Modern Classic SLRs Series :
Nikon F5 Series SLR models - Flash Photography - Index Page

 
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Basically, flash photography has always been regarded as one of strength of Nikon system. As the top of the line professional model, naturally, you can enjoy some of the best of Nikon's research in this area and it never disappoints anyone either. The Nikon F5 has been greatly improved over from the Nikon F4 via its multi-segment flash metering - something like a replica that based on ambient Matrix metering that evolved into a similar method for flash metering. However, the multi-segment flash meter was not an original idea as it has been used in the midrange Nikon F90X, which acts as an interim model between Nikon F5 and Nikon F4. When used with an appropriate Nikon speedlight, the Nikon F90X is capable of delivering similar Five-segment multi sensor used for TTL auto flash control; Automatic Balanced Fill-Flash with TTL Multi Sensor (possible when AF or AI-P Nikkor lens is used). The camera also fires Monitor Pre-flash(es) for TTL Multi Sensor; further, comprehensive flash features such as front-Curtain Sync (normal sync), Red-Eye Reduction, Red-Eye Reduction with Slow Sync, Slow Sync, Rear-Curtain Sync and auto sync-set whenever camera's shutter speed is set beyond 1/250 sec. Naturally, other than the multi-segment flash meter, flash photography with Nikon F5 comes with a few additional flash functions previously not available with other Nikon bodies.

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The are two flash sync terminals available with Nikon F5. The main medium for flash contact is via the camera's accessory shoe that locates at the top of the viewfinder prism. It has a standard ISO-type hot-shoe contacts with a few dedicated electrical contacts for flash ready/status light, TTL flash contact, monitor contact and a mount receptacle for SB-28/27/26 etc. A Posi-Mount System provided to ensure a flash, when mounted is securely locked in place.

In the flash sync control, both Slow Sync and Rear-Curtain Sync are a built in feature. The Flash synchronization in Programmed Auto or Aperture-Priority Auto mode, shutter speed operates from 1/250 to 1/60 sec. in normal sync, 1/250 to 30 see. in slow sync; in Shutter-Priority Auto or Manual exposure mode, the shutter will operate at user's selected speed set and the Nikon F5 will automatically auto-sync at its top sync speed at 1/250 if speed if the user has accidentally set shutter speed between 1/250 and 1/8800 sec. The maximum sync speed in normal sync is 1/250 sec. but an even higher 1/300 sec. TTL High-Speed Sync can also be selected using Custom Setting in Shutter-Priority or Manual exposure mode. However, special FP sync that available with a selective Nikon SLRs which allows up to 1/8800 sec. in flash photography is also permissible with the Nikon F5 even if the flash is capable of delivering such feature.

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F5's enhanced Balanced fill-in flash is easily one of the worthy mentioned improvement in a Nikon as it simplifies calculation of flash exposures in ambient light photography to deliver natural looking flash pictures.

Credit: Image courtesy of Mr. Nick Kalathas® from Pennsylvania. Nick portfolio is at Nature Moment which contains many excellent nature/wildlife images. Image copyright © 2005. All rights reserved.

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TTL Auto Flash - Automatic Balanced Fill-Flash & Standard TTL Flash

Types of TTL Auto Flash
TTL auto is recommended for most flash shooting conditions. With a compatible Nikon TTL Speedlight set for TTL auto flash operation (refer to chart on for compatibility), you can choose from either Automatic Balanced Fill-Flash or standard TTL flash.
Note: The type of TTL auto flash performed by the F5 depends on the Speedlight and lense combination in use, as well as the metering system and exposure mode selected. The difference between Automatic Balanced Fill-Flash and standard TTL flash is in whether the flash output level is automatically compensated or not. Operation is the same. Note: Usable film speed range in TTL auto flash is ISO 25 to 1000.

Standard TTL flash, while automatic in operation, does not automatically compensate for complex lighting conditions. With Automatic Balanced Fill-Flash, working together with the 3D color Matrix or Center-Weighted Metering, flash output is automatically compensated to balance the ambient light exposure setting. The result is improved overall exposures and a better balance between ambient light and the filled flash.

