Modern Classic SLRs Series :
Nikon SB-28 AF-TTL Speedlight
Instruction Manual - Part II

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Getting started

Becoming familiar with the SB-28
Before starting to take flash pictures, you should familiarize yourself with various settings and adjustments of the SB-28, regardless of which
Nikon SLR camera you are using.

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Loading batteries Four penlight batteries (1.5V or lower) of any of the following types may be used:
a. AA-type alkaline-manganese (1.5V)
b. AA-type lithium (1.5V)
c. AA-type NiCd (rechargeable) (1.2V)
d. AA-type Ni-MH (Nickel Metal Hydride) (rechargeable) (1.2V)
NOTE : AA-type high-power manganese batteries are
NOT recommended for use with the SB-28 and/or SB-28DX

manualA2.gif manualkA3.gif
1 Open the battery chamber lid. 2 Install four penlight batteries following the + and – symbols inside the chamber. Close the battery chamber lid.
Various optional external power source DC Units are available for use with the SB-28. Using an external power source. WARNING: AVOID using mix battery types or brands, or use old with new batteries.

Adjusting the flash head / Selecting the distance scale:

Adjusting the flash head Hold down the flash head tilting/rotating lock release button while adjusting the flash head to the horizontal/front position. When the icon-onoff.gif button is pressed for approx. 0.5 sec. after adjusting the flash head to the horizontal/front position, the power turns on and the flash shooting range indicator bars appear on the LCD panel. They do not appear if the flash head is adjusted to a position other than the horizontal/front position. The indicator bars blink when the flash head is tilted down to -7°.

manualA4.gif manualA5.gif
Selecting the distance scale (meters/feet) Set the distance scale on the LCD panel to either meters (m) or feet (ft). 1 Press the icon-onoff.gif button for approx. 0.5 sec. to turn the SB-28 off. 2 Hold down the icon-lightbulb.gif.button as you press the icon-onoff.gif button. To return to the former setting, repeat steps 1 and 2.

Attaching the SB-28 to the camera When attaching the SB-28 to your camera, make sure both units are turned off to avoid accidentally firing the flash.

manualA6.gif manualA7.gif
1 Loosen the SB-28's mounting foot locking wheel and slide the SB-28 into the camera’s accessory shoe.
2 Tighten the locking wheel. With cameras equipped with a safety lock system, the mount pin is automatically inserted into the locking hole in the camera’s accessory shoe to secure the SB-28.

Detaching the SB-28 To detach the SB-28, loosen the mounting foot locking wheel all the way. If the wheel doesn't loosen easily, push the foot forward gently in the direction of the white arrow and try loosening the wheel again.

Turning the SB-28 on and off / Standby function

Turning power on and off: To turn the SB-28 on and off, depress and hold the icon-onoff.gif button for approx. 0.5 sec.
Standby function: If both the SB-28 and camera are not used for after approx. 80 seconds, the SB-28 shuts off automatically to conserve battery power. This is called the standby function.
Canceling and setting the standby function 1 Press the icon-onoff.gif button for approx. 0.5 sec. to turn the SB-28 off. 2 Hold down the icon-mode.gif button as you press the icon-onoff.gif button. The SB-28’s standby mode indicator icon-STNB.gif :on the LCD panel appears when the function is set and disappears when it is not set. Perform steps 1 and 2 to cancel it or reset it.

Note: The standby function is preset when the SB-28 is shipped from the factory. (Check that the standby mode indicator icon-STNB.gif :appears on the LCD panel when the SB-28 is turned on.). When carrying the SB-28 in your camera bag with the standby function set, make sure to turn off the flash unit to avoid accidental battery drain.

To turn the SB-28 on again after it enters the standby mode, you can: Lightly press the shutter release button (except cameras in Group VII - refer to chart on first page).. Press the icon-flash.gif button on the SB-28. Press the SB-28’s icon-onoff.gif button.

After the SB-28 is turned on, the ready-light lights up as soon as the SB-28 is recycled and ready to fire. Make sure the ready-light lights up before taking the picture. The ready-light blinks when the flash fires at maximum output. In TTL Auto Flash icon-TTL.gif OR Non-TTL Auto Flash SB28iconA.gif·mode, if the ready-lights on the SB-28 and inside the camera’s viewfinder blink for approx. 3 seconds after the picture is taken, the flash has fired at its maximum output, indicating that light may have been insufficient for correct exposure. In that case, use a wider aperture or move closer to the subject before taking any more pictures

Replace batteries. Replace alkaline-manganese batteries if the ready-light takes more than 30 seconds to light up. Replace lithium batteries if the ready-iight takes more than 10 seconds to light up. Notes on batteries. Recharge NiCd or Ni-MH batteries if the ready-light takes more than 10 seconds to come on. When exhausted batteries are used in the SB-28, the zoom-head position adjustment may be activated repeatedly, producing sound inside the unit, even when the power is turned off.

