Modern Classic SLRs Series :
Nikon SB-28 AF-TTL Speedlight
Instruction Manual - Part III

 
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icon-TTL.gif
flash modes: a total of Six flash operations are possible in the TTL Auto Flash mode:

TTLflashA.gif
3D Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash (Applicable to F5, F100, F90X/N90s, F90-Series/N90, F80-Series/N80-Series, F70-Series/N70) This mode automatically controls flash output to keep both subject and background correctly exposed. The SB-28 fires a series of nearly invisible preflashes, called Monitor Preflash. These preflashes are detected by the TTL Multi-Sensor in Group I cameras and the data is then integrated with distance information from D-type Nikkor lenses and other exposure data to determine the optimal flash shooting distance range and flash output level for balanced Fill-Flash exposure. This is especially effective for scenes that include: (1) a mirror, white wall or other highly reflective surface or (2) unwanted obstacles in front of the subject.

Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash (Applicable to F5, F100, F90X/N90s, F90-Series/N90, F80-Series/N80-Series, F70-Series/N70) This mode automatically controls flash output to keep both subject and background correctly exposed when non-D-type AF or AI-P-type Nikkor lenses are used. The SB-28 fires a series of nearly invisible Monitor Preflashes, which are detected by the TTL Multi-Sensor to help determine the best exposure for both subject and background. This method is most effective for scenes that include: (1) a mirror, white wall, or other surface highly reflective surface, or (2) a subject positioned against a distant and/or plain background, such as an empty sky, clouds, etc.

SB28ShutterbladD.jpg

Matrix Balanced Fill Flash (Applicable to F4-Series, F65-Series/N65-Series, F60-Series/N60, F50-Series/N50, F-801s/N8008s, F-801/N8008, F-601/N6006, F-601M/N6000, F-401x/N5005, Pronea 600i/6i) This mode automatically controls flash output to keep both subject and background correctly exposed when D or non-D-type AF Nikkor lenses are used. The camera's Matrix Metering System determines the correct exposure based on the ambient light. Flash illumination brightens the main foreground subject but does not overpower the background.

Credit: Image courtesy of Laura Kornylak ® <shutterblade@comcast.net> from shutterblade*com where the Company has a website on its own. Image copyright © 2003. All rights reserved.

Center-Weighted/Spot Fill-Flash (Applicable to F5, F4-Series, F100, F90X/N90s, F90-Series/N90, F70-Series/N70, F60-Series/N60,F50-Series/N50, F-801s/N8008s, F-801/N8008, F-601/N6006, F-601M/N6000, F-401x/N5005) This mode operates with Center-Weighted or Spot metering. Centre-Weighted Fill-Flash measures the entire scene, but places emphasis on the center area. Spot Fill-Flash reads a narrower central area or spot. Not all Nikon AF cameras provide spot Fill-Flash.

Programmed TTL Auto Flash (Applicable to F-501/N2020, F-401s/N4004s, F-401/N4004, F-301/N2000) In this mode, you can perform auto flash operation with the lens set to its
minimum aperture (highest f-number). The camera automatically controls the aperture according to the ISO film speed.

Standard TTL Flash (Applicable to F5, F4-Series, F100, F90X/N90s, F90-Series/N90, F80-Series/N80-Series, F70-Series/N70, F65-Series/N65-Series, F-801s/N8008s, F-801/N8008, F-601/N6006, F-601M/N6000, F-501/N2020, F-401s/N4004s, F-401/N4004, F-301/N2000, FM3A, FA, FE2, FG, Pronea 600i/6i, Nikonos V) You manually select a flash output level so that the main subject is correctly exposed regardless of the background brightness. This system is not designed to automatically provide a balance between flash and ambient light; it is limited to efficient operation in dim-light conditions and is not recommended for use in very bright lighting conditions. This system does not directly link the camera’s light meter and the SB-28’s TTL sensor.

TTL Auto Flash icon-TTL.gif Mode (For cameras in Group I: Nikon F6/F5, F100, F90X/N90s, F90-Series/N90, F80-Series/N80-Series, F70-Series/N70): Monitor Preflash will not operate under these conditions:

a) If the flash head is tilted up or rotated from the horizontal/front position.
b) When the camera’s flash sync mode is set to rear-curtain sync.
b) When TTL Auto Flash (not 3D Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash or Multi- Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash) mode is selected. (In this case no icon-matrix.gif indicator appears.)
d) When a Nikkor lens without a built-in CPU is used.