Frankly, as development of Nikon flash photography has progressed from its early days of Bulb (pre-65) , Manual/Auto (pre-70), TTL/Manual/Auto (pre-88), TTL Balance Fill/Manual/Auto/Repeat (after 1988), advance Matrix/manual/auto/FP/repeat (early 1990), 3D matrix and so on has indirectly resulted in a very confusing state as far as compatibility issue with various Nikon SLRs is concerned (how confuse? Errr... comparable to Nikkor lens issue). The table below are just an indication how the respective Nikon Speedlight would deliver their working features when used with a Nikon F5, for more accurate information pertaining to its functionality when used with respective Nikon models, you have to go to individual section of the flash model to find out more (each flash model has its link listed at the bottom section of this site).

Nikon Speedlights, combined with the F5 camera, offer various features and functions, The main features and functions are listed below. Auto Power Zoom is possible with newer SB-800, SB-600, SB-80DX, (Red-Eye Reduction is not possible with SB-28(DX), SB-800, SB-600, use respective section of the Nikon Speedlight for more accurate information:

Speedlight

Autofocus using AF-assist illuminator

Slow Sync

Rear-Curtain Sync

Repeating Flash

SB-800

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

SB-600

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

SB-80DX

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

SB-50DX

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

SB-30

No

Yes

Yes

No

SB-29s

No

No

Yes

No

SB-28DX

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

SB-28

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

SB-27

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

SB-26

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

SB-25

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

SB-24

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

SB:23, SB:22s, SB-22, SB-20 or SB-16B

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

SB 15, SB-11, SB-14 or SB-140

No

Yes

Yes

No

SB-21B

No

Yes

Yes

No



Speedlight

Manual flash output Level compensation

FP High-Speed Sync

1/300 TTL High-Speed Sync *

SB-800

Yes

No.

not sure

SB-600

Yes

No

No

SB-80DX

Yes

Yes

Yes

SB-50DX

Yes

No

No

SB-30

Yes

No

No

SB-29s

Yes

No

No

SB-28DX

Yes

Yes

Yes

SB-28

Yes

Yes

Yes

SB-27

Yes

No

Yes

SB-26

Yes

Yes

Yes

SB-25

Yes

Yes

Yes

SB-24

Yes

No

Yes

SB:23, SB:22s, SB-22, SB-20 or SB-16B

No

No

Yes

SB 15, SB-11, SB-14 or SB-140

No

No

No

SB-21B

No

No

No

Wireless Multiple, distance priority flash is possible with SB-800, advance multiple flash is not permitted. See individual instruction manual(s in this site (links are below).

Shutter Speed/Aperture for Each Exposure Mode in TTL Auto Flash
Camera's exposure mode
Shutter speed
Aperture
Programmed Auto (P)
1/250 sec. to 1/60 sec *1
Set lens to its minimum aperture. Aperture is automatically controlled between f/2.8 *3 and lens minimum aperture
Shutter-Priority Auto (5)
Manually set as desired from 1/250 sec. to 30 sec.
Aperture-Priority Auto (A)
1/250 sec, to 1/60 sec.
Manually set as desired
Manual (M)
Manually set as desired from 1/250 sec. to 30 sec. *2

*1) With Slow Sync or Rear-Curtain Sync, the automatically controlled shatter speed range extends down to 30 sec. *2) If you set the shutter speed at 11500 sec. or faster, camera automatically shifts to 11250 sec. as soon as Me Speedlight is turned on. The manually set shutter speed indication blinks in the LCD panel, while the viewfinder shows . With the SB-28, SB-27, SB 26, SB-25, SB-24, SB 23, SB-22s, SB-22, SB-20 or SB-16B, 1/300 TTL High-Speed Sync is possible with option available in Custom Setting. *3) Maximum available aperture depends on film speed in use. See chart below.

Maximum available aperture for each film speed in Programmed Auto exposure mode

ISO film speed

25

50

100

200

400

880

1000

Maximum available aperture

f/2.8

f/3.3

f/4

f/4.8

f/5.6

f/6.7

f/7.1

Note: As film speed increases by one step, maximum available aperture is stopped down by 1/2 f-stop. If you are using a lense with a maximum aperture smaller than listed above, the entire aperture range will be automatically controlled. Note for selecting aperture: * Make sure your subject is within flash shooting distance range. * The larger the aperture (the smaller the f-number) you select, the farther the maximum shooting distance, whereas the smaller the aperture (the larger the f-number), the nearer the maximum shooting distance will be. * If subject distance remains the same, the larger the aperture you select, the less the depth of field; however, Speedlight recycling time is shorter. On the other hand, the smaller the aperture, the greater the depth of field will be, but recycling time will be longer. Note for selecting shutter speed: With a slower shutter speed, a smaller aperture is automatically selected, resulting in a shorter shooting distance range.

