plastic), and voila -- I had an F5 P screen, something that Nikon never offered. Of course I also now have F4 E screen with AF area markers that I have no use for ... Autofocus in the F5 is not affected by the use of an alternate focus screen -- the AF equipment is in the body, not the finder. Of course you no longer have an AF area indicators, but for me that's not an issue.
I did not detect any problems with exposure -- it all seems to be right on target. I find manual focusing with the P screen to be vastly superior to the stock EC-B or EC-E screens of the F5, and this was my main motivation to try the swap, as I have a large collection of earlier non-AF Nikkor lenses and I find it difficult to focus them (e.g. the 85mm f/1.4) accurately with the stock EC-B screen. Anyway, this means that for the cost of one F5 normal (i.e. non-EC) focus screen (the condition of the optical element is irrelevant) and one F/F2/F3/F4 screen (the condition of the frame is irrelevant, but the optics should be perfect), this opens up a wide range of possibilities for F5 users to adapt any of the earlier focus screens that were not carried over to the F5...".
Warm Regards,..Andrew Kalman ."
When a Multl-Meter Finder DP-30 or AE Action Finder DA-30, which each of these two finders has a built-in exposure sensor within, is attached to the F5, EV level of the focusing screen may require compensation depending upon the focusing screen, lens, or Teleconverter attached, To compensate the EV level of a focusing screen, use Custom Function #18.For required compensation value for each focusing Screen, see the instruction manual of the focusing screen.
Note: Focusing screens for F4, F3, F2 or F series CANNOT be interchanged or used with the F5 Series Models.. Anyway, you cannot fit them in either way (see a F5's EC-B screen at left, it can't slot into a F4's screen compartment).Please also take note that: Matrix Metering is available only with screens EC-B, B, F, J, A & L type.
Can Focusing be done without the finder and via screen ? NO.. see the illustration of a F5 screen on top of the empty slot of the Nikon F4 SLR camera.
How to change a Focusing Screen
1. Make sure the camera power is off and remove the finder.
2. Insert your fingernail under the rear edge of the screen and lift the focusing screen out.
3. To instal a screen, simply insert the front edge under the central ridge, then push the rear edge down into place.
Note: When removing a focusing screen, be careful not to leave smudges or fingerprints. Place the detached finder screen on a soft, clean cloth.
Type EC-B Fine-ground matte field with focus brackets. An all round screen good for general photography.
Type B Matte/Fresnel field with 12mm-dia. reference circle and focus brackets. Equally good for general photography.
Type U Matte/Fresnel field with 12mm-dia. reference circle and focus brackets. Suitable with telephoto lenses longer than 200mm.
Type C Fine-ground matte field with 5mm-dia. clear spot and cross hair. For photo-micrography, astro-pholography and other high-magnification applications that use parallax for focusing on aerial images.
Type M Fine-ground matte field with 5 mm dial clear spot and cross hair for use in parallax focusing on aerial images, plus millimeter scales for calculating magnification of individual objects or for measuring objects. Brilliant image in dim light. Suitable for close-ups, photomicrography and other high magnification applications
Type E Matte/Fresnel field with 12mm-dia. reference circle, focus brackets and etched horizontal and vertical lines. Ideal for architectural photography or when registration of subject's location during multiple exposure operations.
Type J Matte/Fresnel field with central 5mm-dia, microprism too sing spot and 12mm-dia, reference circle. Good for general photography.
Type A Matte/Fresnel field with 5mm-dia. BriteView, split-image rangefinder. Rapid and accurate focusing for subjects with both straight lines and ill-defined contours. Suitable for general photography.
Type L Same as Type A but With BriteVew split - image rangefinder line at a 45 degrees angle. Rapid and accurate focusing for subjects with both straight lines and ill-defined contours. Suitable for general photography.
Type G Clear Fresnel field with extra-bright 12mm-dia. microprism focusing spot for viewing and focusing in poor light. Four modes (G, G2, G3, G4) available for lenses of different focal lengths. However, Depth-of-Field preview is NOT available (rather, it is hard to evaluate) with this screen-type. Similarly, this screen is not a good companion when using a Reflex-Nikkor lense.