TTLflashB.gif
*1 All of the above flash modes can be changed to Standard TTL Flash icon-TTL.gif. *2 Only Standard TTL Flash is possible when the F5’s, F100’s or F80-Series/N80-Series’ Metering System is set to Spot Metering. *3 With a G-type Nikkor lens attached to F90X/N90s, F90-Series/N90, F70-Series/N70 cameras, the A and M exposure modes cannot be used. *4 With a non-CPU Nikkor lens attached to F80-Series/N80-Series cameras, Standard TTL Flash can be performed. (Can only be used with exposure mode set to Manual) The camera’s exposure meter cannot be used. Set and confirm the aperture using the lens aperture ring.

Monitor Preflash will not operate: If the flash head is tilted up or rotated from the horizontal/front position. When the camera’s flash sync mode is set to rear-curtain sync. Note: When TTL Auto Flash (not 3D Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash or Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash) mode is selected. (In this case no icon-matrix.gif indicator appears.) When a Nikkor lens without a built-in CPU is used.

Camera settings: 1 Set the aperture. The method for setting the aperture differs, depending on the lens in use and the selected exposure mode. (See Confirming flash shooting distance range in TTL Auto Flash icon-TTL.gif Mode.) 2 Set the flash sync mode. Set the camera’s flash sync mode (if available) to front-curtain sync (Normal).

Flash settings: 3 Select the flash mode. Press the SB28LCDrearB.gif button until the desired auto flash mode appears on the LCD panel.

TTLflashC.gif

TTLflashD.gif

A flash shooting distance range of
0.8 to 6m (2.6 to 20 ft) is shown.

TTLflashE.gif
4 Check the shooting distance. With the F5 camera’s Custom Setting, you can select 1/300 TTL High-Speed Sync. In this case, you cannot confirm the shooting distance using the indicator bars icon-bar.gif on the SB-28’s LCD panel. (See Flash shooting distance range section in 1/300 TTL High-Speed Flash sync operation.). 5 Wait for the ready-light to come on and make sure the subject is in focus before taking the picture.
SB28DXsettingD.gif
The ready-light blinks when the flash fires at maximum output. If the SB-28’s ready-light and the underexposure indicator blink for approx. 3 seconds after shooting, the flash has fired at its maximum output, indicating the light was insufficient for correct exposure. The amount of underexposure (for example, -1.0 to -3.0) also appears on the SB-28's LCD panel. To compensate, use a wider aperture or move closer to the subject and re-shoot. You can recall the amount of underexposure last shown on the LCD panel by pressing the icon-lightbulb.gif button.

Confirming the flash shooting distance range in TTL Auto Flash icon-TTL.gif Mode Applicable to cameras in Groups I and II The method for confirming the shooting distance differs, depending on the lens in use and the selected exposure mode. Check the flash shooting distance range as described below.

TTLflashF.gif
Nikkor lenses with a built-in CPU: In Programmed auto (P, Ps) or Shutter-priority auto (S) mode: (1) Set the lens to its minimum aperture (highest f-number) (except G-type Nikkor lenses). (2) Press the shutter release button halfway and check the shooting distance range on the SB-28’s LCD panel. In Aperture-priority auto (A) or Manual (M) mode: Check the indicator bars _ and the subject's distance as you rotate the camera’s command dial or lens aperture ring to determine the aperture value.

Nikkor lenses without a built-in CPU • In Aperture-priority auto (A) or Manual (M) mode only: (1) While looking at the indicator bars icon-bar.gif press the icon-plus.gif or icon-minus.gif button to
change the aperture and bring the subject within the flash shooting distance range. (2) Note the aperture and set it on the lens.

TTL Auto Flash Mode icon-TTL.gif (For cameras in Group I: Nikon F5 only):

Flash shooting distance range in 1/300 TTL High-Speed Flash sync operation (Nikon F5 only) In combination with the F5 camera, 1/300 High-Speed Flash Sync (with Custom Setting; 1/250 sec. at normal setting) is possible. But the farthest flash shooting distance cannot be read from the indicator bars icon-bar.gif on the SB-28 in TTL Auto Flash icon-TTL.gif Mode. In this case, use the guide number table and equation for calculating this distance according to each zoom-head position.