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1/300 TTL High-Speed Sync In Shutter-Priority Auto or Manual exposure mode with a Speedlight SB-28, SB-27, SB-26, S8-25, SB-24, SB-23, SS-22s, SB-22, SB-20 or SB-16B connected to the F5, you can select 1/300 sec. TTL High-Speed Sync. To select 1/300 TTL High-Speed Sync, select in Custom Setting #20 after selecting flash sync speed of x25o by rotating the Main-Command Dial, 300 When 1/300 TTL High-Speed Sync is selected, guide number of the attached Speedlight is limited. Determine the flash shooting distance range. Top TTL flash sync speed can be set at 1/300, 1/250, 1/200, 1/160, 1/125, 1/100, 1/80 or 1 /50 using Custom Setting #20 .

Available Nikon Speedlights and Functions possible with the Nikon F5 (The table below excludes some of the newer series of Nikon flash units - scroll down further to see another separate table).

The table below shows the available flash modes for each Nikon Speedlight.

Speedlight

Connection

 

Available flash mode

 

TTL Auto *1

Non-TTL *2

Manual *3

SB-28, SB-27, SB-26, S13-25, SB-24 SB-22s, SB-22, SB-21B *2, SB-26, SB-16B and SB-15

Direct

Yes

Yes

Yes

SB-23

Direct

Yes

No

Yes

SB-21A *2 and SB-16A *2

Via Flash Unit Coupler AS-6

No

Yes

Yes

SB-11, SB-14 and SE-140 *4

ia TTL Remote Cord SC-23

Yes

Yes

Yes

Via Sensor Remote Cord SC- 13 with sensor unit or Sync Cord SC-11 or SC-15

No

Yes

Yes


1) In TTL auto flash mode, the F5 performs Automatic Balanced Fill-Flash or standard TTL flash. 2) The difference between SB-21A and SB-21B, or between SB- 16A and SB-16B, is the type of controller attached. (For details, see the relevant Speedlight manual). 3) Set the F5's exposure mode to Aperture-Priority Auto or Manual. 4) Ultraviolet and infrared photography can be performed in manual flash mode only.
    Automatic Balanced Fill-Flash possible.
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Note: When using Programmed Auto exposure mode
ONLY TTL auto flash mode can be used. * 1/300 TTL High-Speed Sync is available using Custom Setting.

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To round up the various Nikon flash models, the table below outlines some of the Nikon Speedlights that were introduced during the entire product cycle of the Nikon F5 era from 1996-2004: The featured site for respective flash model can be accessible at the links at the bottom of this page:

* NOTE: Nikon AF-TTL SB-27 Speedlight is still available. ** The easy to use, extremely compact and highly affordable SB-M is a dedicated flash for the Nikon FM10/Nikon FE-10. The flash is not available on many markets. It comes with a tilt flash head. GN 20 (m, ISO 100). Non-TTL auto (A) exposure control via built-in light sensor; two working apertures depending on film speed. Manual (M) exposure control on full output. Film speed range ISO 25-400. Powered by 4x 1.5V AA-type alkaline-manganese, NiCd or Ni-MH batteries. 143g. Supplied with Soft Case SS-M. ** The SB-29s, replacing the original SB-29, was introduced in 2002.

NOTE: The Current Nikon flash models (as of 03.2005) are Nikon SB29s, SB-27,
SB600 & SB-800 AF-TTL Speedlights

Guide:- Nikon original Flash couplers for various flash models foot incompatibility with the Nikon manual focus oldies
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<<--- Credit: Image courtesy of Mr. Sergio Pessolano®. Sergio's personal portfolio is available at www.sergiopessolano.it where you can access many of his other creative travel photographic works. Image copyright © 2005. All rights reserved. Please respect the visual property of the contributing photographer.


