Early days of Canon photographic flash system during the '50 was comprised mainly with bulb flash with a wide circular reflector module. Many rangefinder Canon usually has a side mounting rail at the side of the camera in order to accept those flash. Some later improved models have better design with different power supply configurations as well as Side Lighting Unit and accessories such as Flash Unit Bracket etc. to improve their handling. When the Canon's 7s rangefinder camera and FL-mount SLRs were introduced, electronic flash was getting its momentum in popularity but Canon has not actually produced an electronic flash with their label on. It was not until the original Canon F-1 and subsequent FD mount bodies such as the popular Canon FTb where the CAT (Canon Auto Tuning) system was introduced that Canon finally has a truly working electronic flash system on their own.

manual133Dcover.jpg
The first series of the electronic flash units are the universal Canon Speedlite 133D which can be used with many other Canon bodies (FTb, EF and F-1), and a more specific Canon Speedlite 500A (which is designed specifically for the F-1). However, both of these models only worked with the standard lenses of 50mm f/1.4, 50mm f/1.8 and the wideangle 35mm f/2 lenses.

The early CAT system was an innovative system but it was far from perfect , in particular in handling and operations. When the immensely popular Canon AE-1 was introduced, Canon has designed the first dedicated electronic flash unit, the Canon 155A Speedlite for the camera. The 155A and AE-1 combination was also the world's first system that a photographer did not has to worry about setting the camera to the correct flash synch speed as it will auto sync with the camera's top sync speed. Further, two auto aperture values were offered on the computer flash and were automatically transmitted to the camera and set on the lens automatically. The 155A has changed the course how flash photography works with Canon bodies and there are a series of followed-up models such as Speedlite 199A which offers more choices in aperture selection and the simpler Speedlite 133A, Speedlite 188A, Speedlite 166A, Speedlite 177A and other less sophisticated models such as the pancake sized Speedlite 011A.

Canon AUTO speedlite 533G hammer flash unit
Speedlite 533G

Guide Number: 36 (ASA 100, m) or 60 (ASA 25 ft.).
Recycling Time: 0.2-10 sec. with alkaline manganese batteries. 0.2-5.5 sec. with Ni-Cd batteries.
Number of Flashes (on automatic): 120 - 1,200 with alkaline-manganese batteries and 55 - 555 with Ni-Cd batteries allowing 30 sec. between each firing.
Flash Duration: 1 /830-1 /50,000 sec.
Auto Apertures: f/2.8, f/5.6 and f/ 11 at ASA 100.
Auto Coupling Ranges: 2.5-12.8m at red "A" (f/2.8, ASA 100) without Adaptor. At green "A", 1.5-6.4m and at yellow "A", 1-3.2m without Adaptor
Flash Coverage: Adequate for 35mm lens on a 35mm format. With Wide Adaptor, adequate coverage for 20mm lens. With Tele Adaptor, covers 100mm lens.

The two powerful bracket mount, handle flash Speedlite 533G and Speedlite 577G were dedicated professional models specifically designed for the Canon New F-1 in 1981. Well, when the Canon T-series bodies were introduced, things were getting very sophisticated in electronic flash design. Except in the case of the Canon T90 which remains as the sole FD-mount SLR that offers TTL OTF (Through the Lense, Off the Film Plane) flash metering with the dedicated non-AF Canon 300TL Speedlite unit, virtually ALL other Canon FD-mount SLRs only offer AUTO/MANUAL flash exposure control. So, technically speaking, other than enjoying the sheer benefit of flash charged status inside the viewfinder and, in some cases with later SLR models, the flash will auto sync to a predetermined maximum sync speed the camera provides, the benefits of using Canon flash are confined solely to consideration of their built-quality, features such as tilt and bounce capabilities and the power output to suit your kind of photography. Naturally, since TTL is not available and you can also consider some third party flash units. Generally, you can use "A" and "T" alphabet that followed by the model number to differentiate the flash designed for Canon A and T series SLR models. Whatever the differences in specifications, both series should be able to share and use for all Canon bodies in AUTO and MANUAL mode (where applicable). Below are some additional images and respective links to appropriate resources on the various models of Canon Speedlites.:

199Aflashbmdm.jpg

Canon Speedlite 199A (1981 )

Speedlite277T/Speedlite277T1mdm.jpg

Canon Speedlite 277T (1984 )

Speedlite155amdm.jpg

Canon
Speedlite 155A (1978 )

Canon 244T flash link icon

Canon Speedlite 244T

Speedlite299T/299Tmdm.JPG

Canon Speedlite 299T

speedlite300TL8mdm.jpg

Canon Speedlite 300TL (1986 )

Canon 377G Speedlite

Canon Speedlite 377G

Canon 577G Speedlite

Canon Speedlite 577GL

External Links at various sources

Speedlite 133D Canon 300TL flash; Macrolite ML-1(HTML); Macrolite ML-2; Macrolite ML-3; Speedlite 133a; Speedlite 155a(HTML); Speedlite 177a; Speedlite 188a(HTML); Speedlite 199a; Speedlite 244t; Speedlite 277t(HTML); Speedlite 533; Speedlite 577 - Cool Huh ?

Third Party:
Metz SCA 311 Adapter Instructions in English
Credit: All EXTERNAL Links appeared here are from Christian Rolliinger website.

A series Cameras with Canon Flash Units on Automatic Mode

Flash models

Canon A-1

Canon AE- Program

Canon AE-1

Canon AV-1 and AL-1

199A, 577G, 533G

Shutter speed and aperture set automatically. Viewfinder shows flash ready. Special procedure allows use of 1/30 to 30-second exposures with automatic features. Shutter speed and aperture set automatically. Shutter speed and aperture set automatically. Shutter speed set automatically. You set aperture.

188A, 166A

Shutter speed and aperture set automatically. Viewfinder shows flash ready. Shutter speed and aperture set automatically. Viewfinder indicator shows flash ready and correct exposure. Shutter speed and aperture set automatically. Shutter speed set automatically. You set aperture.

177A, 155A

Shutter speed and aperture set automatically. Shutter speed and aperture set automatically. Shutter speed and aperture set automatically. Shutter speed set automatically. You set aperture.

133A, 011A

Shutter speed set automatically. Aperture set automatically to f4. If film speed not ASA 80/100 or ASA 400, use manual mode. Shutter speed set automatically. Aperture set automatically to f4. if film speed not ASA 80/100 or ASA 400, use manual mode. Shutter speed set automatically. Aperture set automatically to f4. If film speed is not ASA 80/100 or ASA 400, use manual mode. speed set automatically. You set aperture as appropriate for film speed

Note
: Although rarely used today, flash bulbs will work with Canon A-1, AE-1, AE-1 Program etc cameras which are using a horizontal traveled focal plane shutter design. If you are using type FP, MF or M flash bulbs, 1/30 second is the fastest shutter speed you can use. Naturally, with flash bulbs there is no automatic flash operation. Also check sync speed with flash bulbs for models: Canon AE-1, AE-1 Program.
Can the Canon A-1 or for that matter, all the A and T series SLR models interchangeable to use with all the A, G and T series flash units ? With the exception of the T90, all of Canon's A-series and T-series as well as the New F-1, will automatically set their X-sync with any A-series, T-series (except 300TL) and G-series (533G & 577G) of Canon Speedlites. Some has their own respective dedicated function, for an instance, AE-1 Program will automatically reverts to Program Flash AE the moment the pilot lamp of your Speedlite 244T is ready.
.
Additional Info: Some helpful info when used with any of the A or G series Speedlites.

Selective Canon TTL Flash Models:- 160E | 200E | 300EZ | 300TL | 420EZ | 430 EZ | 480EG | 540EZ | Macrolites | Other non-TTL Canon flash models
Useful Resources at Julian Loke site: - Instruction Manual(s (PDF) for Canon 420EX | 580EX AF-TTL Speedlites


Flash Photography with EOS camera models
:-
Part 1 | 2 | 3 | 4

577G Speedlite.jpg (9k) Loading...