Test firing You can perform simple test firing by pressing the icon-flash.gif button to ensure that the SB-28 is working properly. 1 Press the icon-onoff.gif button to turn the SB-28 on. 2 After the ready-light comes on, press theicon-flash.gif button to fire the SB-28. NOTE If the SB-28 enters the standby mode, press the icon-flash.gif button once to turn the flash back on, then press the icon-flash.gif button again to test-fire the unit.

Setting the ISO film speed Cameras in Groups I and II The ISO film speed is automatically set and indicated on the SB-28’s LCD panel. NOTE: The usable film speed in icon-TTL.gif Auto Flash mode is ISO 25 to 1000. Cameras in Groups III through VII Set the ISO film speed manually in this manner:

1 Turn the SB-28 off.
2 Turn it on again. The film speed starts blinking.
3 Press the icon-plus.gif
or icon-minus.gif button to increase or decrease the film speed. Press the icon-select.gif button to stop the film speed from blinking.

The film speed indicator blinks during adjustment and stops after 8 seconds unless the icon-select.gif button is pressed. The last blinking number is the one automatically set. Note: The following ISO film speeds can be used in TTL Auto Flash icon-TTL.gif mode: ISO 25 to 1000 for cameras in Groups III and IV, plus F-501/N2020 and F-301/N2000 cameras. ISO 25 to ISO 400 for cameras in Group VI, plus F-401s/N4004s and F-401/N4004 cameras.

Adjusting the zoom-head position The SB-28 has six zoom-head position settings: 24mm, 28mm, 35mm, 50mm, 70mm and 85mm. (The zoom head is set to either 18mm or 20mm when the built-in wide flash adapter is used.) Cameras in Groups I and II with Nikkor lenses with a built-in CPU

1 The zoom head is automatically adjusted. Automatic zoom-head positioning is not possible if a small M appears above the ZOOM on the LCD panel. Press the icon-zoom.gif button several times until the M disappears. 2 After automatic adjustment, make sure the zoom-head position on the LCD panel matches the focal length of the lens in use. With a zoom lens, the zoom head automatically adjusts within the range of 24mm to 85mm. When the focal length exceeds the SB-28's available range, the zoom-head adjusts to the closest wideangle or telephoto setting of the lens in use.

NOTE To cancel automatic zoom-head positioning and set the position manually: 1 Press the icon-zoom.gif and icon-plus.gif buttons simultaneously for approx. 2 sec. until the small M above ZOOM starts blinking. Then press the icon-zoom.gif button and set the desired zoom-head position manually. 2 The zoom-head position indicator changes every time you press the icon-zoom.gif button: 24mm 28mm 35mm 50mm 70mm 85mm Once set manually, the zoom-head position is locked and does not change even when the power is turned off and on again or the lens is changed. To resume automatic zoom-head position adjustment, press the icon-zoom.gif and icon-plus.gif buttons simultaneously for approx. 2 sec. until the small M above ZOOM disappears.

Other camera/lens combinations Press theicon-zoom.gif button and adjust the zoom-head position manually to match the focal length of the lens in use. The indicator changes each time you press the icon-zoom.gif button: 24mm -> 28mm-> 35mm-> 50mm -> 70mm -> 85mm When set manually, a small M appears above the ZOOM on the LCD panel. When using a Zoom-Nikkor lens, set the zoom-head position on the SB-28 to correspond to the shortest focal length of the lens (for example, select the 28mm setting when using a Zoom-Nikkor 28-85mm lens). Then, the flash will cover all the focal lengths.

Setting the built-in wide flash adapter The SB-28 comes with a wide flash adapter coverage to match an 18mm or 20mm lens. 1 Slide out the wide flash adapter and gently push it down into place in front of the flash head.
Note: Because the bounce card comes out at the same time, return it 3 to its original position inside the flash head. The zoom-head position indicator changes to 20mm and the indicator bars display the appropriate flash shooting distance range.

2 To change to 18mm, press theicon-zoom.gif button once. The zoom-head position indicator toggles between 18mm and 20mm each time you press the icon-zoom.gif button. To replace the wide flash adapter, lift it up and slide it back into its original place inside the flash head. If the built-in wide flash adapter is broken off accidentally, it is no longer possible to set 18 or 20mm. In this case, press the icon-zoom.gif 'and icon-select.gifbuttons simultaneously for approx. 4 sec. until the zoom-head position indicator starts blinking, making it possible to adjust the zoom-head automatically or manually to its six basic settings (24mm, 28mm, 35mm, 50mm, 70mm, 85mm).


For available flash operations with the SB-28 and each camera group, refer to the table on the fold-out page at the front of this manual.

Selecting a flash mode When theSB28LCDrearB.gif button on the back of the SB-28 is pressed, the flash mode indicator sequences through these modes: Note that the LCD indications and available flash modes differ depending on which Nikon camera and lens you are using. The table below shows the auto flash mode recommended for use with each camera group. Refer to the reference pages corresponding to your camera.