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SB-26
sb27.gif

SB-27
SB-M**

SB-28
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SB-28DX
sb29.gif

SB-29(s)** Macro
Introduced: 1994
Replaced: SB-25
Discontinued: 1997
Replaced by: SB-28
Introduced: 1997
Still in production
(2005)
Introduced: 1996
Discontinued: 2002
Replaced by: SB-30
Introduced: 1997
Replaced: SB-26
Discontinued: 1999
Replaced by: SB-28DX
Introduced: 1999
Replaced: SB-28
Discontinued: 2002
Replaced by: SB-80DX
Introduced: 2000/2002
Replaced: SB-21A/B
Discontinued: 2002
Replaced by: SB-29s
(2005)

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SB-30
sb50DX.gif

SB-50DX
sb80DX.gif

SB-80DX
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SB-600
sb800.gif

SB-800
SB22s.gif

SB-22s
Introduced: 2002
Still in production
(2005)
Introduced: 2001
Still in production
(2005)
Introduced: 2002
Replaced: SB-28DX
Discontinued: 2004
Replaced by:
SB-800
Introduced: 2004
Still in production
(2005)
Introduced: 2003
Still in production
(2005)
Introduced: 1987
Replaced: SB-22s
Still in production
(2005)

| Previous | NEXT | 1/3 Various Flash Features available in the Nikon F5 explained

Page One | Page Two | Page Three - Reource centre: Instruction manual (HTML format) - SB-28 /SB28DX

Relative:
Nikon AF-TTL Speedlight Models:
Nikon SB-800 | Nikon SB-600 | Nikon SB-30 | Nikon SB-29(s) (2000) | Nikon SB-28 (1997) | Nikon SB-27 (1997) | Nikon SB-26 (1994) | Nikon SB-25 (1992) | Nikon SB-24 (1988) | SB-23 | SB-22 (1987) | SB-20 (1986)
Nikon AF-TTL Speedlight DX-Series:
Nikon SB-28DX (1999)| SB-50DX (2001) | SB-80DX (2002)
Additional information on various
Nikon MF Bulb Flash - Nikon MF-Speedlights SB-1 ~ SB-21A/B

| Back | Main Index Page - Nikon F5 Professional SLR camera

The Camera - Background, Issues & Summary
Basic Features | Focusing | Metering Systems | Exposure Control | Reliability Issues | Nikkor lens Compatibility
Prisms
/Finders -
Index page - 2 parts
Film Backs:
Index Page - 1 parts
Focusing Screens -
Index Page - 1 part
Flash System -
Index Page - 3 parts
System Accessories: |
Power Sources | Cases | Remote Control | Miscellaneous

Macro Photography - Related info on Micro-Nikkor lenses

Technical
Specification for Nikon F5
Main Reference Map / Nomenclature

Resource Centre
: Instruction Manuals
Nikon F5 Camera Body - 18 parts
MF-28 Multi-Function Back HTML - 8 parts
PC Links - Photo Secretary - 2 parts
AF-TTL Speedlights: SB-28 / SB28DX | SB29(s) info | SB30 | SB50DX | SB80DX | SB600 info | SB800

Variants:
F5 50th Anniversary Model | Nikon/Kodak DCS-620 | DCS-720 Digital Still SLR camera

weblibrary.gif   Nikon F | Nikon F2 | Nikon F3 | Nikon F4 | Nikon F5 | Nikon F6 | Nikkormat / Nikomat | Nikon FM | Nikon FE/ FA | Nikon EM/FG/FG20 | Nikon Digital SLRs | Nikon - Other models

The Eyes of Nikon:-

Nikon Auto Focus Nikkor lenses:- Main Index Page
Nikon Manual Focus Nikkor lenses:- Fisheye-Nikkor Lenses - Circular | Full Frame | Ultrawides Lenses - 13mm15mm18mm20mm | Wideangle Lenses - 24mm28mm35mm | Standard Lenses - 45mm 50mm 58mm | Telephoto Lenses - 85mm105mm135mm180mm & 200mm | Super-Telephoto Lenses - 300mm 400mm 500mm 600mm 800mm 1200mm |