The most powerful flash among all Canon speedlites, with a guide number of 48 (ASA 100, m) or 80 (ASA 25, ft.).
Speedlite 577G

Guide Number: 48 (ASA 100, m) or 80 (ASA 25, ft.).
Recycling Time (on automatic): 0.2-18 sec. with alkaline-manganese batteries. 0.2-7 sec. with Ni-Cd batteries.
Number of Flashes (on automatic): 100-1,000 with alkaline-manganese batteries and 75-750 with Ni-Cd batteries allowing 30 sec. between each firing.
Flash Duration: 1/400-1/50,000 sec.

Auto Apertures
: f/2.8, f/5.6 and f/11 at ASA 100,
Auto Coupling Ranges: 2.5-17m at red "A" (f/2.8, ASA 100) without Adapter At green "A", 1.5-8.5m and at yellow "A", 1-4.3m without Adapter
Flash Coverage: For 35mm format, covers an angle of view of 35mm lens With Wide Adapter, adequate coverage for 20mm lens. With Tele Adapter, covers 100mm lens.
images/manual577GAcover.jpg
Bounce: Maximum upward tilt of 120° with detents at 0°, 60°, 75°, 90°, and 120°. 120° shift to both left and right with detents at 0°, 60°, 75°, 90°, 105° and 120°.
Power Source: 6 C-size alkaline-manganese batteries or Ni-Cd Pack TP in the Transistor Pack G.

1981 Canon Speedlite 577 manual in English 1.6MB (zip) - External Link HELP: Please contribute your resources (IMAGES ONLY)


CANON Speedlite 533G

Guide Number: 36 (ASA 100, m) or 60 (ASA 25 ft.).
Recycling Time: 0.2-10 sec. with alkaline manganese batteries. 0.2-5.5 sec. with Ni-Cd batteries.
Number of Flashes (on automatic): 120 - 1,200 with alkaline-manganese batteries and 55 - 555 with Ni-Cd batteries allowing 30 sec. between each firing.
Flash Duration: 1 /830-1 /50,000 sec.
Auto Apertures: f/2.8, f/5.6 and f/ 11 at ASA 100.
Auto Coupling Ranges: 2.5-12.8m at red "A" (f/2.8, ASA 100) without Adaptor. At green "A", 1.5-6.4m and at yellow "A", 1-3.2m without Adaptor

images/manual533GAcover.jpg
Flash Coverage: Adequate for 35mm lens on a 35mm format. With Wide Adapter, adequate coverage for 20mm lens. With Tele Adaptor, covers 100mm lens.

1981 Canon Speedlite 533 manual in English 1.7MB (zip) - External Link HELP: Please contribute your resources (IMAGES ONLY)


Specifications for some popular shoe mount flash units by Canon

199A

188A

177A

166A

155A

133A

011A


199a.jpg
Canon Speedlite 199A

Guide Number
: 30 (ASA 100, m) or 50 (ASA 25, ft.).
Recycling Time: 0.2-10 sec. with alkaline batteries and 0.2-6 sec. with Ni-Cd batteries on auto.

Number of Flashes: More than 100 with alkaline batteries and more than 50 with Ni-Cd batteries on auto.
Flash Duration: 1/500-1/50000 sec.
Aperture Choices: f/2.8 (red), f/5.6 (green) and f/ll (yellow) at ASA 100, and manual.
Auto Coupling Ranges: 1.5-10.6m (1.5-6.3m with Wide Adapter) at red "A". 1-5.3m (1-3.2m with Wide Adapter) at green "A". 0.5-2.6m (0.5-1.6m with Wide Adapter) at yellow "A".

images/manual199Acover.jpg
Flash Coverage: Covers 35mm lens. With Wide Adapter for covers 24mm lens.
Size: 79 (W; x 83 (D) x 116 (H)mm. (3-1/8" x 3-1/4" x 4-1/2").
Weight: 490g (1 lb. 1-5/16 oz.) including batteries