Basic operation Shooting in the auto flash mode The SB-28 provides a variety of flash modes to cover virtually all shooting situations. These modes range from TTL Auto Flash icon-TTL.gif to Non-TTL Auto Flash SB28iconA.gif·and Manual Flash icon-M.gif In this section, TTL and Non-TTL Auto Flash modes are explained.

icon-TTL.gif TTL Auto Flash : If your camera is in group I to VI, icon-TTL.gif flash modes, to get the most out of TTL automatic flash operations.
SB28iconA.gif Non-TTL Auto Flash ·: If your camera is in Group VII with no TTL Auto Flash SB28iconA.gif mode available, Non-TTL Auto Flash ·mode. This mode can also be used with cameras in all

| previous | NEXT | 2/6 The SIX basic Flash Operations with the Nikon SB-28

Part One | Part Two | Part Three | Part Four | Part Five | Part Six

| Back | Index Page The Nikon F5 SB-28 Instruction manual
| Back | Index Page The Nikon F5 SB-28DX Instruction manual

Nikon AF-TTL Speedlight Models:
Nikon SB-800 | Nikon SB-600 | Nikon SB-30 | Nikon SB-29(s) (2000) | Nikon SB-28 (1997) | Nikon SB-27 (1997) | Nikon SB-26 (1994) | Nikon SB-25 (1992) | Nikon SB-24 (1988) | SB-23 | SB-22 (1987) | SB-20 (1986)
Nikon AF-TTL Speedlight DX-Series:
Nikon SB-28DX (1999)| SB-50DX (2001) | SB-80DX (2002)
Additional information on various
Nikon MF Bulb Flash - Nikon MF-Speedlights SB-1 ~ SB-21A/B

| Back | Main Index Page - Nikon F5 Professional SLR camera

The Camera - Background, Issues & Summary

Basic Features | Focusing | Metering Systems | Exposure Control | Reliability Issues | Nikkor lens Compatibility

/Finders -
Index page - 2 parts
Film Backs:
Index Page - 1 parts
Focusing Screens -
Index Page - 1 part
Flash System -
Index Page - 3 parts
System Accessories: |
Power Sources | Cases | Remote Control | Miscellaneous

Macro Photography - Related info on Micro-Nikkor lenses

Specification for Nikon F5
Main Reference Map / Nomenclature

Resource Centre
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MF-28 Multi-Function Back HTML - 8 parts
PC Links - Photo Secretary - 2 parts
AF-TTL Speedlights: SB-28 / SB28DX | SB29(s) info | SB30 | SB50DX | SB80DX | SB600 info | SB800

F5 50th Anniversary Model | Nikon/Kodak DCS-620 | DCS-720 Digital Still SLR camera

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The Eyes of Nikon:-

Nikon Auto Focus Nikkor lenses:- Main Index Page
Nikon Manual Focus Nikkor lenses:- Fisheye-Nikkor Lenses - Circular | Full Frame | Ultrawides Lenses - 13mm15mm18mm20mm | Wideangle Lenses - 24mm28mm35mm | Standard Lenses - 45mm 50mm 58mm | Telephoto Lenses - 85mm105mm135mm180mm & 200mm | Super-Telephoto Lenses - 300mm 400mm 500mm 600mm 800mm 1200mm |

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Index Page
  Special Application lenses:
Micro-Nikkor Lenses - 50mm~55mm -60mm 85mm -105mm 200mm Micro-Zoom 70-180mm
Perspective Control (PC) - 28mm 35mm PC-Micro 85mm
Dedicated Lenses for Nikon F3AF: AF 80mm f/2.8 | AF 200mm f/3.5 EDIF
Depth of Field Control (DC): 105mm 135mm
Medical Nikkor: 120mm 200mm
Reflex-Nikkor Lenses - 500mm 1000mm 2000mm
Others: Noct Nikkor | OP-Nikkor | UV Nikkor 55mm 105mm | Focusing Units | Bellows-Nikkor 105mm 135mm
Nikon Series E Lenses: 28mm35mm50mm100mm135mm | E-Series Zoom lenses: 36~72mm75~150mm70~210mm

MF Zoom-Nikkor Lenses: 25~50mm | 28~45mm | 28~50mm | 28~85mm | 35~70mm | 36~72mm E | 35~85mm | 35~105mm | 35~135mm | 35~200mm | 43~86mm | 50~135mm | 50~300mm | 70~210mm E | 75~150mm E | 80~200mm | 85~250mm | 100~300mm | 180~600mm | 200~400mm | 200~600mm | 360~1200mm | 1200~1700mm

Tele-Converters: TC-1 | TC-2 | TC-200 | TC-201 | TC-300 | TC-301 | TC-14 | TC-14A | TC-14B | TC-14C | TC-14E | TC-16 | TC-16A | TC-20E

Recommended links to understand more technical details related to the Nikkor F-mount and production Serial Number: by: my friend, Rick Oleson by: Hansen, Lars Holst


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W A R N I N G: The new G-SERIES Nikkor lenses have removed the conventional aperture ring on the lense barrel, they CANNOT adjust aperture(s) when operating in manual exposure control even with certain earlier MF/AF Nikon SLR camera models. But they are FULLY COMPATIBLE with the Nikon F5 featured here in all usable metering systems and/or exposure modes. Please refer to your local distributor for compatibility issue(s).

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