Filters Nikon filters can be divided into four (4) types: a) screw-in, b) drop-in, c) rear-interchange and 4) slip-in type. There are Nikon filters available for use with color and black-and-white film, color film only, black-and-white film only and for light with a wavelength in the 300nm to 950nm range. Nikon offers such a wide variety because photographic needs vary. For example, a color-temperature converting filter can balance the color temperature of the light and your film. Filters for black-and-white film alter contrasts and tones to suit your purposes. Polarizing filters reduce the amount of light reflected from non-metallic surfaces like glass and water. And ND (Neutral Density) filters limit the light entering the camera and are useful on bright, sunny days.
Note: \With the F5, filter factor reed not be considered except for ND 400x and X1 filters and when Spot Metering is selected. Compensate exposure -2/3 EV when using ND 400x filter and
+1 EV when using X1 filter. Note that when special filters available from manufacturers other than Nikon are used, autofocus or electronic rangefinder may not operate properly.
<<< --- Nikon Filter / exposure Guide (61k Gif)
* Use circular-polarizing filter C-PIL instead of polarizing filter Polar. Polarizing filter cannot be used with the Nikon F5.
* Use NC filter when using the filter to protect the lens.
* Moire may occur when shooting subject against bright light or if a bright light source is in the frame. Remove the filter before shooting in this case.
* Use Center-Weighted Metering when using a filter with filter factor such as ND Bx or ND 4x, or a filter for black-and-white film. The effect for the 3D Color Matrix Metering may not be fully obtained with these filters.
| Back | Main Index Page - Nikon F5 Professional SLR camera
The Camera - Background, Issues & Summary
Basic Features | Focusing | Metering Systems | Exposure Control | Reliability Issues | Nikkor lens Compatibility
Prisms/Finders - Index page - 2 parts
Film Backs: Index Page - 1 parts
Focusing Screens - Index Page - 1 part
Flash System - Index Page - 3 parts
System Accessories: | Power Sources | Cases | Remote Control | Miscellaneous
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Macro Photography - Related info on Micro-Nikkor lenses
Technical Specification for Nikon F5
Main Reference Map / Nomenclature
Resource Centre: Instruction Manuals
Nikon F5 Camera Body - 18 parts
MF-28 Multi-Function Back HTML - 8 parts
PC Links - Photo Secretary - 2 parts
AF-TTL Speedlights: SB-28 / SB28DX | SB29(s) info | SB30 | SB50DX | SB80DX | SB600 info | SB800
Variants: F5 50th Anniversary Model | Nikon/Kodak DCS-620 | DCS-720 Digital Still SLR camera | NASA-modified Nikon F5
The Eyes of Nikon: | MF Nikkor Resources | AF Nikkor Resources |
| Back | to Pictorial History of Nikon SLR / rangefinders / Nikonos / digital cameras.