More information & additional Images and link to user's manual for Speedlite 199A (1981 ) HELP: Please contribute your resources (IMAGES ONLY)


188a.jpg
Canon Speedlite 188A

Guide Number: 25 (ASA 100, m) or 41 (ASA 25, ft.).
Recycling Time: 0.5-8 sec with alkaline batteries and 0.5-6 sec. with Ni-Cd batteries on auto.
images/188A1.JPG
.
Credit: Image courtesy of Ms Carolyn from "milano-one®" <MILANO1@aol.com> who operates a popular Ebay Store. All images appeared herein are Copyright © 2003. All rights reserved. Please respect the visual property of the contributing photographer.

Number of Flashes: More than 200 with alkaline batteries and more than 70 with Ni-Cd batteries on auto.
Flash Duration: 1/700-1/40000 sec.
Aperture Choices: f2.8 (red) and f5.6 (green) at ASA 100 and manual.
Auto Coupling Ranges: 1 0-9.0 m (1.0-5.6m with Wide Adapter) at red "A". 0 5-4.5m (0.5-2.8m with Wide Adapter) at green "A".
Flash Coverage: Covers 35mm lens. With Wide Adapter, covers 28mm lens.

images/manual188Acover.jpg
Size: 68 (W) x 52 (D) x 103 (H)mm. (2-11/16" x 2-1/16" x 4-1/16").
Weight: 290g (10-1 /4 oz.) including batteries.

NOTE: Canon Speedlite 188A (1981 ) User's Manual in English - External Link | HELP: please contribute your resources (IMAGES ONLY)


177a.jpg
Canon Speedlite 177A

Guide Number: 25 (ASA 100, m) or 41 (ASA 25, ft.).
Recycling Time: 0.5-8 sec. with alkaline batteries and 0.5-6 sec. with Ni-Cd batteries on auto.
177AAnneLeighton1mdm.jpg
Number of Flashes More than 200 with alkaline batteries and more than 70 with Ni-Cd batteries on auto.
Flash Duration: 1/600-1/50000 sec.
Aperture Choices: f/2.8 (red) and f/5.6 (green) at ASA 100, and manual.
Auto Coupling Ranges: 1.0-9.0 m (1.0-5.7m with Wide Adapter) at red "A". 0.5-4.5m (0.5-2.8m with Wide Adapter) at green "A"
MORE images ..are available.

images/manual177Acover.jpg
Flash Coverage: Covers 35mm lens. With Wide Adapter, covers 28mm lens.
Size: 72 (W) x 58 (D) x 107 (H)mm. (2-13/16" x 2-5/16" x 4-3/16").
Weight: 310g (10-15/16 oz.) including batteries.

HELP: Canon Speedlite 177A is NOT available yet for download, please contribute your resources (MANUAL)


Canon Speedlite 166A

Guide Number
: 20 (ASA100, m) or 33 (ASA 25, ft)
Recycling Time: 0.5-7 sec. with alkaline batteries and 0.5-5 sec. with Ni-Cd batteries.
Number of Flashes: 250-2500 times with alkaline batteries and 80-830 times with Ni-Cd batteries.
Flash Duration: 1/1000-1/50000 sec
Auto Apertures: f/2.8, f/5.6 at ASA 100.
Auto Coupling Range: 0.5 -7 m (1.6-22 ft.) at ASA 100
Flash Coverage: Covers 35mm lens.
Power Source: Four AA size alkaline or Ni-Cd batteries.

166a.jpg
Size: 66 (W) x 49.5 (D) x 98 (H) mm (2-5/8" x 1-15/16" x 3-7/8").
Weight: 260g (9-3/16 oz.) including batteries.