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Index Page
  Special Application lenses:
Micro-Nikkor Lenses - 50mm~55mm -60mm 85mm -105mm 200mm Micro-Zoom 70-180mm
Perspective Control (PC) - 28mm 35mm PC-Micro 85mm
Dedicated Lenses for Nikon F3AF: AF 80mm f/2.8 | AF 200mm f/3.5 EDIF
Depth of Field Control (DC): 105mm 135mm
Medical Nikkor: 120mm 200mm
Reflex-Nikkor Lenses - 500mm 1000mm 2000mm
Others: Noct Nikkor | OP-Nikkor | UV Nikkor 55mm 105mm | Focusing Units | Bellows-Nikkor 105mm 135mm
Nikon Series E Lenses: 28mm35mm50mm100mm135mm | E-Series Zoom lenses: 36~72mm75~150mm70~210mm


MF Zoom-Nikkor Lenses: 25~50mm | 28~45mm | 28~50mm | 28~85mm | 35~70mm | 36~72mm E | 35~85mm | 35~105mm | 35~135mm | 35~200mm | 43~86mm | 50~135mm | 50~300mm | 70~210mm E | 75~150mm E | 80~200mm | 85~250mm | 100~300mm | 180~600mm | 200~400mm | 200~600mm | 360~1200mm | 1200~1700mm

Tele-Converters: TC-1 | TC-2 | TC-200 | TC-201 | TC-300 | TC-301 | TC-14 | TC-14A | TC-14B | TC-14C | TC-14E | TC-16 | TC-16A | TC-20E

Recommended links to understand more technical details related to the Nikkor F-mount and production Serial Number:
http://rick_oleson.tripod.com/index-153.html by: my friend, Rick Oleson
http://www.zi.ku.dk/personal/lhhansen/photo/fmount.htm by: Hansen, Lars Holst
http://www.mir.com.my/rb/photography/hardwares/nikonfmount/lens2.htm
http://www.photosynthesis.co.nz/nikon/serialno.html

| Back | Index Page of Digital Nikon SLR cameras
| Back | to Pictorial History of Nikon SLR / rangefinders / Nikonos / digital cameras.

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| Message Board | for Nikon F5 Series SLR model(s) |

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Message Board | for your Nikon Optics in a shared environment
| Message Board | Specifically for Dispose or Looking for Nikon/Nikkor Photographic Equipment

W A R N I N G: The new G-SERIES Nikkor lenses have removed the conventional aperture ring on the lense barrel, they CANNOT adjust aperture(s) when operating in manual exposure control even with certain earlier MF/AF Nikon SLR camera models. But they are FULLY COMPATIBLE with the Nikon F5 featured here in all usable metering systems and/or exposure modes. Please refer to your local distributor for compatibility issue(s).

About this photographic site.

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A resource dedicated to my kids, Alvin Foo & Esther Foo- one day, BOTH might need to use all these information for his/her Nikon F5A camera.

Volunteered Maintainer(s) for the Nikon F5 Message Board: Tony Davies-Patrick, UK; Rick Oleson, US; Koh Kho King, Malaysia.

Credit: Mr. Chuck Hester, US for his text re-editing skill for this site; Our staff, HowKiat® who created the 3D-Nikon F5 logo. Mr. Lew Chee Wai of YL camera for lending his F5 for me to take some shots appeared in this site. All those nice folks who have contributed their images, in particular Mr. Mike Long, Edwin leong, Palmi Einarsson, Sergio Pessolano, Fred Kamphues, Harry Eggens, Curtis Forrester, Nick (Natures Moments), Sandra Bartocha; fellow countrymen, Vincent Thian, Koh Kho King, Philip Chong, CY Leow etc. and contributions from a few nice folks from Photo Malaysia Forum. Disclaimers & acknowledgments: Certain content and images appeared in this site were either scanned from official marketing leaflets, brochures published by Nikon and/or contribution from surfers who claimed originality of their own work for public publishing in this website, where majority of the extracted information are used basing on educational merits. The creator of this site will not be responsible for any discrepancies that may arise from any possible dispute except rectifying them after verification from respective source. Neither Nikon or its associates has granted any permission(s) in using their public information nor has any interest in the creation of this site. "Nikon", "Nikkormat", "Nippon Kokagu KK" "Silent Wave", "Focus Tracking Lock-on", "Nikkor" & other applicable technical/business terms are registered trade name(s) of Nikon Corporation Inc., Japan. Site made with an Apple G5 IMac.

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