Nikon F | Nikon F2 | Nikon F3 | Nikon F4 | Nikon F5 | Nikon F6 | Nikkormat / Nikomat | Nikon FM | Nikon FE/ FA | Nikon EM/FG/FG20 | Nikon Digital SLRs | Nikon - Other models
The Eyes of Nikon:-
Nikon Auto Focus Nikkor lenses:- Main Index Page
Nikon Manual Focus Nikkor lenses:- Fisheye-Nikkor Lenses - Circular | Full Frame | Ultrawides Lenses - 13mm15mm18mm20mm | Wideangle Lenses - 24mm28mm35mm | Standard Lenses - 45mm 50mm 58mm | Telephoto Lenses - 85mm105mm135mm180mm & 200mm | Super-Telephoto Lenses - 300mm 400mm 500mm 600mm 800mm 1200mm |
Special Application lenses:
Micro-Nikkor Lenses - 50mm~55mm -60mm 85mm -105mm 200mm Micro-Zoom 70-180mm
Perspective Control (PC) - 28mm 35mm PC-Micro 85mm
Dedicated Lenses for Nikon F3AF: AF 80mm f/2.8 | AF 200mm f/3.5 EDIF
Depth of Field Control (DC): 105mm 135mm
Medical Nikkor: 120mm 200mm
Reflex-Nikkor Lenses - 500mm 1000mm 2000mm
Others: Noct Nikkor | OP-Nikkor | UV Nikkor 55mm 105mm | Focusing Units | Bellows-Nikkor 105mm 135mm
Nikon Series E Lenses: 28mm35mm50mm100mm135mm | E-Series Zoom lenses: 36~72mm75~150mm70~210mm
MF Zoom-Nikkor Lenses: 25~50mm | 28~45mm | 28~50mm | 28~85mm | 35~70mm | 36~72mm E | 35~85mm | 35~105mm | 35~135mm | 35~200mm | 43~86mm | 50~135mm | 50~300mm | 70~210mm E | 75~150mm E | 80~200mm | 85~250mm | 100~300mm | 180~600mm | 200~400mm | 200~600mm | 360~1200mm | 1200~1700mm
Tele-Converters: TC-1 | TC-2 | TC-200 | TC-201 | TC-300 | TC-301 | TC-14 | TC-14A | TC-14B | TC-14C | TC-14E | TC-16 | TC-16A | TC-20E
Recommended links to understand more technical details related to the Nikkor F-mount and production Serial Number:
http://rick_oleson.tripod.com/index-153.html by: my friend, Rick Oleson
http://www.zi.ku.dk/personal/lhhansen/photo/fmount.htm by: Hansen, Lars Holst
| Message Board | for Nikon F5 Series SLR model(s) |
| Message Board | for your Nikon Optics in a shared environment
| Message Board | Specifically for Dispose or Looking for Nikon/Nikkor Photographic Equipment
W A R N I N G: The new G-SERIES Nikkor lenses have removed the conventional aperture ring on the lense barrel, they CANNOT adjust aperture(s) when operating in manual exposure control even with certain earlier MF/AF Nikon SLR camera models. But they are FULLY COMPATIBLE with the Nikon F5 featured here in all usable metering systems and/or exposure modes. Please refer to your local distributor for compatibility issue(s).
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A resource dedicated to my kids, Alvin Foo & Esther Foo- one day, BOTH might need to use all these information for his/her Nikon F5A camera.
Volunteered Maintainer(s) for the Nikon F5 Message Board: Tony Davies-Patrick, UK; Rick Oleson, US; Koh Kho King, Malaysia.
Credit: Mr. Chuck Hester, US for his text re-editing skill for this site; Our staff, HowKiat® who created the 3D-Nikon F5 logo. Mr. Lew Chee Wai of YL camera for lending his F5 for me to take some shots appeared in this site. All those nice folks who have contributed their images, in particular Mr. Mike Long, Edwin leong, Palmi Einarsson, Sergio Pessolano, Fred Kamphues, Harry Eggens, Curtis Forrester, Nick (Natures Moments), Sandra Bartocha; fellow countrymen, Vincent Thian, Koh Kho King, Philip Chong, CY Leow etc. and contributions from a few nice folks from Photo Malaysia Forum. Disclaimers & acknowledgments: Certain content and images appeared in this site were either scanned from official marketing leaflets, brochures published by Nikon and/or contribution from surfers who claimed originality of their own work for public publishing in this website, where majority of the extracted information are used basing on educational merits. The creator of this site will not be responsible for any discrepancies that may arise from any possible dispute except rectifying them after verification from respective source. Neither Nikon or its associates has granted any permission(s) in using their public information nor has any interest in the creation of this site. "Nikon", "Nikkormat", "Nippon Kokagu KK" "Silent Wave", "Focus Tracking Lock-on", "Nikkor" & other applicable technical/business terms are registered trade name(s) of Nikon Corporation Inc., Japan. Site made with an Apple G5 IMac.