HELP: Canon Speedlite 166A is NOT available yet for download, please contribute your resources (IMAGES & MANUAL)

155a.jpg
CANON Speedlite 155A

Guide Number
: 17 (ASA 100, m) or 28 (ASA 25, ft.).
Recycling Time: 0.5-7 sec. with alkaline batteries and 0.5-5 sec. with Ni-Cd batteries on auto.

Number of Flashes: More than 300 with alkaline batteries and 90 with Ni-Cd batteries on auto.
Flash Duration: 1/1000 - 1/50000 sec.
Aperture Choices: f/2.8 (red) and f/5.6 (green) at ASA 100, and manual.
Auto Coupling Ranges: 0.5-6m at red "A". 0.5-3m at green "A".

imagesmanual155Acover.jpg
Flash Coverage: Covers 35mm lens.
Size: 70 (W) x 51 (D) x 105 (H)mm. (2-3/4" x 2" x 4-1/8").
Weight: 300g (10-9/16 oz.) including batteries.

NOTE: MORE images and link to User's Manual in English

133a.jpg
CANON Speedlite 133A

Guide Number
: 16 (ASA 100, m) or 26 (ASA 25, ft.).
Recycling Time: 0.5-9 sec. with alkaline batteries and 0.5-6 sec with Ni-Cd batteries.
Number of Flashes: 100-1000 with alkaline batteries and 60-600 with Ni-Cd batteries.

Flash Duration: 1/700-100000 sec
ASA Film Speed Switch: Two positions: ASA 80, 100 (green) and ASA 400 (orange).
Auto Coupling Ranges: 1.0 - 8.0m at orange "A". 0.5 - 4.0m at green "A".
Flash Coverage: Covers 35mm lens.
Size: 62 (W) x 37 (D) x 95 (H)mm (2-7/16" x 1-7/16" x 3-3/4")
Weight: 200g (7-1/16 ozs.) including batteries.
Note: 1973 Canon Speedlite 133D Manual in English - External Link: HELP: Canon Speedlite 133A is NOT available yet for download, please contribute your resources (IMAGES & MANUAL)


images/emma011Aa.jpg flash011a.jpg
Speedlite 011A

Guide Number: 14 (ASA 100/m) or 23(ASA 25 ft).
Recycling Time: 0.5-9 sec. with alkaline batteries and 0.5-6 sec. with Ni-Cd batteries.
Number of Flashes
: 150-1500 with alkaline batteries and 70-700 with Ni-Cd batteries.
Flash Duration: 1/1000 -1/100000 sec.

Credit: Image courtesy of Emanuele "ebay-camera$®" <emanue20@pacbell.net> who operates a popular Ebay Store. All images appeared herein are Copyright © 2003. All rights reserved. Please respect the visual property of the contributing photographer.

ASA Film Speed Switch: ASA 100 and 400. Also functions as main switch. Auto Coupling Ranges: 0.5-3.5m at ASA 100 and 1-7m at 400.
Flash Coverage: Cover 35mm lens.
Size
: 19 (W) x 112.5 (H) x 64.5 (L)mm (3 :4" x 4-7/16" x 2-9/16").
Weight: 155g (6-7/8 oz.) including batteries.

HELP: Canon Speedlite 011A is NOT available yet for download, please contribute your resources (MANUAL ONLY)

IF you wish to contribute (informing of any external link or sending images), please mail me.

CANON AUTOFOCUS / AF Flash Units/ Speedlites (reference: Canon EOS-1N / EOS 1NRS Site info at MIR)

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Copyright © 2000. leofoo ®. MIR Web Development Team. Maintenance Team: Kaipin, Terry Carraway & Dr Strangelove; Pawel Nabe for his image on the Data Memory Back. EEwyn Foo, my nephew, who has spent quite a number of nights converting the original manual in HTML format. Mr. Richard Yeow, General Manager -Optical Division of Canon Marketing for granting special permission to reproduce this manual into HTML format in his site as a form of obligation to all Canon FD mount users worldwide. * Canon, FD Lenses, Canon Marketing are registered trade names or trademarks of Canon Inc. Japan.