GN.gif

For example, when shooting with ISO 100 film, at a 35mm zoom-head position and an aperture of f/5.6:
D = 14/5.6 = 2.5 (measured in meters)
D = 46/5.6 = 8.2 (measured in feet)

The farthest flash shooting distance is 2.5m (8.2ft). You can read the closest shooting distance from the SB-28’s indicator bars For film speeds other than ISO 100, multiply the figures in the table above by the factors shown below.

TTL Auto Flash icon-TTL.gif Mode (For cameras in Group II: F4-Series, F65-Series/N65-Series, F-801s/N8008s, F-801/N8008, Pronea 600i/6i)

TTLflashG.gif
*1 Matrix Balanced Fill-Flash operation is possible with F4-Series camera when AI-S or AI-type Nikkor lenses, Nikon Series E lenses, and lenses for the F3AF are used. *2 The above flash modes can be changed to Standard TTL Flash t. *3 Only Standard TTL Flash can be performed when the F4’s Metering System is set to Spot Metering. *4 With a G-type Nikkor lens attached to F4-Series, F-801s/N8008s, F-801/N8008 cameras, the A and M exposure modes cannot be used. *5 With F65-Series/N65-Series and Pronea 600i/6i cameras, only Standard TTL Flash can be performed when the camera’s exposure mode is set to Manual (M). *6 Center-Weighted Fill-Flash/Spot Fill-Flash is not possible with the F65-Series/N65-Series, Pronea 600i/6i cameras. *7 With a non-CPU Nikkor lens attached to F65-Series/N65-Series or Pronea 600i/6i cameras, Standard TTL Flash ca n be performed. (Can only be used with exposure mode set to Manual) The camera’s exposure meter cannot be used. Set and confirm the aperture using the lens aperture ring.

Camera settings 1 Set the aperture. The method for setting the aperture differs, depending on the lens in use and the selected exposure mode. (See section on Confirming flash shooting distance range in TTL Auto Flash Mode.) 2 Set the flash sync mode. Set the camera’s flash sync mode (if available) to front-curtain sync (Normal). 3 Select the flash mode. Press the SB28LCDrearB.gif button until the desired auto flash mode indicator appears on the LCD panel:

TTLflashF4a.gif

4 Check the shooting distance. 5 Wait for the ready-light to come on and make sure the subject is in focus before taking the picture. If the ready-light blinks for approx. 3 seconds after shooting, this indicates the light may have been insufficient for correct exposure. In this case, use a wider aperture or move closer to the subject.
TTLflashF4b.gif
TTLflashF4c.gif

TTLflashgroup3.gif
TTL Auto Flash icon-TTL.gif Mode (For cameras in Group III: F-601/N6006, F-601M/N6000): Use the camera’s SB28LCDrearB.gif button to select the flash mode. Available flash operation in TTL Auto Flash Mode *1 G-type Nikkor lenses cannot be used with an F-601/N6006 camera. With a G-type Nikkor lens attached to an F-601M/N6000 camera, the A and M exposure modes cannot be used. *2 Spot Metering is not possible with the F-601M/N6000.

Camera Settings: 1 Set the aperture. Nikkor lenses with a built-in CPU Note: In Programmed auto (P, PM) or Shutter-priority auto (S) mode: Set the lens to its minimum aperture (highest f-number) (except G-type Nikkor lenses). In Aperture-priority auto (A) or Manual (M) mode: While looking at the indicator bars icon-bar.gif press the icon-plus.gif or icon-minus.gif button to change the aperture and bring the subject within the flash shooting distance range. Then set the same aperture on the lens aperture ring. Nikkor lenses without a built-in CPU In Aperture-priority auto (A) or Manual (M) mode only: While looking at the indicator bars icon-bar.gif press the icon-plus.gif or icon-minus.gif button to change the aperture and bring the subject within the flash shooting distance range. Then set the same aperture on the lens aperture ring. 2 Set the flash sync mode. Set camera’s flash sync mode (if available) to front-curtain sync (Normal). 3 Select the flash mode on the camera.

TTLflashgroup3a.gif TTLflashgroupc.gif
Flash settings: 4 Select the flash mode. Press the SB28LCDrearB.gif button until appears icon-TTL.gif on the LCD panel. Note: Set your camera to the Matrix Balanced Fill Flash or Center-Weighted Fill-Flash/Spot Fill-Flash mode.5. Check the shooting distance. Nikkor lenses with a built-in CPU In any exposure mode: Press the icon-plus.gif or icon-minus.gif button until the same aperture as displayed on the camera’s LCD panel or in viewfinder is set on the SB-28’s LCD panel, then confirm the flash shooting distance range. Nikkor lenses without a built-in CPU: In Aperture-priority auto (A) or Manual (M) mode only: Press the icon-plus.gif or icon-minus.gif button until the same aperture on the lens is set on the SB-28’s LCD panel, then confirm the flash shooting distance range.

TTLflashF4c.gif
6 Wait for the ready-light to come on and make sure the subject is in focus before taking the picture. If the ready-light blinks for approx. 3 seconds after shooting, this indicates the light may have been insufficient for correct exposure. In this case, use a wider aperture or move closer to the subject.

TTLflashGroup4a.gif
TTL Auto Flash icon-TTL.gif Mode (For cameras in Group IV: F60-Series/N60, F50-Series/N50 and F-401x/N5005) Flash settings: 1 Select the flash mode. Press the SB28LCDrearB.gif button until icon-TTL.gif appears on the LCD panel. 2 Check the shooting distance according to the lens in use and the exposure mode selected on the camera.

With Nikkor lenses with a built-in CPU: For F60-Series/N60 and F50-Series/N50 (In Programmed Auto (P) or Shutter-Priority Auto (S) exposure mode) With an F60-Series/N60 or F50-Series/N50 camera in the ADVANCED mode, set the aperture appearing in the camera’s viewfinder on the SB-28’s LCD panel by pressing the SB-28’s icon-plus.gif or icon-minus.gif button.

TTLflashGroup5b.gif
With an F50-Series/N50 camera in the SIMPLE mode, select the aperture from the table below and set the same aperture on the SB-28’s LCD panel
TTLflashGroup5a.gif
For F-401x/N5005 (In Programmed Auto (P) or Shutter-Priority Auto (S) exposure mode): Select the aperture from the table and set the same aperture on the SB-28’s LCD panel by pressing the SB-28's icon-plus.gif or icon-minus.gif button. Then confirm the flash shooting distance range. Note: In shutter-priority auto mode, the aperture is automatically selected by the camera.

For F60-Series/N60, F50-Series/N50 and F-401x/N5005 (in Aperture-Priority Auto (A) or Manual (M) mode) Note the aperture set on the lens and set the same aperture on the
SB-28’s LCD panel by pressing the icon-plus.gif
or icon-minus.gif button. Then confirm the flash shooting distance range.
With Nikkor lenses without a built-in CPU (for F60-Series/N60, F50-Series/N50 and F-401x/N5005) Select the aperture on the lens and set the same aperture on the SB-28’s LCD panel by pressing the SB-28's icon-plus.gif
or icon-minus.gif button, then confirm the flash shooting distance range.

3 Wait for the ready-light to come on and make sure the subject is in focus before taking the picture. Note: If the ready-light blinks for approx. 3 seconds after shooting, this indicates the light may have been insufficient for correct exposure. In this case, use a wider aperture or move closer to the subject.

| previous | NEXT | 3/6 Detailed operation of SB-28 with various Groups of Nikon SLRs + FP & repeating flash photography

Part One | Part Two | Part Three | Part Four | Part Five | Part Six

| Back | Index Page The Nikon F5 SB-28 Instruction manual
| Back | Index Page The Nikon F5 SB-28DX Instruction manual

Relative:
Nikon AF-TTL Speedlight Models:
Nikon SB-800 | Nikon SB-600 | Nikon SB-30 | Nikon SB-29(s) (2000) | Nikon SB-28 (1997) | Nikon SB-27 (1997) | Nikon SB-26 (1994) | Nikon SB-25 (1992) | Nikon SB-24 (1988) | SB-23 | SB-22 (1987) | SB-20 (1986)
Nikon AF-TTL Speedlight DX-Series:
Nikon SB-28DX (1999)| SB-50DX (2001) | SB-80DX (2002)
Additional information on various
Nikon MF Bulb Flash - Nikon MF-Speedlights SB-1 ~ SB-21A/B

| Back | Main Index Page - Nikon F5 Professional SLR camera

The Camera - Background, Issues & Summary

Basic Features | Focusing | Metering Systems | Exposure Control | Reliability Issues | Nikkor lens Compatibility

Prisms
/Finders -
Index page - 2 parts
Film Backs:
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Index Page - 3 parts
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Macro Photography - Related info on Micro-Nikkor lenses

Technical
Specification for Nikon F5
Main Reference Map / Nomenclature

Resource Centre
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Variants:
F5 50th Anniversary Model | Nikon/Kodak DCS-620 | DCS-720 Digital Still SLR camera

| Back | Index Page of Digital Nikon SLR cameras
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Nikon Auto Focus Nikkor lenses:- Main Index Page
Nikon Manual Focus Nikkor lenses:- Fisheye-Nikkor Lenses - Circular | Full Frame | Ultrawides Lenses - 13mm15mm18mm20mm | Wideangle Lenses - 24mm28mm35mm | Standard Lenses - 45mm 50mm 58mm | Telephoto Lenses - 85mm105mm135mm180mm & 200mm | Super-Telephoto Lenses - 300mm 400mm 500mm 600mm 800mm 1200mm |

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Index Page
  Special Application lenses:
Micro-Nikkor Lenses - 50mm~55mm -60mm 85mm -105mm 200mm Micro-Zoom 70-180mm
Perspective Control (PC) - 28mm 35mm PC-Micro 85mm
Dedicated Lenses for Nikon F3AF: AF 80mm f/2.8 | AF 200mm f/3.5 EDIF
Depth of Field Control (DC): 105mm 135mm
Medical Nikkor: 120mm 200mm
Reflex-Nikkor Lenses - 500mm 1000mm 2000mm
Others: Noct Nikkor | OP-Nikkor | UV Nikkor 55mm 105mm | Focusing Units | Bellows-Nikkor 105mm 135mm
Nikon Series E Lenses: 28mm35mm50mm100mm135mm | E-Series Zoom lenses: 36~72mm75~150mm70~210mm


MF Zoom-Nikkor Lenses: 25~50mm | 28~45mm | 28~50mm | 28~85mm | 35~70mm | 36~72mm E | 35~85mm | 35~105mm | 35~135mm | 35~200mm | 43~86mm | 50~135mm | 50~300mm | 70~210mm E | 75~150mm E | 80~200mm | 85~250mm | 100~300mm | 180~600mm | 200~400mm | 200~600mm | 360~1200mm | 1200~1700mm

Tele-Converters: TC-1 | TC-2 | TC-200 | TC-201 | TC-300 | TC-301 | TC-14 | TC-14A | TC-14B | TC-14C | TC-14E | TC-16 | TC-16A | TC-20E

Recommended links to understand more technical details related to the Nikkor F-mount and production Serial Number:
http://rick_oleson.tripod.com/index-153.html by: my friend, Rick Oleson
http://www.zi.ku.dk/personal/lhhansen/photo/fmount.htm by: Hansen, Lars Holst
http://www.mir.com.my/rb/photography/hardwares/nikonfmount/lens2.htm
http://www.photosynthesis.co.nz/nikon/serialno.html

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W A R N I N G: The new G-SERIES Nikkor lenses have removed the conventional aperture ring on the lense barrel, they CANNOT adjust aperture(s) when operating in manual exposure control even with certain earlier MF/AF Nikon SLR camera models. But they are FULLY COMPATIBLE with the Nikon F5 featured here in all usable metering systems and/or exposure modes. Please refer to your local distributor for compatibility issue(s).

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Credit: Mr. Chuck Hester, US for his text re-editing skill for this site; Our staff, HowKiat® who created the 3D-Nikon F5 logo. Mr. Lew Chee Wai of YL camera for lending his F5 for me to take some shots appeared in this site. All those nice folks who have contributed their images, in particular Mr. Mike Long, Edwin leong, Palmi Einarsson, Sergio Pessolano, Fred Kamphues, Harry Eggens, Curtis Forrester, Nick (Natures Moments), Sandra Bartocha; fellow countrymen, Vincent Thian, Koh Kho King, Philip Chong, CY Leow etc. and contributions from a few nice folks from Photo Malaysia Forum. Disclaimers & acknowledgments: Certain content and images appeared in this site were either scanned from official marketing leaflets, brochures published by Nikon and/or contribution from surfers who claimed originality of their own work for public publishing in this website, where majority of the extracted information are used basing on educational merits. The creator of this site will not be responsible for any discrepancies that may arise from any possible dispute except rectifying them after verification from respective source. Neither Nikon or its associates has granted any permission(s) in using their public information nor has any interest in the creation of this site. "Nikon", "Nikkormat", "Nippon Kokagu KK" "Silent Wave", "Focus Tracking Lock-on", "Nikkor" & other applicable technical/business terms are registered trade name(s) of Nikon Corporation Inc., Japan. Site made with an Apple G5 IMac.

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